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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/147085

    Title: 中國因素反作用力的政治經濟分析:澳洲、紐西蘭的比較研究
    Political Economic Analysis of China Factor’s Counteraction: A Comparative Study of Australia and New Zealand
    Authors: 張芸嘉
    Chang, Yun-Chia
    Contributors: 黃兆年
    Huang, Jaw-Nian
    Chang, Yun-Chia
    Keywords: 中國因素
    China factor
    local counteractor
    New Zealand
    Date: 2023
    Abstract: 中國政府長年以經濟依賴為槓桿,在各國培育「在地協力者」施展作用力,試圖「以商逼政」,卻催生不少「在地抵抗者」與各國政府的反作用力。然而,爬梳各國反作用力經驗可以發現,每個政府的反作用力強度不盡相同,究竟是什麼原因造成差異?哪些因素有助政府強化反作用力?


    China has cultivated "local collaborators" in various countries to exert influence and achieve its political objectives through economic dependence. This approach has also given rise to "local counteractors", resulting in a global wave of counteraction against China. However, there has been various strength of counteraction in different countries. What are the key factors causing these differences? Which factors contribute to counteracting China’s influence?

    Based on the framework of international political economy interactions, this thesis proposes a theory from an external perspective. It suggests that the government`s counteraction against China is driven by three systematic factors: the degree and the characteristic of economic dependence on China, and the policy diffusion. It is hypothesized that countries with higher dependence on China are more likely to counteract China’s influence. Moreover, countries with bidirectional interdependence on China will exhibit stronger counteraction compared to those with unidirectional dependence. Additionally, the government’s counteraction will be strengthend if it’s allies and international organizations adopt a policy stance against China`s influence.

    The thesis conducted a two-stage analysis: the first stage employed longitudinal case studies to trace the process of Australia and New Zealand being influenced by China factors and generating counteraction from 2012 to 2021. It is found that both countries have a high level of economic dependence on China, and their governments exert counteraction after the local counteractors weaken the local collaborators. The second stage is a comparative case study of the two governments’ counteraction. It is found that Australia is bidirectionally interdependent with China due to its transnational economic advantages. Moreover, Australia has a more extensive transnational policy network with a consensus on countering China`s influence. On the other hand, New Zealand is unidirectionally dependent on China due to the lack of transnational economic advantages. Additionally, it lacks the extensive international policy network with a consensus on countering China`s influence, which limits policy diffusion. As a result, Australia has developed the more positive and powerful counteraction in terms of legislation, policies, and discourse compared to New Zealand.
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0108252015
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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