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    题名: A standard procedure enhances the correlation between subjective and objective measures of sleepiness.
    作者: 楊建銘;Yang, CM;Lin, FW
    日期: 2004
    上传时间: 2008-12-31 11:17:17 (UTC+8)
    摘要: OBJECTIVE:

    The goal of this study was to assess whether instituting a standard procedure to minimize transient activation prior to the subjective rating of sleepiness can improve the predictive value of the rating process.

    METHODS:

    Thirty young adults, aged 19 to 26 years, participated in the study. Subsequent to sleeping at home with bedtime restricted to 5 hours, they came to the sleep laboratory. They were instructed to rate their level of sleepiness on the Stanford Sleepiness Scale (SSS) and visual analog scales (VAS). A "calm-down" procedure, sitting quietly with eyes closed for 1 minute, was instituted prior to sleepiness ratings for half of the subjects (experimental group) but not for the other half of the subjects (control group). A nap trial with polysomnographic recording was then conducted, followed by a vigilance test.

    RESULTS:

    For the experimental group, VAS results of "sleepiness" and "alertness" both correlated significantly with sleep-onset latency during the nap (SOL: r = -.62 and .64, respectively, P values < .05) and with reaction time (RT) on the vigilance test (r = .56 and -.54, P values < .05). The SSS ratings showed significant correlation with nap SOL (r = -.58, P < .05) but not with RT on the vigilance test (r = .19, p = .52). For the control group, none of the subjective ratings showed significant correlation with objective measures. The differences between the resultant correlations for the 2 groups were statistically significant for 2 sets of correlations: the correlation between VAS of "alertness" and nap SOL and the correlation between VAS of "sleepiness" and RT on the vigilance test.

    CONCLUSION:

    The results indicate that the subjective ratings of the sleepiness state for individuals with mild sleep restriction more faithfully reflect a physiologic tendency to fall asleep as well as cognitive attentiveness when the ratings are conducted subsequent to sitting still with eyes closed for a sufficient time to minimize transient activation.
    關聯: Sleep, 27(2), 329-332
    数据类型: article
    显示于类别:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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