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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/20534

    Title: 既重用又防範的菁英甄補:中共海歸派高官的仕途發展與侷限
    Other Titles: Elite Recruitment with Restraints: The Political Career of Oversea-returned Chinese Ranking Officials and Its Limitation
    Authors: 寇健文
    Kou, Chien-Wen
    Keywords: 海歸派;菁英甄補;留學;中共;民主化
    oversea-returned students;elite recruitment;China;democratization
    Date: 2007-09
    Issue Date: 2008-12-30 15:16:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 海歸派高官的基本特徵是什麼?擔任哪些職務?具有哪些海歸經驗?在中國政治發展中扮演什麼角色?這些都是本文探討的課題。分析165位目前擔任副省部級以上職務的中共海歸派高官之後,本文發現海歸派高官具有下列特徵:(1)在全體副省部級高官的比例不到百分之十,比例很低;(2)多數是公派出國攻讀學位或進修研究;(3)學科專業集中在自然科學與經貿管理,社會科學與法學所佔比例都不高;(4)多數在政府技術經貿部門工作和大學研究單位工作,缺少地方黨政一把手的歷練;(5)多數滯留海外時間不到兩年;(6)非中共黨籍海歸派高官的比例高達兩成五,但多半只能擔任副省部級職務,或在全國人大政協擔任領導人級職務。
    The article explores the characteristics of Chinese ranking officials with oversea study backgrounds and examines the role of these oversea-returned officials in Chinese political development. After analyzing 165 returned students currently holding posts at the vice minister level or above, this article finds (1) their share in the total ranking officials at the vice minister level or above is less than 10%; (2) they usually are public funded to study abroad for a degree or for a short-term training and research program; (3) most of them major in natural science and engineering, or economics and management; (4) the majority of these elites work in technical and professional ministries in the government, or in major universities and research institutes; (5) their oversea study duration is usually less than two years; and (6) a quarter of these ranking cadres are not members of the Chinese Communist Party.
    These findings reveal, as this article argues, that Chinese leaders are willing to put West-trained returned students in important posts in order to promote economic growth but, take measures to prevent these returned students from becoming a source of promoting political reform. West-trained returned students are absent in the systems of organization, propaganda, ideology, military and national security. China is also less willing to promote those who are self-funded and spend a long duration in study abroad. Therefore, the role of West-trained returned students in China's democratic transition cannot be overestimated.
    Relation: 中國大陸研究, 50(3), 1-28
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 期刊論文
    [中國大陸研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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