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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/143775


    Title: 台灣所得分配之動態門檻分析
    Analysis of Income Inequality in Taiwan: Dynamic Panel Threshold Model
    Authors: 廖子萱
    Liao, Tzu-Syuan
    Contributors: 洪福聲
    廖子萱
    Liao, Tzu-Syuan
    Keywords: 動態門檻
    所得分配
    倒U型理論
    Dynamic Threshold
    Income Distribution
    Inverted U-shape Theory
    Date: 2023
    Issue Date: 2023-03-09 18:23:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究使用動態門檻模型分析台灣各縣市2009年至2018年年平均每人所得與所得五等分位差距倍數之間是否存在Kuznets曲線關係。實證結果發現各縣市年平均每人所得上升不利於所得分配,並且存在門檻效果。當年平均每人所得超過428,823元時,年平均每人所得的上升加劇所得差距幅度更大,因此並不符合Kuznets的倒U型理論。另外,當大專及以上學歷人口佔總人口比率愈高,以及女性勞動參與率愈高時,所得不均程度會上升;而當老年人口比率愈高、自有住宅率愈高時,所得不均程度會下降。對此實證結果有以下建議:政府可透過減輕租屋負擔與降低資本所得差距,進而改善所得不均;而老年人口增加會使貧富差距下降的結果並無法確認是來自老年人口均貧或是均富,但政府仍須加強針對老年人口經濟安全的保障。
    This study uses a dynamic threshold model to analyze whether there is a Kuznets curve relationship between the average per capita income and the ratio of household income, top 20% to lowest 20% of Taiwan from 2009 to 2018. The empirical results show that the average per capital income exacerbates income gap with a threshold effect. In particular, when the average per capita income exceeds NT$428,823 dollars, the increase in the average per capita income aggravates the income gap to a greater extent than when it is below NT$428,823 dollars. Thus, Kuznets` inverted U-shaped theory is not observed in Taiwan. Additionally, when the proportion of the population with college education and above in the total population is higher, and the female labor force participation rate is higher, the degree of income inequality will increase; when the proportion of the elderly population is higher and the rate of home ownership is higher, the degree of income inequality will decrease. The following suggestions are made for this empirical result: the government can improve income inequality by reducing the burden of renting housing to reducing the gap between capital and income. However, it cannot be confirmed whether the result of the positive relationship between elderly population and income inequality is due to elders all become poor or rich, but the government still needs to strengthen social security for the elderly population.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    110258003
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0110258003
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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