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    Title: 不同類型之公共建設對產業成本結構的影響-以中國製造業為例
    An estimation of the impact of the public infrastructure on the cost structure of manufacturing sector : a case study on China
    Authors: 張瀞方
    Chang, Ching Fang
    Contributors: 林祖嘉
    張瀞方
    Chang, Ching Fang
    Keywords: 公共建設
    超對數成本函數
    Public Instructure
    Translog Cost Function
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-12-08 02:02:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 大陸自七零年代以來經濟快速發展,各界對大陸的市場前景和投資環境看好,紛紛登陸設廠。為因應經濟快速發展,中國政府積極發展國內之基礎建設,從八零年代過後加強重點建設,將能源、交通、教育及科學做為經濟發展的重點策略。而值得我們注意的是,公共資本的貢獻不僅僅是帶來經濟成長,也將會為產業帶來正向的外部效果,因此探討公共資本對產業帶來的效應,是否有助於提升產業生產力,進而降低產業生產成本,是個值得我們關注的議題。
      本研究以中國製造業廠商做為分析對象,將分別區分成不同產業及不同區域之廠商進行實證研究,針對同性質的廠商進行成本函數之建構,用以估計廠商之公共資本成本彈性,進而闡釋究竟哪些公共資本對製造業廠商有正向的外部效應,並更進一步探討公部門及私部門投入要素間的關係。
      本研究利用1998年至2006年工業企業數據調查資料庫之跨時橫斷面資料進行迴歸檢定分析,其結果發現基礎建設及教育資本會帶來正向的外部效益,可以有效降低製造業之成本,且教育資本比基礎建設對廠商的邊際效益大;而研發資本則無法提升廠商的生產效率。本文推論,中國研發資本投入遠遠低於基礎建設及教育資本,故研發資本並無法顯著提升製造業之生產力。因此中國於公共事業發展上,應以基礎建設及教育為發展要點,且教育方面的公共投資是最具效率的政策工具,將更有益於製造業廠商的生產。
    Reference: 一、中文部分
    王小魯(2000),"中國經濟成長的可持續性-跨世紀的回顧與展望",北京,經濟科學出版社,頁57-65。
    王品心(1998),"公共資本對製造業生產之影響--台灣地區之實證",未出版碩士論文,成功大學都市計劃研究所。
    吳蕙如(1990),"政府公共投資與製造業生產力之關係-理論與實證",未出版碩士論文,政治大學財政研究所。
    胡永泰(1998),"中國全要素生產率:來自農業部門勞動力在配置的首要作用",經濟研究,第三期,頁31-39。
    張光南、陳廣漢(2009),"基礎設施對中國製造業企業生產成本和投入要素的影響—基於中國1998—2005年27個製造業行業企業的面板數據分析",經濟研究。
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    97258013
    98
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097258013
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

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