English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 94986/125531 (76%)
Visitors : 31016472      Online Users : 453
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 商學院 > 統計學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/49599
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/49599


    Title: 葛特曼量表之拒答插補研究
    Authors: 左宗光
    Contributors: 江振東
    左宗光
    Keywords: 拒答
    葛特曼量表
    簡易插補
    多重插補
    最鄰近插補
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-12-08 14:52:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在抽樣調查的資料中,可能因為題意不清、關係到個人隱私,或是議題太過於敏感而導致受訪者「拒答」。透過存在拒答的樣本資料來做分析探討時,很可能會造成偏誤的研究結果,因此如何處理無反應的資料常常是一項研究結果是否可信的重要關鍵之一。常見的處理方式通常是設法對這些拒答資料進行插補。然而插補的好壞一直沒有一個判定準則,分析結果亦常因此受到質疑。
    本研究將針對葛特曼量表的資料型態,利用「正確率」的概念,用不同的插補方式,包括社會科學研究常使用的簡易插補法,以及多重插補法與最鄰近插補法等方法,透過計算正確率來比較插補的好壞以及推論適用的時機。本研究以「台灣社會變遷基本調查」第四期第三次的調查資料中,有關性態度的題目做為例子,將其中符合葛特曼量表的資料視為「黃金標準」,並按照其中拒答部分的形態,從黃金標準中製造拒答資料。隨著拒答率的上升,每種拒答形態對應的個數將等量放大。
    研究結果發現,簡易插補法的正確率可以透過公式推導求出。在這筆資料之下,不論何種簡易插補方法,其正確率都不超過32%,但隨著拒答型態與社會開放程度的不同,拒答率會有很大的變化。多重插補法之下的結果比簡易插補法略好一些,有接近33%的正確率,但從便利性來看使用簡易插補法就比多重插補法來的高。最鄰近插補法的正確率是相對比較高的,最高可以達到約47%,然而執行上比較花費時間,以及正確率有隨著拒答率的上升而下降的趨勢都是最鄰近插補法可能的問題。
    In a questionnaire survey、respondents may refuse to answer certain items since the questions themselves are unclear、sensitive、or relating to personal privacy. An analysis result using a data set containing refusal responses might be biased、how to deal with survey refusals have thus drawn much attention of late. One popular approach is through the use of imputation. However、lacking a criterion to evaluate its performances、there exist debates concerning the usefulness of this approach.
    In this study、we compare Simple imputation Method、Multiple Imputation Method、and Nearest Neighbor Method to deal with refusals in a set of survey items forming a Gittman scale in terms of imputation accuracy. Data are taken from the 2002 Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS)、and the items of interest are about sexual attitude. The parts of data that satisfy perfect Guttman scale are treat as 「Gold Standard」、and refusals are generated according to the original refusal pattern appear in the data.
    The result shows that the accuracy associated with Simple Imputation can actually be derived theoretically. No matter which version of Simple Imputation is applied、the accuracy is no more than 32%. Multiple Imputations performs slightly better than Simple Imputation、the accuracy is about 33%. However、it is less efficient in terms of computer time. Although Nearest Neighbor Method has the best performance the three、and its accuracy can reach as 47%、it requires much more computer time than the other two methods、and the accuracy would decrease as the refusal rate goes up.
    Reference: (一)中文部分
    陳信木、林佳瑩(1997)〈調查資料之遺漏值的處置—以熱卡插補法為例〉,《調查
    研究》,3:75-106
    (二)英文部分
    Buuren、S.V. and Oudshoorn、C.G.M.、(2000). Multivariate Imputation by Chained
    Equations: MICE V1.0 User’s Manual. Report PG/VGZ/00.038、TNO
    Prevention and Health、Leiden.
    Cover、T.M. and Hart、P.E.、(1967). 「Nearest Neighbor Pattern Classification」. IEEE
    Transactions on Information Theory、13:21-27.
    Fix、E. and Hodges、J.L.、(1951). 「Discriminatory analysis-Nonparametric
    Discrimination: Consistency Properties」. Project 21-49-004、Report NO.4、US
    Air Force School of Aviation Medicine、Randolph Field.
    Guttman、L.、(1950). 「The Basis for Scalogram Analysis」(With Stouffer et al).
    Measurement and Prediction. Studies in Social Psychology in World War II、
    Princeton University Press、NJ、4:60-90.
    Kaufman、L.、and Rousseeuw、P.J.、(1990). Finding Groups in Data: An Introduction
    to Cluster Analysis. New York: John Wiley and Sons、Inc.
    Liao、P.、and Tu、S.、(2006). 「Examining the Scalability of Intimacy Permissiveness
    Scale in Taiwan」. Social Indicators Research、76:207-232.
    Little、R.J.A.、and Rubin、D.B.、(1989). 「The Analysis of Social Science Data with
    Missing Values」. Sociological Methods and Research、18: 292-326.
    Menzel、H. (1953). 「A New Coefficient for Scalogram Analysis」. Public Opinion
    Quarterly、17: 268-280.
    Rubin、D.B.、(1976). Inference and missing data. Biometrika、63:581-592.
    Rubin、D.B.、(1987). Multiple Imputation for Nonresponse in Surveys. New York:
    John Wiley.
    Schafer、J.L (1999)、「Multiple Imputation: A Primer」. Statistical Methods in Medical
    Research 8: 3-15.
    Shoemaker、P.F.、Eichholz、M.、and Skewes、E.A.、(2002). 「Item Nonresponse:
    Distinguishing Between Don’t Know and Refuse」. International Journal of
    Public Opinion Research、14: 193-201.
    Sinharay、S.、Stern、H.S.、and Russell、D. (2001). 「The Use of Multiple Imputation for
    the Analysis of Missing Data」. Psychological Methods 4: 317-329.
    Tanner、M.A. and Wong、W.H.、(1987). 「The Calculation of Posterior Distributions by
    Data Augmentation (with Discussion)」. Journal of the American Statistical
    Association、82: 528-50.
    Yamaguchi、K. (2000). 「Multinomial Logit Latent-Class Regression Models: An
    Analysis of the Predictors of Gender-Role Attitudes Among Japanese Women」.
    American Journal of Sociology、105: 1702-1740.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    統計研究所
    96354013
    97
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0096354013
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[統計學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    401301.pdf88KbAdobe PDF643View/Open
    401302.pdf164KbAdobe PDF718View/Open
    401303.pdf129KbAdobe PDF743View/Open
    401304.pdf118KbAdobe PDF686View/Open
    401305.pdf418KbAdobe PDF1890View/Open
    401306.pdf121KbAdobe PDF714View/Open
    401307.pdf168KbAdobe PDF685View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback