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    Title: 創新採購制度之實踐研究 -歐洲國家與我國法制之比較
    Feasibility Assessment of Implementing Public Procurement of Innovation and A Comparative Study on the Government Procurement in Taiwan, the EU and the UK.
    Authors: 溫佳湄
    Wen, Chia-Mei Charmaine
    Contributors: 顏玉明
    YAN, YUH-MING ANNA
    溫佳湄
    Wen, Chia-Mei Charmaine
    Keywords: 創新採購
    政府採購
    招決標程序
    協商
    Public Procurement of Innovation
    Government Procurement
    Tendering Procedure
    Negotiation
    Date: 2021
    Issue Date: 2021-03-02 14:38:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歐洲國家如歐盟與英國將政府採購作為推行創新政策之工具,創造有利於創新之法規環境,由上而下制定前瞻性創新採購策略,透過推行創新採購制度來解決公部門面臨的挑戰並實現公共服務現代化,更是可以透過政府採購從需求面促進整體產業創新轉型,並在國際間取得市場領導者地位。
    本研究聚焦歐洲國家如何推動創新採購及各項推動措施,落實創新領域的政府採購事項回歸需求面的政策措施,包含修訂政府採購指令並建立創新採購環境、排除不友善的招標或投標程序、提供機關與廠商創新採購指導原則與協助、擴散創新採購經驗與知識、使創新採購成為政府採購的要素之一,做為我國擴散推行創新採購之參考,或透過探討歐盟創新採購作業程序,以評估引進歐盟創新採購制度作以改善我國招標過程缺乏協商運用之借鏡,以提升政府採購法因案制宜之整體經濟效益。
    The European public sector is facing significant challenges, including the need to modernise internal operations while delivering high quality public services, and applying innovation procurement to capitalise on innovative solutions to modernize public services. By developing a forward-looking innovation procurement strategy, public procurers can drive innovation from the demand side. This enables the European public sectors to modernize public services faster while creating opportunities for companies in Europe to obtain a first customer reference and gain international leadership in new markets.
    This paper examines the innovation procurements in the European Countries by using public procurements as a tool to implement public policies. It is required that public procurements adhere to the fundamentals of the demand side for innovations, and zooming in the process of policy formation, objectives, measures and methods, including the guidelines for innovation procurements prescribed in the directives of public procurements. In the process of time, innovation procurements have become an important culture of public procurements. It is hoped that the research findings may serve as a template for innovation procurements in Taiwan, and solve the problem of lacking of communication and flexibility in the existing tendering process and to improve the performance of Government Procurement Act.
    Reference: 中文專著
    羅昌發,政府採購法與政府採購協定論析,2008。
    潘秀菊,政府採購法,2009。
    謝哲勝、李金松合著,政府採購法實用,2017。
    中文期刊
    王睦鈞,創新採購機制之初探,台灣經濟研究月刊,39(7),2016。
    何晉滄,新創採購加速政府導入創新服務,臺灣經濟論衡,18:2,2020年6月。
