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    政大機構典藏 > 傳播學院 > 新聞學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/29781
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/29781


    Title: 解構流行文化的權力軌跡-試析台灣漫畫文化
    Authors: 劉平君
    Liu, Ping-chun
    Contributors: 蔡錚雲
    Tsai, Cheng-yun
    劉平君
    Liu, Ping-chun
    Keywords: 流行文化
    權力
    傅柯
    德希達
    解構
    漫畫
    popular culture
    power
    Foucault
    Derrida
    comics
    Date: 2002
    Issue Date: 2009-09-11 16:18:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究論述流行文化研究面向,提出解讀到解構的權力觀視,並以台灣漫畫文化的權力解析,彰顯流行文化的解構閱讀,以解構流行文化的權力軌跡。
    由於流行文化是權力開展與抗爭、現代社會再生產和變遷之重要所在,而這一切都在表意實踐過程中完成,因此,流行文化研究要從權力的面向,檢視流行文化的多樣表意實踐和過程,以及構築此表意實踐的權力鬥爭關係。
    不過,要如何檢視流行文化場域的權力鬥爭關係?由於權力總是處於多元交錯鬥爭的動態狀態,使得權力差異關係重疊加強、衝突削弱、鬥爭滲透,形成權力差異程度和樣態的不斷變動,而這種權力交錯鬥爭的動態狀態體現在表意實踐過程中,並經由表意實踐過程再生產且變異了權力差異關係。因此,檢視流行文化場域的權力關係,就是要由流行文化的表意實踐過程,讀出意義衝突互文的動態(差異)痕跡,也讀出權力差異關係交錯鬥爭的動態(差異)軌跡。
    但是,解讀流行文化的權力軌跡可以彰顯權力的運作,並達到抗拒權力的目的嗎?由於意義無法固定,意義在權力總是交錯鬥爭的動態運作下,經由意義的鬥爭而流動變遷,這意義的歧異雖然造就了權力差異關係的再生產與變遷,但也再生產了權力的控制。所以,我們的表意活動總是被交錯鬥爭的權力所驅動,我們總是在權力的引導下從事意義的鬥爭與變遷,也總是在權力的動員下藉由意義的表徵來維繫、抗爭和變遷我們所在的權力關係位置,並再生產出權力。事實上,權力就是要建構一個流動的封閉世界,一個在權力操控中,意義和權力差異關係永恆動態(差異)發展,以再生產出權力的封閉世界。
    因此,在這樣一種由權力所動員的意義和權力差異關係永恆動態發展中,解讀流行文化的權力軌跡,其再現流行文化的表意活動中,受權力操控的意義鬥爭流變痕跡,也再現與其互動連結的權力差異關係變動軌跡,但卻無法呈現背後操控的權力運作。
    不過,權力夢想全面封閉意義的慾望卻也從來未曾達到過,在權力操控意義鬥爭以再生產出變動自己的過程中,總是出現權力無法控制的意義,這滑開權力之手的意異,它不寄望未來,也沒有抗爭慾望,它只是玩耍嬉樂的意異遊戲,然而,就是這樣的隨意散漫,就是這樣的遊戲體質,反而溢出意義與權力的互動連結,使權力之網產生裂痕,暴露出權力的運作,也侵蝕了權力的控制。
    因此,流行文化是權力動員意義和權力差異關係互動變遷以再生產出權力的場域,更是庶民得以近用,從事意異遊戲,以暴露權力、侵蝕權力的場域。
    所以,流行文化研究要讀出流行文化場域中意異遊戲的痕跡,並同時成為流行文化意義的意異遊戲,故而,流行文化研究需要解構的閱讀,以解構流行文化的權力軌跡,其以讀出流行文化場域的意異遊戲痕跡,成為流行文化意義的意異遊戲,如此,才不會陷入受權力動員並再生產出權力的永恆循環中,也才能滑開權力之手,暴露並阻礙流行文化場域的權力運作,彰顯並消解流行文化場域的權力運作痕跡。最後,本研究並以台灣漫畫文化權力軌跡的解析,彰顯流行文化解構閱讀的必需性。
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    三、網路部分
    1.Darren,「淺談台灣漫畫環境」,comic unlimit網站。
    2.Jo-Jo,「哈日族到底哈的是什麼日」,傻呼嚕同盟網站。
    3.八媚,「漫畫大師 敖幼祥 新花蓮人 築夢踏實」,時報名家檔案網站。
    4.張鼎,「漫畫產業從E轉變」,老貓漫畫日報網站。
    5.聖院,「日本動漫畫之行銷」,ACG聯合公會網站。
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    30. 張如鈞(1990),兒童幽默的發展-對幽默漫畫的欣賞與理解,國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
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    38. 童琬芬(2002),青少年漫畫閱讀文化之研究—以台北都會區兩所國中為例,國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
    39. 楊珮芬(2002),臺北市國民中學圖書室提供漫畫書之研究,國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文。
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    41. 楊大春(1995a),傅柯,台北:生智文化。
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    43. 楊大春(1996),後結構主義,台北:揚智。
    44. 黎勉旻(1998),漫畫消費空間初探-以台北市為例,國立台灣師範大學地理研究所碩士論文。
    45. 蔡州宙(1999),台北市國小中高年級學生漫畫人物認同之研究,台北市立師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
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    47. 蔡東機(2000),300倍奇蹟,台北:方智。
