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    Title: 從中國大陸治港政策的實施論香港人自我認同之變化
    How has China’s Hong Kong Policy influenced Hong Kongers’identification?
    Authors: 顏呈祐
    Yen, Cheng-Yu
    Contributors: 蔡中民
    顏呈祐
    Yen, Cheng-Yu
    Keywords: 香港
    本土主義
    認同
    北京當局
    Hong Kong
    Localism
    Recognition
    Chinese Government
    Date: 2023
    Issue Date: 2024-02-01 11:15:05 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 2019年的反修例運動事件,表面上是為了撤回《逃犯條例》的修改以保障香港人的言論自由與行動自由的事件,實際上,卻同時隱含了「中港矛盾」之間的問題。
    這個矛盾,從《香港民意研究所》當中的認同問題方面,就可以發現。根據《香港民意研究所》的統計,在2008年6月的時候,香港人的中國人認同達到38.6%,相較之下,在當時,香港人認同卻只有18.1%,然而,到了10年後的2018年6月,香港認為自己使中國人的認同下跌到17.8%,反觀香港人認同上升到了40.7%。
    為何會有如此的改變?早在2003年反對23條立法的七一遊行的時候,就已經可以看到了香港人和北京當局之間的矛盾。對於香港人來說,自由民主以及維持港英政府的生活方式是他們的基本價值,然而,對於北京當局來說,卻是要避免香港變成「顛覆中央」的基地,尤其在1989年六四事件之後,由於香港人強力的聲援,也讓北京當局對於政權會因為香港而被顛覆的擔憂上升。如此的矛盾,變成了北京當局與香港人之間的矛盾的根源。而這個矛盾又是如何進一步發展成本土認同?就是本研究需要進行觀察的部分,觀察北京當局對於香港的政策如何影響香港人的認同轉變。
    本研究從歷史分析、個案分析以及關鍵字分析這三個分析當中,瞭解了香港人對於北京當局的態度背景,北京當局對於香港的政策對香港人認同的影響以及香港人的認同轉變之後,會有什麼不同的反應,藉此了解香港人在回歸後到現在的認同如何從「建設民主中華」逐漸轉向「本土認同」,以及轉向本土認同之後,對於各種不同事件的反應變化。
    In the surface, the protest in Hong Kong between 2019 and 2020 is protest to the revise of Fugitive Offenders and Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Legislation Amendment Bill because it will influence the freedom speech and the freedom of movement. However, it also featured the problem about the complex between Beijing Administration (Chinese Government) and Hong Kong.
    This method also features in the opinion polls. According to the opinion polls by Hong Kong Public Opinion Research Institute (HKPORI), in June 2008, Chinese Recognition in Hong Kong was 38.6%, Hongkonger Recognition in Hong Kong was only 18.1%, however, in 10 years later, June 2018, Chinese recognition decreased to 17.8%, Hongkonger recognition increased to 40.2%.
    Why did the recognition in Hong Kong had this tremendous change? It seems to come from the complex between Chinese Government and Hongkongers. In fact, in the protest about the legislation of Basic Law Article 23, the complex had appeared. To Hongkongers, liberty and democracy are the fundamental value to them, furthermore, they also want to sustain the way of life in British rule. To Chinese Government, they fear about Hong Kong become the basis of overthrow them, especially the support about Hongkongers in 1989 Tiananmen Square Protests. These two powers made the complex about Chinese Government and Hongkongers. The research will observe how the complex between Chinese Government and Hongkongers make the localism in Hong Kong rises.
    The research will describe the reason of Hongkonger’s identity, Chinese Government’s attitude toward Hongkongers and how Hongkongers identity change to response the similar identity toward localism, and what response about them. It can see Hongkonger’s identity change from “Establish Chinese Democracy” to “Localism” after the handover of Hong Kong in 1997.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    政治學系
    109252004
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0109252004
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 學位論文

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