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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/141238

    Title: 超越道德情感的邊界:對亞當・斯密的反思
    Boundaries of Moral Sentiments and Beyond: Reflections on Adam Smith`s Writings
    Authors: 林祐安
    Lin, Yu-An
    Contributors: 葉浩
    Yeh, Hao
    Lin, Yu-An
    Keywords: 道德情感
    moral sentiments
    impartial spectator
    the philosophy of vision
    the politics of the aesthetic
    transcendental phenomenology
    Date: 2022
    Issue Date: 2022-08-01 18:25:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 蘇格蘭啟蒙運動哲學家亞當斯密,以其政治經濟學名著《國富論》裡「看不見的手」此一隱喻著稱,而被認為是基於自由主義、資本主義立場推行自由貿易的旗手,後世也多將其置於理性自利的框架下討論。然而,我認為,亞當斯密理論的核心,其實是一套連接人性之中感性和理性官能的一元認識論,因此其實可以將斯密置於美學的脈絡中理解。


    Scottish Enlightenment philosopher Adam Smith, who is renowned for his use of the metaphor “the invisible hand” in Wealth of Nations, is known as a liberalist and capitalist who stands for free trade. Hence, Smith is often brought up in the category of reason and self-interest. However, I propose that the core of his theories is epistemology connecting sensations and judgements and that he should be read in the context of aesthetics.

    Through introducing the impartial spectator in his writing of The Theory of Moral Sentiments, Smith illustrates how one’s imaginations form upon one’s seeing of others’ actions and one would thus sympathise with them. Through the process of seeing, imagining and sympathising, general rules of actions are formed within one’s conscience, and social morals are thus built through our experiences of interacting. This is, as Smith himself puts it, the philosophy of vision. I propose, therefore, that Smith’s writings are highly aesthetical as he not only illustrates the facts (rather than the purpose or utility and so on) of human life through focusing on bodily senses and could therefore be interpreted as against teleology, against utilitarianism and against functionalism, but he also uses analogies to make his point, such as showing how a human society could be like an animal body or a watch. Also, Smith sets the boundaries of moral systems to be the current states, and it demonstrates how a person acknowledges, if not recognises, their fellow-citizens. Since acknowledging is linked to security rather than to liberty, my research suggests a different approach to Smith.

    It is also through Smith’s descriptive writings, we could therefore get to know that normativity lies within that we “ideally see”, namely we see other people as they are. Smith’s transcendental phenomenology proposed in times of the rise of capitalism could also lead us to reflect on the politics of the aesthetic of our contemporary world: that we don’t understand others’ situations is what leads to the differentiating of democracy and populism; political polarisation has been growing through our interactions on social media as we never truly see each other.
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    Pelley, Scott. 2021. “Whistleblower: Facebook is misleading the public on progress against hate speech, violence, misinformation.” https://www.cbsnews.com/news/facebook-whistleblower-frances-haugen-misinformation-public-60-
    minutes-2021-10-03/ (May 23, 2022).
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108252009
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202200872
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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