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    Title: 盧梭與尼采:文化病理學的視野
    Rousseau and Nietzsche: In the Horizon of Cultural Pathology
    Authors: 賴傳升
    Lai, Chuan-Sheng
    Contributors: 葉浩
    Yeh, Hao
    賴傳升
    Lai, Chuan-Sheng
    Keywords: 盧梭
    尼采
    文化病理學
    生命政治
    人文醫學
    Rousseau
    Nietzsche
    Cultural Pathology
    Biopolitics
    Medical Humanities
    Date: 2023
    Issue Date: 2023-03-09 18:41:58 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文欲在政治思想史的意義下,以文化病理學的框架去比較盧梭與尼采的文本與觀點,補充思想史在身心與文化連結的論述中所佔據的關鍵缺角。筆者將首先勾勒以病理學重構思想史之脈絡、說明本文的關懷與定位,並在正式章節中透過疾病觀的擴充以及社會病理學的框架拉開本文的比較架構(病徵、病因與處方),再以這三個主題疏理盧梭與尼采的文本與觀點。
    筆者認為盧梭與尼采的形象一反Leo Strauss的現代性先驅之觀點,應為批判現代性的文化醫生先驅。兩者在許多社會問題的剖析上都有相似且深刻的著眼點,認為現代性的病徵表現在對人類真實生命的束縛,並且閹割人類的感知與本能。欲尋找病因,則需透過認識人類自身的關鍵──心理推演的方法,去尋找人類處境中的偶然性起源。在處方上,儘管藥方的內容有所不同,兩者都有從個體層次的洗禮談到集體治療的面向論及健康文化的打造。
    透過兩者的文本比較,能相互映照出各自對於生命的深層論述以及多重的詮釋上限,而盧梭的生命觀也因為在尼采的論點得到更多地補充與深入討論的空間。兩者的論點與研究框架除了在社會病理學的學科研究種有著極大的意義與參考價值,其對於社會、身心的深刻觀點亦能在人文醫學、人類學的領域中找到先驅性、嫁接性的價值。
    This article intends to compare the viewpoints of Rousseau and Nietzsche within the framework of cultural pathology. The purpose is to make supplement on the critical gap as a piece of puzzle in the history of political thought in the discussion of the connection between body, mind and culture. The author will first outline the blueprint of this reconstructed line, explaining the concern and position of this article. In the formal chapters, it will begin with expensing the concept of disease and organizing the context of social pathology, developing the structure of this article which is to compare Rousseau and Nietzsche through the themes of symptoms, etiology and prescription.
    The author argues that the images of Rousseau and Nietzsche are contrary to the views of Strauss’s (pioneers of modernity), but should be the pioneers of cultural doctors who criticize modernity. The two have similar focus on the analysis of society. They believed that the modernity manifested the restraint of human life, has reversed the human perception which become the obstacle for us to live a real life. To observe the cause, they both used psychological analysis to dig the real origin of ourselves, which human condition is non-linear and coincidental. Speaking of prescriptions, both mentioned the dimensions from the creating oneself to building healthy culture.
    Through the comparison we can see how Rousseau and Nietzsche reflect to each other, and Rousseau`s view of life has also gained more space for supplementation and in-depth discussion. The author believes that the research frameworks of the two not only have great significance and reference value in social pathology, but also having grafting value in the medical humanities and anthropology.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    政治學系
    107252020
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0107252020
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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