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Gender Inequality, Ethnic Cleavages, and Economic Growth in Latin America
|Issue Date: ||2020-09-02 13:14:21 (UTC+8)|
Recent literature has been analyzing the key role of gender inequality for explaining economic performance. However, findings about the effects of gender inequality are inconclusive. In this thesis, I contend that the effect of gender inequality on economic growth is conditional on ethnic fractionalization. I hypothesize that the combined effect of greater levels of gender gaps and ethnic cleavage reduces economic growth. Focusing on gender inequality in education, labor force, and employment, I empirically test my hypothesis based on data in 18 Latin American countries from 1980 to 2018. The quantitative analyses demonstrate that that a country with a wider gender gap and a higher degree of ethnic fractionalization is more likely to have low economic growth. The qualitative comparative case studies of Bolivia and Chile further illustrate how economic performance is affected by the interaction effects of gender gaps and ethnic fractionalization. Overall, this thesis aims to fill the gap in the literature of political economy and provide policy implications for the economic development of developing countries.
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|Source URI: ||http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107862018|
|Data Type: ||thesis|
|Appears in Collections:||[國際研究英語碩士學位學程] 學位論文|
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