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    Title: 在資訊不對稱下的融資結構、逃漏稅與經濟成長
    Financial Structure, Tax Evasion, and Economic Growth under Information Asymmetry
    Authors: 胡雋
    Hu, Chuan
    Contributors: 洪福聲
    Hung, Fu-Sheng
    胡雋
    Hu, Chuan
    Keywords: 融資結構
    逃漏稅
    資訊不對稱
    地下經濟
    經濟成長
    Financial structure
    Tax evasion
    Information asymmetry
    Underground economy
    Economic growth
    Date: 2023
    Issue Date: 2023-07-06 16:40:07 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文結合了內生經濟成長模型、資訊不對稱、廠商逃漏稅以及廠商對融資結構的選擇,試圖建立並解釋廠商逃漏稅與金融發展程度之間負向的關係。本文先建立廠商逃稅的策略,接著分析當廠商選擇不同融資結構時的預期報酬,並討論政府在廠商選擇不同的融資結構時所能極大化社會福利的最適逃漏稅稽查機率。在政府目標為極大化社會福利的假設下,透過本研究的數值模擬發現:逃漏稅稽查機率越高會使廠商逃漏稅的程度降低;當廠商選擇股權融資時,最適逃漏稅稽查機率會大於當廠商選擇債權融資時的最適逃漏稅稽查機率。在過去文獻所定義股權融資的出現以及廠商對股權融資的依賴上升為金融發展下,本文發現金融發展程度較高對應到較低的廠商逃漏稅情形,與實證結果一致。
    This study seeks to establish and elucidate a negative relationship between financial development and the level of firms’ tax evasion, by integrating the endogenous growth model, information asymmetry, firms’ decision on tax evasion, and firms’ decision on financial structures. In this study, firms’ decision on tax evasion is first determined, followed by the calculation of firms’ expected consumption under various financial structures. Finally, the government’s optimal probabilities of tax auditing that maximized social welfare under different financial structures are determined. Assuming the government`s objective is to maximize social welfare, a numerical simulation of this model reveals that a higher probability of tax auditing corresponds to a lower level of corporate tax evasion. When firms opt for equity financing, the optimal probability of tax auditing is larger, compared to situations when firms decide on debt financing. Under the definition of the emergence of stock markets and firms’ increasing reliance on equity financing as financial development, it is found that higher levels of financial development correspond to milder firms’ tax evasion. These results align with recent empirical studies.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    108258007
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108258007
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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