    郭耀煌,2015-2016資訊國力年鑑,行政院科技會報辦公室,頁 72,2016年12月。
    陳麗娟,從WTO論歐盟與中國大陸對政府採購市場開放之立場,國會月刊,第41卷第11期23,2013年11月。
    陳麗娟,歐盟政府採購法改革之研究,貿易政策論叢,第21期,2014年7月
    陳麗娟,歐盟政府採購指令之趨勢與啟示:創新與國際化,貿易政策論叢,第22期,2014年12月。
    陳麗娟,歐盟政府採購法及其施行現況,2020-05,頁11-38,財團法人中技社,2020。
    許芳瑜,歐盟創新採購機制觀測,科技法律透析,第29卷第7期,頁52-72,2017年7月。
    黃慧嫻,推動政府採購創新之國際實際與法制分析—以芬蘭TEKES「政府採購創新計劃」為例,科技法律透析,第25卷第10期,頁27-46,2013年10月。
    鄭進練,創新採購初探專題報導,國家發展委員會政府機關資訊通報,第339期,2016年2月。
    學位論文
    丁怡禎,以競爭性對話改善政府採購之分析,國立中央營建管理研究所碩士論文,2019年6月。
    詹紹均,政府採購法加入歐盟競爭對話制度之可行性研究,東吳大學法學院法律學系法律專業碩士班碩士論文,2018年7月。
    鄭進練,我國資訊服務委外採用創新採購之可行性研究,東吳大學法學院法律系碩士在職專班科技法律組碩士論文,2017年6月。
    法規命令函示
    公共工程招標文件公開閱覽制度實施要點。
    政府採購法。
    政府採購法施行細則。
    採購契約要項。
    最有利標作業手冊。
    最有利標評選辦法
    統包實施辦法。
    產業創新條例。
    網路資訊
    資策會科技法律研究所,友善政府採購機制https://stli.iii.org.tw/model.aspx?no=153
    行政院第3589次院會報告「優化新創事業投資環境行動方案」https://www.ey.gov.tw/Page/9277F759E41CCD91/dcef76af-aa58-40f8-832d-92ab14a23f5e
    行政院第3589次院會報告「優化新創事業投資環境行動方案」https://www.ey.gov.tw/Page/9277F759E41CCD91/dcef76af-aa58-40f8-832d-92ab14a23f5e
    行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購協定https://www.pcc.gov.tw/DL.aspx?sitessn=297&nodeid=1988&u=LzAwMS9VcGxvYWQvb2xkL2hvbWUvcGNjYXAvdXBsb2FkL2ZpbGVzL291dGVyL0QyMDA4
    行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購法https://www.pcc.gov.tw/cp.aspx?n=2BE68E5656E06EFA
    行政院公共工程委員會,政府採購法施行細則https://www.pcc.gov.tw/cp.aspx?n=0FDB8F982BF0BA37
    行政院公共工程委員會,108年度政府採購執行情形 https://www.pcc.gov.tw/cp.aspx?n=B88540806C20DCA0
    公共工程招標文件公開閱覽制度實施要點https://lawweb.pcc.gov.tw/LawContent.aspx?id=FL029347
    行政院公共工程委員會,政府電子採購網,https://webtest.pcc.gov.tw/pis/main/pis/client/index.do
    行政院公共工程委員會新聞稿「採購法與國際接軌,善用彈性機制即可辦好採購」
    https://www.pcc.gov.tw/News_Content.aspx?n=C61062639C0CD29F&sms=21EF9CF82726C1BB&s=ABE08AB7BAAE486B
    資訊工業策進會科技法律研究所,何謂「創新採購」?
    https://stli.iii.org.tw/article-detail.aspx?no=67&tp=5&d=7319
    英國正式脫離歐盟成為 WTO 政府採購協定(GPA) 個別會員https://www.cw.com.tw/article/5098793
    英國與歐盟達成脫歐後自由貿易協定《英歐貿易合作協定》。《英歐貿易合作協定》https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%8B%B1%E5%9C%8B%E8%84%AB%E6%AD%90
    經濟部工業局軟體採購辦公室https://www.spo.org.tw/office_new3/plan-explaination.html
    經濟部中小企業處,新創採購 https://www.spp.org.tw/spp/project
    張鑒鈞,物有所值:英國的政府採購實踐,中國政府採購報,http://finance.sina.com.cn/20150209/220221512221.shtml
    姜愛華,縱觀新一輪國際政採規則下的各國改革圖景,中國政府採購報,
    https://www.luoow.com/dc_hk/109963777
    王文濤,郭鐵成,邱曉燕,英國遠期約定採購讓創新貼緊市場,經濟參考報,http://www.jjckb.cn/2013-09/05/content_465811.htm

    外文期刊
    Abby Semple, Guidance for Public Authorities on Public Procurement of Innovation, European Commission, 2014.
