English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 96274/126892 (76%)
Visitors : 32348633      Online Users : 297
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51125

    Title: 中國稀土的政治經濟分析
    The political economy analysis of China’s rare earth
    Authors: 吳皇明
    Wu, Huan Ming
    Contributors: 黃仁德
    Hwang, Jen Te
    Wu, Huan Ming
    Keywords: 稀土元表
    Rare Earth Elements
    The Earth
    Date: 2010
    Issue Date: 2011-09-29 18:57:02 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 自2010年9月以來,中國大陸限制對日稀土出口所造成影響,在全球演然以成為熱門話題,亦為我所探究本論文鵠的。當時中國大陸在一片撻伐聲中,似成麻煩製造者,因影響片及整體稀土元素供需市場,特別是那些缺乏稀土元素生產卻又非常依賴中國大陸稀土的進口廠商所發出來的抗議。然事實上,稀土這元素在地球上並不匱乏,但因為它的開採上的成本高利潤卻不高,相對存量卻一直減少造成許多國家並不願去開採它,漸漸全球高逹95%以上的生產量由中國取代,卻也間接造成中國在稀土市場上的獨佔市場地位,但中國卻又是整個稀土市場價格的接受者,供需不均衡所造成的結果卻是相反地。因此中國政府當局大力支持與整合稀土產業進行一連串的體制改造及革新計畫整體架構十分迅速進行中。
    The objective of this paper is to explore the hot issues of China’s Rare Earths Elements (REEs) on the global. Using a commonly-accepted methods and materials to research of China’s REEs, On the whole, the impact of China’s REEs restriction is almost regarded as mainstream troublemaker who become overshadows influence the REEs market in the world. However it’s not, On the contrary, the Earth is not in shortage of rare earth resources. The problem is in the worldwide supply and demand structure of REEs unbalance and the price is not reasonable for China’s REEs.
    China’s REEs growing forcefulness regards as a new strength called attention to foreign powers claim China stops exports of rare earth is completely groundless. REEs are as a new symbol of strength and high value metals in upcoming century changed China’s REEs racial policies turn into aggressively to enhance its national level security and pursing its welfare and hegemony in REEs. China is devoted to manage its REEs output quota reduced reliance on demand countries as strategic policies but so to the foreign countries changed their policies.
    Analysis of the paper indicated basic findings. China holds a main of capturing a larger portion of the global supply but couldn’t depend on its superiority of REEs’ reserves. In other words, China should be devoted to develop its REEs policies as a way to promote and engage China’s REEs grow space agenda with the rest of the world. Find ways to deals with the rough harsh international reality, strive to streamline its rare earth industry, accelerate industrial upgrading, technological innovation in accordance to protect its domestic REEs industries, the environment, reserve REEs resources and learn how to get along with other countries. Extremely, the China government should recognize the resources of REEs are belonging to human-beings and the Earth, not only to China has.
    Reference: Becker, A. (2010), “China Closes in around Its Rare Earth,” Inter Press Service, November 6, 2010, available at
    Blas, J., M. Dickie, L. Hook and J. Soble (2010), “Japan Cries Foul Over Rare Earths,” Financial Times, October 25, 2010, available at
    Blinder, A. S. and J. B. Rudd (2008), “The Supply-Shock Explanation of The Great Stagflation Revisited,” NBER Working Paper, No. 14563.
    Buckley, C. (2010), “China’s Rare Earth Hammer Hits Economic Raw Nerve,” Reuters, October 28, 2010, available at
    Bromby, R. (2010), "Caution, Rare Earths Ahead," The Australian, April 26, 2010, available at
    Cahal, M. (2010), “Concern as China Clamps Down on Rare Earth Exports” The Independent, February 2, 2010, available at
    Zhan, H. C. (2011c), “Global Rare Earth Resources and Scenarios of Future Rare Earth Industry,” Journal of Rare Earths, 29:1, pp. 1-6.
    Charles, A. (2011), “Japan Discovers ‘Rare Earth’ Minerals Used for IPads,” Guardian.co.uk., July 4, 2011, available at
    China, Ministry of Commerce (2010), “The First-Round Rare Earth Export Quotas is 14446 Tons for 2011,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, December 28,2010, available at
    China National Bureau of Statistics (2010), China Statistical Yearbook, Beijing: China Statistics Press, pp.1-32. (In Chinese)
    Chinalco, A. C. (2010), “Jiangxi Rare Earth Establishes Nickel-cobalt JV: Interfax Information Services,” China Mining and Metals Weekly, December 18-29, 2010, available at
    Chu, S. (2010), “U.S. Energy Department Releases New Critical Materials Strategy,” U.S. Department of Energy, December 15, 2010, available at
    Department of Energy “Critical Materials Strategy: Materials Strategies from Other Nations,” in U.S. Department of Energy, December 2010, available at
    Dolan, E. (2010), “China’s Fragile Rare Earth Monopoly,” Ed Dolan’s Econ Blog Press, October 23, 2010, available at
    Edelstein, P. and L. Kilian (2007), “Retail Energy Prices and Consumer Expenditures,” Department of Economics, University of Michigan, June 20, 2007, pp. 24-36.
    GAO (2010), Rare Earth Materials in the Defense Supply Chain. Washington, D.C.: GAO, April 2010.