    48. 鄭俊皇(1999),漫畫於視覺上的應用研究-以擬音字與閱讀順為中心,國立雲林科技大學視覺傳達系碩士論文。
    49. 歐陽瑜(1991),我國日報政治漫畫的內容分析-民國七十五年七月至七十八年六月,私立輔仁大學大眾傳播研究所碩士論文。
    50. 歐琇瑜(1997),以幻想主題取徑探討台灣流行漫畫的價值觀,輔仁大學大眾傳播研究所碩士論文。
    51. 歐崇敬(1998),從結構主義到解構主義,台北:揚智文化。
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    55. 賴怡伶(2000),台灣少女漫畫發展與文本創作分析研究,國立成功大學藝術研究所碩士論文。
    56. 賴靜鳳(2000),卡通人物商標與製造商品牌對消費者購買意願影響之研究,國立成功大學國際企業研究所碩士論文。
    57. 蕭湘文(2000a),「讀者對報紙評論漫畫理解度之初探性研究-評論漫畫理解度測量指標建構的基礎」,民意研究季刊,第二一一期,頁95-122。
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    6.Ammons, D.N. et al(1988),”Unapproved Imagemakers: Political Cartoonist’ Topic Selection, Objectives and Perceived Restrictions”, Newspaper Research Journal, Vol.9(3),pp.79-90.
    7.Barcus, F.E. (1961),”A Content Analysis of Trends in Sunday Comics, 1900- 1959”, Journalism Quarterly, Vol.38 (1), pp.171-180.
    8.Barker, M. (1989). Comics: Ideology, Power and Critics. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press.
    9.Best, J.J.(1986),”Editorial Cartoonist: A Deceptive Survey”, Newspaper Research Journal, Vol.7(2), pp.29-37.
    10.Best, S. and D. Kellner (1991). Postmodern Theory-Critical Interrogations. New York: The Guilford Press.
    11.Berger, A.A. (1988), “Politics in The Comics”, in Berger, A.A.(eds.). Media USA-Process and Effect. New York and London: Longman, pp.31-43.
    12.Berger, A.A. (1996). Manufacturing Desire-Media, Popular Culture, and Everyday Life. New Brunswick and London: Transaction.
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    18.Bruce, D.R. (2001),” Notes Toward a Rhetoric of Animation: The Road Runner as Cultural Critique”, Critical Studies in Media Communication, Vol.18 (2), pp.229- 245.
    19.Cooper-Chen, Anne (2001),” The Dominant Trope: Sex, Violence, and Hierarchy in Japanese Comics for Men”, in M.P. McAllister, E.H. Sewell, Jr. and I. Gordon (2001)(eds.). Comic and Ideology. New York: Peter Lang, pp.99-127.
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    22.Dean, G.N. (1997), “The “Phallacies” of Dyke Comic Strips”, in T. Foster, C. Siegel and E.E. Berry (eds.). The Gay ’90s, New York and London: New York University Press. pp.199-223.
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    25.Derrida, J. (1976). Of Grammatology. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
    26.Derrida, J. (1978). Writing and Difference. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
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    28.Dorfman, A. & Mattelare, A. (1975). How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic. London: International General Editions.
    Description: 博士
    國立政治大學
    新聞研究所
    86451502
    91
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0086451502
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[新聞學系] 學位論文

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