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    Title: Construction of Religious Communities Centering around Zhuang Shamans
    Authors: 高雅寧
    Kao, Ya-Ning
    Contributors: 民族系
    Date: 2018-03
    Issue Date: 2022-10-07 11:25:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: This paper explores how Zhuang 壯 shamans (Zh. moed) in Guangxi, China establish and maintain their religious communities through spiritual, professional and supporter networks which are developed via shamanic rites of passage and annual rites. Zhuang shamans, most of whom are women, rely on these three intertwined networks to solidify their status and influence in local communities. A shaman candidate constructs her/his connection to deceased ritual masters and spirit soldiers passively at the beginning of the professional network. Then she/he looks for a Daoist master and a shaman master to teach her/him to carry out spirit journeys and rituals. A shaman disciple, along with both a Daoist master and shaman master and other apprentices constitute a ritual family and create a professional network. In addition, each shaman attracts clients whenever she/he conduct household or communal rituals. Certain clients might eventually become faithful supporters and form a network of supporters who introduce more clients to their preferred shamans. The three networks function in both shamanic rites of passage, such as the initiation rite of putting on the cap, or the advancement rite of putting on the second or third cap, and the shaman’s funeral and annual rites such as offering rice wine to deceased ritual masters or the rite of burning spirit clothes. The spiritual networks of Zhuang shamans legitimize their status, while professional networks enhance their ability to work with other specialists, and networks of supporters provide assistance for the demanding work of frequently being called to perform rituals.
    Relation: 2018 annual conference of Association for Asian Studies, AAS
    Data Type: conference
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Ethnology] Proceedings

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