本研究以「問題導向學習於中國語文通識課程之實踐與研究」為題，即試圖於傳統講述之餘，借重「問題導向學習（problem-based learning，簡稱PBL）」。以學⽣為中⼼的特質，讓學習不只是教師單⼀的傳授、灌輸，也能是雙向的、主動的，更在問題的形成、探索、解決之過程中，學習者之思考層次也有所提升。故與「問題導向學習」相關的文獻之探討，就成為本計畫之文獻探討最為要緊的項⽬。⽽為了讓學習者能從傳統主題講述橋接⾄問題導向學習，其他像鷹架理論、⼼智繪圖也有其必要性。 This article was themed with “An Implementation and Research of problem-based learning in Chinese General. Education Courses”, that is to say, the researcher attempting to rely on “problem-based learning, (PBL)” except for conventional methods of narration. Focusing on students was the manner to let learning situation to be interactive and positive, not just unilateral teaching from lecturers. Furthermore, the thinking level of students would be enhanced via the process of producing problems and then exploring problems, ultimately, resolving problems. Consequently, this study aims to discuss the related contents of “problem-based learning”, and the preceding statement becomes to the most important project of discussing the literary review. In addition to this in order to let students switch conventional methods of narration to problem-based learning, other theories such as Scaffolding Instruction and Mind Mapping are also necessary.