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    政大機構典藏 > 理學院 > 心理學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/36418
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/36418


    Title: 價值觀與少年犯罪行為之關係
    The relationship between human values and delinquency
    Authors: 呂嘉寧
    Lu, Chia-Ning
    Contributors: 許文耀
    呂嘉寧
    Lu, Chia-Ning
    Keywords: 少年
    少年犯罪行為
    價值觀
    Date: 1997
    Issue Date: 2009-09-18 18:31:15 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究旨在探討少年自我覺知的內外在價值觀差異與親子關係、師生關係、同儕關係、情緒狀況和偏差及犯罪行為之間的關聯性。
    本研究以在學國中生及少年輔育院國中班院生為受試對象,實得樣本共400人,男女生各半。研究使用的工具為自編之基本資料問卷、「價值觀量表」、「情緒狀況量表」、「親子關係量表」、「同儕關係量表」、「師生關係量表」、「偏差及犯罪行為量表」。
    研究主要的發現有,在價值觀方面,少年的價值觀較偏重在以自己周遭的人為中心的價值觀,而少年認為父母親較重視自我滿足,認為老師較重視社會國家價值及道德行為。
    在少年自我覺知的內外在價值觀差異方面,犯罪少年覺知自我與外在他人在價值系統上的差異較一般少年大,而男生在價值系統上的差異較女生來得大。
    在親子關係、師生關係、同儕關係、情緒狀況和偏差及犯罪行為方面,犯罪少年與父母、老師及同儕之間的依附關係比一般少年來得差,有較多的情緒障礙,犯罪行為的頻率及種類也較多。且對一般少年及犯罪少年而言,親子關係皆是影響其情緒狀況的重要因素。
    在少年自我覺知的內外在價值觀差異與依附關係、情緒狀況和偏差及犯罪行為之間的關係方面,犯罪少年自我覺知的親子間價值觀差異對偏差及犯罪行為有直接的影響,而犯罪少年自我覺知的同儕間價值觀差異則會先影響情緒狀況,再影響其偏差及犯罪行為。
    根據本研究的結果提出以下幾個對親職教育與學校教育的建議﹕1.重視親子間互動關係,溝通親子間價值觀差異,並維持良好親子關係﹔2.敏感及重視少年的情緒問題,藉由改善親子及師生間的依附關係,來減輕少年的情緒障礙,以維護少年的身心健康及減少偏差及犯罪行為的發生。
    The purpose of this research is to explore the relationship between thevalue differences of inside from outside which adolescents are aware of, parent-child relation, teacher-student relation, peer relation, emotional situation, deviant behaviors and juvenile delinquencies. There are 400 subjects.Half of the subjects are junior high school studentsand half are approved school students, besides males and females are half-and-half. The equipment includes basic data questionnaire, value questionnaire, emotional situation survey, parent-child relation survey, peer relation survey, teacher-student relation survey, deviant behavior and juvenile delinquency questionnaire.
    There are several main findings. First, adolescents mphasize the values that interrelate with the person snear themselves.
    Besides they feel their parents emphasize self-ratification and morals, and they feel their teachers emphasize social values and ethical behaviors. Second, delinquents aware more value differences of inside from outside than normal adolescents, and boys aware more value differences than girls. Third, delinquents have worse attachment to parents, teachers and peers,more emotional disturbances, and more juvenile delinquencies. Besides to allthe subjects, parent-child relation is a very important factor of emotional disturbances. Fourth, the value differences which delinquents aware between their parentsand themselves have a direct influence on delinquencies.
    Besides the value differences which delinquents aware detween peers and themselves influence their emotional situation at first then influence deviant behaviors and juvenile delinquencies. According to this research, there are several suggestions to make. First, parents should emphasize their interaction to their children, communicate withtheir children about their value differences, and keep parent-child relationwell. Second, grownups should emphasize and be sensitive ro adolescents' emotional problems. To reduce adolescents' emotional disturbances, deviant behaviors and juvenile delinquencies, parents and teachers should improve theirattachment to adolescents.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    心理學研究所
    83752008
    86
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#B2002001734
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[心理學系] 學位論文

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