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    Title: 閱讀環境、玩興、父母創意教養與國小中、高年級學童科技創造力之關係
    The Relationships among Reading Environment, Playfulness, Creative Parenting and Technological Creativity of the Third and Fifth Graders
    Authors: 王昕馨
    Hsin Hsin,Wang
    Contributors: 葉玉珠
    Yu-Chu,Yeh
    王昕馨
    Hsin Hsin,Wang
    Keywords: 國小、中高年級學童
    科技創造力
    閱讀環境
    玩興
    父母創意教養
    elementary school
    the third and fifth graders
    technological creativity
    reading environment
    playfulness
    creative parenting
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2009-09-17 14:50:42 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討閱讀環境、玩興、父母創意教養與國小中、高年級學童科技創造力之關係。研究參與者來自台北市的國小中、高年級,有效樣本計374人。本研究所採用的研究工具包括「科技創造力測驗」、「家庭閱讀環境量表」、「班級閱讀環境量表」、「兒童玩興量表」及「父母創意教養量表」。資料分析所用之統計方法包括描述統計、單因子多變量變異數分析及線性結構模式分析。
    本研究主要發現如下:
    1.不同性別的三、五年級學童對家庭閱讀環境、班級閱讀環境、玩興的知覺皆無差異,但在父母創意教養的知覺上和科技創造力的表現上卻有差異。三、五年級女童對於父母創意教養的感知程度皆些微地優於男童;而三、五年級男童在整體創造力測驗上皆優於女童,且五年級男童比女童有更好的「視覺造型」表現。
    2.不同年級的三、五年級學童在家庭閱讀環境、班級閱讀環境、玩興、父母創意教養的知覺程度上和科技創造力的表現上有顯著差異。五年級學童除了在科技創造力的表現上有高於三年級學童的傾向外,在閱讀環境、玩興、父母創意教養的知覺程度上皆有低於三年級學童的傾向。
    3.三、五年級學童的家庭閱讀環境對其整體科技創造力表現分別有些微和明顯的正效果,而五年級學童在「精進力」指標的表現尤其顯著。
    4.三年級學童的班級閱讀環境對其整體科技創造力表現有正效果,反之,五年級則無。而三年級學童在「視覺造型」指標的表現尤其顯著。
    5.三、五年級學童的玩興對其整體科技創造力表現皆有正效果。三年級學童在「精進力」、「視覺造型」指標的表現較顯著,五年級則在「流暢力」、「精進力」上較顯著。
    6.五年級學童的父母創意教養對其整體科技創造力表現有正效果,但三年級學童只對「視覺造型」指標之表現有正效果。而五年級學童在「精進力」指標之表現尤其顯著。
    7.家庭閱讀環境、班級閱讀環境、玩興、父母創意教養似乎對三年級學童的「視覺造型」指標較有預測效果,而對五年級學童則是在「精進力」指標較有效果。
    8.三、五年級學童皆透過閱讀環境、父母創意教養,先對玩興產生直接或間接效果,然後才對學童科技創造力產生間接的影響效果。
    最後,本研究依據上述的研究結果進行討論,並提出相關建議,以供教育、心輔等相關人員在課程、教學與輔導上之參考。
    The main purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among reading environment, playfulness, creative parenting, and technological creativity of the third and fifth graders. The participants included 374 pupils from the elementary schools in Taipei City. The employed instruments in this study were the Test of Technological Creativity, the Inventory of Reading Environment in Family, the Inventory of Reading Environment in the Classroom, the Inventory of Playfulness, the Inventory of Creative Parenting. The employed analysis methods included Descriptives, One-Way Multiple Analysis of Variance, and Structural Equation Modeling.
    The main findings of this study were as follows:
    1.While the girls of the third and fifth graders perceived higher degree of creative parenting than did the boys, the boys outperformed the girls in technological creativity, especially in the “visual design”. No gender differences in reading environment and playfulness were found, however.
    2.There were significant grade differences in reading environment, playfulness, creative parenting, and technological creativity. More specifically, the fifth graders outperformed the third graders in technological creativity, but perceived lower degree of reading environment, playfulness, and creative parenting than did the third graders.
    3.The third graders’ reading environment in family had a little positive effect on their performance of technological creativity. One the contrary, the fifth graders’ reading environment in family had a great positive effect on their performance of technological creativity, especially on that of “elaboration”.
    4.The reading environment in the classroom had a positive effect on the third graders’ performance of technological creativity, especially on that of “visual design”. Such an effect, however, was not found among the fifth graders.
    5.Playfulness had significant effects on both the third and fifth graders’ performance of technological creativity. More specifically, playfulness had positive effects on the scores of “elaboration” and “visual design” among the third graders and had positive effects on those of “fluency” and “elaboration” among the fifth graders.
    6.Creative parenting had a positive effect on the fifth graders’ overall performance of technological creativity as well as on the score of “elaboration”. However, the positive effect of creative parenting was only found on score of “visual design” in the third grade.
    7.While reading environment, playfulness, and creative parenting were effective predictors of the third graders’ performance in “visual design”, they were effective predictors of the fifth graders’ performance in “elaboration”.
    8.The findings in this study suggest that the third and fifth graders’ personal trait of playfulness directly influence their development of technological creativity; meanwhile, their reading environment and creative parenting may influence their development of technological creativity directly or indirectly via playfulness.
    Finally, the researcher proposed some suggestions for educational instructions and future studies.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    幼兒教育所
    92157014
    95
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0921570141
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[幼兒教育研究所] 學位論文

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