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    Title: 婚姻與生育對工作生活平衡的影響
    The effect of marriage and childbearing on work-life balance
    Authors: 謝德名
    Hsieh, De-Ming
    Contributors: 黃柏鈞
    Huang, Po-Chun
    謝德名
    Hsieh, De-Ming
    Keywords: 通勤時間
    週工時
    工作移轉
    居家工作
    固定效果模型
    Commute time
    Working hour per week
    Job industry transform
    Work from home
    Fixed effects estimation
    Date: 2023
    Issue Date: 2023-07-10 11:52:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本文針對男性與女性面對「婚姻狀態改變」與「第一胎的出生」 兩個人生重大事件之後,如何調整工作與生活的平衡(Work-life bal- ance),以華人家庭動態資料庫(Panel Study of Family Dynamic)2004 年至 2020 年間共計 13 波的樣本資料進行固定效果模型分析。

    本文選取「薪資水準」、「一週總工時」、「通勤時間」、「一週家務勞 動時間」、「工作產業別」作為足以代表工作生活平衡的變數,實證結 果發現男性在其第一胎出生之後的薪資水準與通勤時間會顯著上升且 幅度大於女性,然而結婚對於此二者的衝擊並未像第一胎出生還要來 得大;家務勞動時間的部分無論男女均會在結婚後與第一胎出生之後 有顯著上升,但女性上升的幅度為男性的兩倍;一週總工時的部分, 婚姻與生育對男性工時不具任何影響,第一胎出生則是使女性的總工 時有暫時性的負向衝擊;最後,在工作產業轉移當中,男性在婚後比 女性更有可能轉移到不具彈性的產業類別。
    This thesis studies the adjustment of ”work-life balance” when people experience the incidence of marriage and child birth. I analyze this topic using13 waves Panel Study of Family Dynamic (PSFD) data from 2004 to 2020.

    I focus on monthly salary , work hours per week, commute time, housework hour per week and working industry as my main outcomes for the topic on work- life balance. The empirical evidence from fixed effects estimation suggests that men`s wages and commuting times significantly increase after the birth of their first child, and the increase is greater than that of women. However, marriage does not have as big of an impact on these two factors as the birth of the first child does. As for household labor time, both men and women show a significant increase after marriage and after the birth of their first child, but the increase for women is twice that of men. In terms of total weekly work hours, neither marriage nor childbirth has any effect on men`s work hours, but the birth of the first child has a temporary negative impact on women`s total work hours. Lastly, in terms of job industry transitions, men are more likely to switch to less flexible industries after marriage than women.
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    Delina, G. and Raya, R. P. (2016). Dilemma of work-life balance in dual-career couples-a study from the indian perspective. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 12(1):1–27.
    Dingel, J. I. and Neiman, B. (2020). How many jobs can be done at home? Journal of Public Economics, 189:104235.
    Gimenez-Nadal, J. I. and Molina, J. A. (2016). Commuting time and household respon- sibilities: Evidence using propensity score matching. Journal of Regional Science, 56(2):332–359.
    Goldin, C. (2014). A grand gender convergence: Its last chapter. American Economic Review, 104(4):1091–1119.
    Gu, Y., Guo, N., Wu, J., and Zou, B. (2021). Home location choices and the gender commute gap. Journal of Human Resources, pages 1020–11263R2.
    Liu, N.-C. and Wang, C.-Y. (2011). The effects of work-life bundles on organizational turnover and productivity. 人力資源管理學報, 11(3):75–95.
    Nilles, J. M. (1994). Making telecommuting happen: A guide for telemanagers and telecommuters.
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    Shamir, B. and Salomon, I. (1985). Work-at-home and the quality of working life. Academy of Management Review, 10(3):455–464.
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    張晉芬 (2017). 「性別平等了嗎? 男性和女性受僱者薪資差距解析」. 未竟的奇蹟: 轉型中的台灣經濟與社會, pages 159–188.
    徐美、陳明郎、方俊德 (2006). 「台灣產業結構變遷和性別歧視對男女薪資溢酬變 動趨勢之影響」. 經濟論文, 34(4):505–539.
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    .
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    賴宜靖 (2004). 「在家工作者之工作投入,性別分工,工作家庭界線管理與工作家
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    魯慧中、陳明賢 (2018). 「典型和非典型全日工作的工資差異–雙變數就業選擇之
    實證分析」. 經濟論文, 46(2):133–183.
    黃新亞 (2021). 「婚姻對勞動市場表現的影響」. 碩士論文,國立政治大學經濟學系.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    110258026
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0110258026
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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