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    Title: 財政地方分權在中國各地區經濟成長所扮演的角色
    The Role of Fiscal Decentralization in Regional Economic Growth in China
    Authors: 鄭安志
    Cheng, An-Chih
    Contributors: 黃智聰
    鄭安志
    Cheng, An-Chih
    Keywords: 財政地方分權
    中國
    經濟成長
    Fiscal decentralization
    China
    Economic Growth
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 10:58:19 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中國自1970年代末期改革以來,經濟的高速成長引起了舉世矚目,而在中國同時進行的多種改革之中,中央政府財政權力的下放地方,被認為是貢獻於其驚人經濟成長的重要因素之一。然而,中央的財政權力下放真的能夠刺激經濟正向的成長嗎?若回顧過去研究單一國家、或是進行跨國分析的相關實證文獻,都無法在財政地方分權化與經濟成長間關係,產生一致的結論;有些實證文獻甚至指出,財政地方分權化對經濟成長產生了負面的影響。若單以中國為研究對象,過去的文獻也沒有一致的結論。
    本篇文章之研究目的,即為探討中國的財政地方分權化效果究竟如何。我們將利用中國的省級追蹤資料(panel data)來進行分析,財政地方分權化對於其地區性經濟成長,究竟存在著什麼樣的貢獻。於本研究中,將回顧現有文獻中,關於財政地方分權化對經濟成長影響之相關理論與實證文獻,且特別著重在以中國為研究主體之相關文獻。此外,本文也將清楚地介紹與說明,近幾年來中國財政地方分權化與其地區性經濟成長間關係之現況,且特別著重在地區別之比較。最後,為了確保本研究實證結果之可信度,本文將建立兩種實證模型,並將財政地方分權化變數之平方項加入實證模型中,試圖探析中國的財政地方分權化,對於其地區性經濟成長之完整影響效果如何。這樣的作法可能可以解釋,為何過去文獻對於此一問題之結論的不一致,也可以進一步獲得,使中國地區性經濟成長達最適之財政地方分權程度。
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of fiscal decentralization in China’s regional economic growth ever since fiscal reform was embarked upon in 1994. This study uses provincial-level data to analyze whether or not fiscal decentralization provides a positive effect for economic growth. Both theoretical papers and empirical papers related to the relationship between fiscal decentralization and economic growth are reviewed, particularly those focusing on China. However, in order to examine the role of fiscal decentralization in China’s regional economic growth, this study establishes two empirical models with the square term of fiscal decentralization as an independent variable. So doing might explain why past papers have inconstant conclusions to this problem and provides some important policy implications.
    Reference: 一、中文文獻
    上海財稅網,http://www.csj.sh.gov.cn/。
    王紹光(1997),《挑戰市場神話-國家在經濟轉型中的作用》。香港:牛津大學出版社。
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    二、英文文獻
    Agundez-Garcia, Ana (2000), “Fiscal Revenues Decentralization and Regional Economic Growth.” Paper Presented at the Progress of 40th Congress of the European Regional Science Association, 29th August-1st September. 2000.
    Akai, Nobuo and Masayo Sakata (2002), “Fiscal Decentralization Contributes to Economic Growth: Evidence from State-Level Cross-Section Data for the United States.” Journal of Urban Economics, 52, 93-108.
    Bahl, Roy W. and Johannes F. Linn (1992), Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries, New York: Oxford University Press.
    Bird, Richard M. (1993), “Threading the Fiscal Labyrinth: Some Issues In Fiscal Decentralization.” National Tax Journal, 46(2), 207-227.
    Bird, Richard M. and Cristine Wallich (1993), “Fiscal Decentralization and Intergovernmental Relations in Transition Economies: Towards a Systematic Framework of Analysis.” Country Economics Department Working Paper, World Bank, Washington D.C..
    Davoodi, Hamid and Heng-Fu Zou (1998), “Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study.” Journal of Urban Economics, 43, 244-257.
    Devarajan, Shantayanan, Vinaya Swaroop, Heng-Fu Zou (1996), “The Composition of Public Expenditure and Economic Growth.” Journal of Monetary Economics, 37, 313-344.
    Feder, Gershon (1983), “On Exports and Economic Growth.” Journal of Development Economics, 12, 59-73.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. (1945), “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” American Economic Review, 35, 519–530.
    Hill, Carter R., William E. Griffiths, and George E. Judge (2001), Undergraduate Econometrics, New York: John Wiley & Sons, c2001.
    Huang, Jr-Tsung, Chun-Chien Kuo, and An-Pang Kao (2003), “The Inequality of Regional Economic Development in China between 1991 and 2001.” Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 1(3), 273-285.
    Hyclak, Thomas (1996), “Structural Changes in Labor Demand and Unemployment in Local Labor Markets.” Journal of Regional Science, 36(4), 653-663.
    Iimi, Atsushi (2005), “Decentralization and Economic Growth Revisited: an Empirical Note.” Journal of Urban Economics, 57, 449-461.
    Jin, Jing and Heng-Fu Zou (2003), “Soft Budget Constraints on Local Government in China.” In Rodden, Eskeland, & Litvack (Eds.), Fiscal decentralization and the challenge of hard budget constraints, MIT Press.
    Jin, Jing and Heng-Fu Zou (2005), “Fiscal Decentralization, Revenue and Expenditure Assignments, and Growth in China.” Journal of Asian Economics, 16(6), 1047-1064.
    Knight, John and Li Shi (1999), “Fiscal Decentralization: Incentives, Redistribution and Reform in China.” Oxford Development Studies, 27(1), 5-32.
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    Ma, Jun (2000), The Chinese economy in the 1990s, New York: St. Martin's Press.
    Martinez-Vazquez, Jorge and Mark Rider (2005), “Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth: A Comparative Study of China and India.” International Studies Program Working Paper. Atlanta: Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    財政研究所
    93255028
    94
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0093255028
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[Department of Public Finance] Theses

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