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    Title: 生育補助對生育率的影響-以臺灣為例
    The Impact of Maternity Pension on Fertility Rate in Taiwan
    Authors: 蔡欣潔
    Tsai, Hsin-Chieh
    Contributors: 黃柏鈞
    Huang, Po-Chun
    蔡欣潔
    Tsai, Hsin-Chieh
    Keywords: 總生育率
    生育津貼
    生育補助
    差異中差異法
    total fertility rate
    maternity pension
    baby bonus
    difference-in-differences
    Date: 2022
    Issue Date: 2022-08-01 18:26:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究主要探討生育津貼政策對於生育率的影響,本文採用1999年至2019年間臺灣20個縣市的樣本資料,利用差異中的差異估計法(DID)並控制女性教
    育年數、男性教育年數和家戶可支配所得,分析縣市發放生育津貼前後對於生育率的影響。研究結果顯示,生育津貼的發放對提升生育率是有正向顯著效果的,平均而言每增加發放一萬元的津貼,生育率會提高約0.1 人。另一方面,生育津貼的彈性是0.055,代表每多發放10%的生育津貼,生育率會提0.55%。
    This study analyzes the impact of maternity pension on total fertility rate, using data from 20 counties and cities in Taiwan from 1999 to 2019. The paper will use difference-in-differences method and control years of schooling for female, years of schooling for male and household disposable income to examine the relationship between maternity pension and total fertility rate. The empirical results show that the amount of maternity pension has a significant positive impact on total fertility rate. On average, for each additional NT$10,000 in allowances, the total fertility rate will increase by about 0.1 births per woman. On the other hand, the elasticity of maternity pension is 0.055, which means that for every 10% more maternity pension, the total fertility rate will increase by 0.55%.
    Reference: 林佳螢(2016),《我國生育津貼成效之研究》,淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班碩士論文。
    陳彥仁(2006),《台灣生育率下降因素之實證探討》,國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
    陳玉華、陳信木(2011),「臺灣民眾初婚年齡的變動趨勢:出生世代、教育程度與省籍背景之間的差異」,《社會變遷調查專書》,中央研究院。
    林妏蓁、陳國樑、黃勢璋(2013),「生育津貼對我國生育率的影響:以1998-2010年為例」,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,17(2):259-297。
    尤智儀、李玉春(2016),「縣市生育津貼政策對夫妻生育意願之影響」,《人口學刊》,(52):43-79。
    彭建文、蔡怡純(2012),「住宅自有率對生育率之長短期影響─追蹤資料供整合分析應用」,《人口學刊》,(44):57-86。
    余清祥(2005),《臺灣地區各鄉鎮市區生育率的空間關係研究》,行政院國家科學委員會專題研究成果報告。
    Aoki, R. and Y. Konishi (2008). On the Persistence of Low Birthrate in Japan. Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    Becker, G. S., and Barro, R. J. (1988). A Reformulation of the Economic Theory of Fertility. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 103(1), 1-25.
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    Drago, R., Sawyer, K., Shreffler, K. M., Warren, D., and Wooden, M. (2011). Did Australia′s Baby Bonus Increase Fertility Intentions and Births?. Population Research and Policy Review, 30(3), 381-397.
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    Lain, S. J., Ford, J. B., Raynes‐Greenow, C. H., Hadfield, R. M., Simpson, J. M., Morris, J. M., and Roberts, C. L. (2009). The Impact of the Baby Bonus Payment in New South Wales:Who Is Having “One for the Country”?. Medical Journal of Australia, 190(5), 238-241.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    109258002
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0109258002
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/NCCU202200775
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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