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    Title: 黨內同質性與黨際異質性對立法時間的影響:事件史分析
    Intra-Party Homogeneity , Inter-Party Heterogeneity and the Duration of Legislation: An Event History Analysis
    Authors: 黃子峰
    Huang, Tzu-Feng
    Contributors: 盛杏湲
    Sheng, Shing-Yuan
    黃子峰
    Huang, Tzu-Feng
    Keywords: 立法時間
    條件式政黨政府理論
    委託代理理論
    事件史分析模型
    Legislative duration
    Principal-agent theory
    Event history analysis
    Conditional Party Government
    Date: 2022
    Issue Date: 2022-06-01 16:35:22 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 國會作為民主國家中進行決策、立法的重要機構,無論在何種選制之下,各個國會中的行動者皆希冀透過明文的議事程序,使自身偏好的立法方案經由立法進程成功通過成為法律,發揮作用。但就實際結果,因有限的開會時間,並非所有的提案都能成為法律,因議程設定的不同,成功成為法律的提案也並非都歷經了相同的時間。不同的議程設定象徵不同立法時間的安排,也間接說明時間對於法案的通過是非常寶貴的資源。
    政黨作為國會中議程設定權的壟斷者,政黨內部成員立場歧異程度以及政黨之間對於議題的共識強弱,將影響政黨思考如何安排立法時間投注的差異,進而產生不同的議程設定結果。因此本研究主要研究問題為:不同黨內同質性、黨際異質性的立法時間差異為何?
    本研究以提案與修正動議作為分析單位,針對第二屆到第九屆立法院中左右、環保、兩岸三種議題,透過事件史分析模型進行分析,試圖說明黨內與黨際立場離散程度對立法時間的影響。
    黨內互動方面,議員與政黨之間委託代理關係的特性,延伸條件式政黨政府所提出議員與所屬政黨的互動關係,當同黨立委立場愈集中時,政黨不需要花費太多資源平衡黨內意見,因此可以愈短的時間通過法案。黨際互動方面,國會內政黨間的互動如同相異族群間互動關係,具有無限次重複賽局與社會配對賽局的特性,即便立場存在差異也並非絕對的對立衝突,且受到法案通過後政治利益的考量,黨際異質性對立法時間的影響並非線性關係。
    有別於過往對於國會多數決決策核心的想像,議員與政黨、政黨與政黨之間存在著立場的差異,即便存在國會多數黨壟斷議程設定權,但法案的通過皆須仰賴所有立法行動者間達成共識後相互合作方能更加快速且順利的通過,完成立法。立法成果的生成,必然是「裡子」與「面子」多面向考量後的結果。
    Every legislative actor in the parliament, the crucial institution that makes decision and legislates in democratic nations, expects to pass their preferred bills successfully with expressly provided parliamentary procedure so as to make them laws and take effect through legislative agenda. However, in terms of actual results, due to limited conference time, not all proposals become laws; because of different agenda setting, not all the bills that become laws have undergone identical duration. Different agenda setting represents different arrangement, and it also demonstrates indirectly that duration is a significantly valuable resource for passage of bills.
    Since parties dominate the authority of agenda setting, the heterogeneity of internal members within a party and the strength of the consensus on certain issues will influence the parties’ consideration on how to arrange different legislation time spent so as to result in different agenda setting. Thus, the main concern of this study is: what’s the difference in legislative duration under different inter-party homogeneity and intra-party heterogeneity?
    This article takes proposals and amends as units of analysis, focusing on three kinds of issues including environmental protection, cross-strait relations, and left-right policies, among the 2th to 9th Legislative Yuan, analyzing through Event History Analysis, attempting to figure out how the dispersion on political positions within and between parties impacts the duration of legislation.
    With regard to intra-party interaction, owing to the feature of principal-agent relationships between legislators and parties, this article extends the interaction mode between a legislator and his party suggested in the Conditional Party Government Theory, pointing out that a party doesn’t have to spend much time resource balancing intra-party positions when stances of legislators within it get more consistent, which enables it to pass bills in a shorter duration. As for inter-party interaction, like interaction relations between interracial groups, inter-party interaction within the parliament possesses features of “Indefinitely Repeated Games” and “Social Matching Games.” Even though there are differences on ideology and positions, they are not absolute opposition and conflicts; also, in consideration of political benefits brought in by passage of bills, the influence of inter-party heterogeneity on the legislative duration presents a nonlinear relationship.
    Unlike past supposition that the parliament is majority-party-dominant, there is divergence in positions between parties and legislators, or between parties and parties. Though the majority party monopolizes the authority of agenda setting, the passage of bills depends on consensus reached by all the legislative actors and cooperation afterwards so as to make it smoother and quicker and complete the legislation. The generation of legislative results is certainly the consequence of multi-aspect consideration for vanity and actuality.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    政治學系
    108252016
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108252016
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202200427
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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