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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/4967

    Title: 基督教的宗教容忍
    Other Titles: Christian Theology of Religion Tolerance
    Authors: 郭承天
    Keywords: 基督教;宗教容忍;自由主義;社會主義;情境神學
    Christianity;Religious tolerance;Liberalism;Socialism;Contextual theology
    Date: 2002
    Issue Date: 2007-04-18 18:25:21 (UTC+8)
    Publisher: 臺北市:國立政治大學政治學系
    Abstract: 九一一恐怖份子攻擊紐約的事件,再一次引起世人重視宗教容忍的議題。在此之前,以自由主義政治哲學為基礎的功利主義論、自主論、國家中立論、和多元真理論,似乎無法顯著的改善宗教之間的關係,反而在各宗教內部激發了基本教義派的興起和擴展。以基督教神學為例,大部分的宗派仍然傾向支持排外論,而不是比較容忍的包容論和多元論。一九九零年代的社會主義哲學家也開始批判自由主義的宗教容忍主張,懷疑其缺乏重大的道德基礎以及實用價值。本文認為過去十多年社會主義哲學家對於自由主義的批判,實際上提供了神學與政治哲學之間溝通的橋樑,讓神學能夠在不違反傳統信仰之下,朝向更有實用價值的包容論發展。結合「批判情境神學」與社會主義哲學的「情境批判性包容論」,認為宗教之間的尊重和容忍,可以建立在批判性包容論的共同基礎上,一方面維持特殊情境中各宗教純正的核心信仰,另一方面擴展宗教之間的和平、合作、與互利關係,而不致落入極端基本教義派和宗教融合的後果。
    The terrorist attack in New York on 11 September 2001 raised the global attention to the issue of religious tolerance. Before then, liberal political philosophy proposed theses of secularization, pluralism, and democratization in order to improve the relationships among religions, but with little success. On the contrary, these liberal views kindled the fundamentalist backfire and expansion within all major religions. Christianity is no exception to this general phenomenon. The mainstream Christian theology and believers tend to support the exclusive view, instead of the more tolerant inclusive and pluralist views. Since the late 1980s many socialist political philosophers have also criticized the liberal views of religious tolerance for their lack of significant moral foundation and practical values, which generated the huge gap between theology and political philosophy. This paper suggests that the socialist view constitutes a bridge of communication between theology and political philosophy, and will contribute to the theological development toward a more inclusive view without violating traditional belief. By combining theology and socialist philosophy, a "contextual critical inclusive view" can promote the mutual respect, tolerance, and cooperation among religions without falling into the extremes of fundamentalism and syncretism.
    Description: 核定金額:381300元
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 國科會研究計畫

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