    Charles Edquist, Nicholas S. Vonortas, J. M. Zabala, Jakob Edler, Public
    Document on State Aid for Innovation COM(2005) 436 final, p. 5, Sep. 21, 2005.
    Competitive procedure with negotitation, competitive dialogue & innovation partnerships, Crown Commercial Service, October 2016.
    European Commission, Pre-commercial Procurement: Driving Innovation to Ensure Sustainable High Quality Public Services in Europe, COM(2007) 799 final , p. 1, Dec. 14, 2007.
    European Commission, Communication from the Commission Consultation d
    HM Treasury, Review of Competitive Dialogue, November 2010.
    Office of Government Commerce, Finding and Procuring Innovative Solutions, Department for Innovation, Universities & Skills, 2007.
    Procurement for Innovation, Edward Elgar Publishing, p. 1, 2015.
    Pre-commercial Procurement: Driving innovation to ensure sustainable high quality public services in Europe, at 8, COM (2007) 799 final, (Dec. 14, 2007)
    Yeow, J., Uyarra, E., Edler, J., Gee, S., Georghiou, L., Lember, V. (Ed.), Kattel, R. (Ed.), & Kalvet, T. (Ed.) (2013)
    European Commission, Policy related Frequently Asked Questions on
    Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) and the link with Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions (PPI) , http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=5207.
    OECD, Demand-side Innovation Policies, OECD, 2011, http://www.oecd.org/sti/inno/48081293.pdf.
    Procurement Innovation for Cloud Service in Europe, http://www.picse.eu/pre-commercial-procurement-pcp-vs-public-procureme nt-of-innovation-ppi.
    Akiko Yanai ,The function of the MFN clause in the global trading system,(2002)availableat:http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Download/Apec/pdf/2001_15.pdf
    Forward commitment procurement: guidance on buying innovative goods and services,Policy Paper From Department for Business, Innovation & Skills
    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/forward-commitment-procurement-guidance-on-buying-innovative-goods-and-services
    法規命令函示
    Directive 2014/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26
    February 2014 on the award of concession contracts OJ L 94, 2014.
    Directive 2014/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on public procurement and repealing Directive 2004/18/EC OJ L 94.
    Directive 2014/25/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on procurement by entities operating in the water, energy, transport and postal services sectors and repealing Directive 2004/17/EC OJ L 94, 2014.
    European Commission, Commission Staff Working Document Guide on Dealing with Innovation Solutions in Public Procurement 10 elements of good practice, SEC(2007) 280, 23.2.2007.
    European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council, The European Parliament, The European Economic and Social Committee of the Regions Pre-commercial Procurement: Driving Innovation to Ensure Sustainable High Quality Public Services in Europe, COM(2007) 799 final, 12.14.2007.
    European commission, Communication from the Commission to the Council, The European Parliament, The European Economic and Social Committee of the Regions Putting Knowledge into Practice: A Broad-based Innovation Strategy for the EU, COM(2006) 502 final 13.9.2006.
    European Commission, Communication from then Commission Consultation Document on State Aid for Innovation COM(2005) 436 final, 21.9.2005.
    MDAwMDAyL3dlYuaIkeWci%2Bewvee9sldUT%2BaUv%2BW6nOaOoeizvOWNlOWumkdQQeWkp%2BimgTEwNDA5MjUucGRm&n=d2Vi5oiR5ZyL57C9572yV1RP5pS%2F5bqc5o6h6LO85Y2U5a6aR1BB5aSn6KaBMTA0MDkyNS5wZGY%3D&icon=.pdf
    Public Procurement Policy https://www.gov.uk/guidance/public-sector-procurement-policy
    The legal framework for Innovation Procurement in Europe, https://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/image/document/2015-50/legal_fw_ip_europe_vassilis_12529.pdf
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    法律科際整合研究所
    104652004
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0104652004
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202100340
    Appears in Collections:[法律科際整合研究所] 學位論文

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