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    Title: 臺灣警力投入與犯罪防治效率分析- 資料包絡分析法之應用
    Police Force Investment and Relative Crime Prevention Efficiency in Taiwan :The Application of Data Envelopment Analysis
    Authors: 紀欣儀
    Chi, Hsin-yi
    Contributors: 魏國棟
    紀欣儀
    Chi, Hsin-yi
    Keywords: 三階段資料包絡分析法
    警力投入
    犯罪防治效率
    Three-Stage Data Envelopment Analysis
    Police Force Investment
    Relative Crime Prevention Efficiency
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2009-09-14 13:40:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   犯罪防治在各縣市警察機關勤務中具有一定的重要性,本研究目的在於評估各縣市警察機關執行治安與犯罪預防之相對效率。因為內政部將各縣市警察機關分成直轄市、甲級與乙級等三級制,故相對警力投入非常不一致,對犯罪預防效率會產生干擾,為將此項外在環境因素所造成的干擾排除,本研究採取三階段資料包絡分析法,針對臺灣23個縣市警察局,在民國93至95年間,建立評估相對效率之實證模型。研究結果發現未排除環境因素干擾前,臺灣地區各縣市警察局的治安與犯罪預防之平均相對規模效率高於純技術效率,顯示治安與犯罪預防之無效率應為生產技術的影響;此外,甲級縣市警察局的總技術效率值最高,反之,直轄市警察局的治安與犯罪防治效率為最低。在排除環境因素干擾後,臺灣地區各縣市警察局平均治安與犯罪預防相對效率有輕微下降現象,其中,乙級縣市警察局的治安與犯罪防治效率,反而上升到為最高。此外,乙級縣市警察局呈現高比例的規模報酬遞減現象,表示乙級縣市警察局應縮減其所分配到的經費規模,反之,甲級縣市警察局呈現高比例的規模報酬遞增現象,表示甲級縣市警察局應相對增加所得到經費;至於,直轄市警察局的治安與犯罪防治效率並不好,並且,在第三階段分析結果顯示應該再增加直轄市警察局的經費投入,方有助於提升其治安與犯罪防治效率,但是目前直轄市警察局所分配到的警力與經費,已高於甲級與乙級縣市警察局很多,可知,目前直轄市警察局的高額警力投入,可能不完全為提升與改善治安與犯罪防治效率,而應還有其它的重要工作項目,如政府維安,交通維護等。
    The role of crime prevention plays an important role for each county’s police department in Taiwan. This study employs three-stage data envelopment analysis to evaluate the relative crime prevention efficiency among 23 counties police departments in Taiwan from 2004 to 2006. National Police Agency classifies these 23 counties police departments by three categories, A, B and C, in terms of the amount of police force investment. Based on the first-stage analysis, it concludes that relative crime prevention inefficiency for each county comes from the inappropriate police force investment. There are no significant different results in the third-stage analysis. A class, Taipei City and Kaohsiung City police departments which have highest police force investment, have relative lower crime prevention efficiency. However, the C class counties’ police departments, such as Yunlin County and Pingtung County, with lowest police force investment have better performance with highest crime prevention efficiency. And, B class counties’ police departments, such as Taipei County, Kaohsiung County, and Taichung City, with relative higher police force investment have second best performance in crime prevention efficiency. Therefore, this study suggests that the budget of police force investment needs reallocation among three different categories of police departments; the police departments of Taipei City and Kaohsiuang City may consider cutting down some non-related crime prevention services.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政研究所
    95255012
    96
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0095255012
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[財政學系] 學位論文

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