    Global Times (2010), “Rare Earth Cuts Insufficient,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, December 30,2010, available at
    Gordon, J. (2010), “Abandoned Canadian Mine A Lesson for Rare Earth Investors,” Reuters, November 9, 2010, available at
    Harding, A. (2009), “Mining Law Reform,” Elko Daily Free Press, December 30, 2009, available at
    Haxel, G. B., J. B. Hedrick and G. J. Orris (2002), “Rare Earth Elements: Critical Resources for High Technology,” U.S. Geological Survey, 87:2, pp. 1-4.
    Heap, T. (2010), “Why China Holds Rare Cards in The Race to Go Green,” BBC News, May 19, 2010, available at
    Homby, L. (2010), “China Aims to Shake up Rare Earths Trade,” Reuters, October 29, 2010, available at
    Hook, L (2010), “China Tightens Grip on Output of Rare Earths,” Financial Times, October 6, 2010, available at
    Hua, C. W. (2010), “The Leading Enterprise—Baogang Rare Earth,” China Metal Bulletin, 12, pp. 36–37. (In Chinese)
    Humphries, M. (2010), “Rare Earth Elements: The Global Supply Chain,” in U.S. Congressional Research Service, November 30, 2010, available at
    Hurst, C. (2010a), “China’s Ace in The Hole: Rare Earth Elements,” NDU Press, 59, pp. 121-126.
    Hurst. C. (2010b), “China’s Rare Earth Elements Industry: What Can the West Learn?” the Analysis of Global Security, March 25, 2010, available at
    Izatta, S. R., N. E. Izatt and R. L. Bruening (2011), “Metal Separations of Interest to The Chinese Metallurgical Industry,” Journal of Rare Earths, 28:1, pp. 22-29.
    Jianzhong, C. and C. Liping (2010), “Current Mining Situation and Potential Development of Rare Earth in China,” Chinese Rare Earths, 31: 2, pp. 9-65. (In Chinese)
    Keith, C. (2009), “Interest in Rare Earths Stimulated by Concerns over Possible Chinese Export Curbs,” Ming Weekly, September 4, 2009, available at
    Keith, B. (2011), “Mitsubishi Quietly Cleans up Its Former Refinery,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, March 8, 2011, available at
    Kilian, L. (2008), “The Economic Effects of Energy Price Shocks,” Journal of Economic Literature, 46:6, pp. 871-909.
    “Leading Article: An Elemental Challenge for China and The World,” The Independent, January 2, 2010, available at
    Lifton, J. (2009), “The Rare Earth Metals, Uranium, and Thorium: All Commonly Found Together and All Desired by China,” Technology Metals Research, November 20, 2009, available at
    Lifton, J. (2010), “The Rare Earth Crisis of the Second Decade of the Twenty-First Century: A Threat or An Opportunity?” Technology Metals Research, January 16, 2010, available at
    Lindsay, H. (2010), “Are Rare Earth Metals Too Costly for The Environment?” PBS Newshour, December 14, 2009, available at
    Ma, K. (2010), “China Won’t Stop Exports of Rare Earth Products,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, November 27, 2010, available at
    Metal Place (2010), “The Battle Over Rare Earths,” Proactive Investors, January 14, 2009, available at
    Obama, B. (2009), “Remarks by The President on Jobs, Energy Independence, and Climate Change,” White House, January 26, 2009, available at
    Pau, M. (2009), “Rare Earth: The New Great Game,” BBC News, November 18, 2009, available at
    Peersman, G. (2005), “What Caused the Early Millennium Slowdown? Evidence Based on Vector Auto Regressions,” Journal of Applied Econometrics, 20, pp. 185-207.
    Richardson, M (2010), “China’s Chokehold on Rare-Earth Minerals Raises Concerns,” Yale Global, October 8, 2010, available at
    Rotemberg, J. J. and M. Woodford (1996), “Imperfect Competition and The Effects of Energy Price Increases on Economic Activity,” Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 28:4, pp. 549-577.
    Russell, H. (2010), “Strategic Implications of China’s Consolidation of Rare Earth Industries,” Jamestown Foundation China Brief, October 8, 2010, available at
    Tang, R. (2010), “China’s Steel Industry and Its Impact on the United States: Issues for Congress” U.S. Congressional Research Service, September 21, 2010, available at
    Tasker, S. J. (2009), “Japan Comes Knocking for Rare Earth: Uranium Stakes,” The Australian, November 2, 2009, available at
    Tse, P. K. (2011), China’s Rare-earth Industry, in U.S. Geological Survey, February 22, 2011, available at
    U.S. Bureau of Mines and U.S. Geological Survey (1980), “Principles of A Resource Classification for Minerals,” U.S. Geological Survey Circular, 831: 5 pp.10-11.
    Vulcan, T. (2009), “Mark Smith: Why Rare Earths Matter,” Hard Asset Investor, May 15, 2009, available at
    http://www.hardassetsinvestor.com/features-and-interviews/1571-mark-smith-why-rare-earth-metals-matter.html?start=2 as of February 2, 2010.
    Wang, D. (2010), “Consider Banning The Sale of Rare Earth As Sanctions Against U.S. Companies,” Shanghai Dongfang Zaobao, February 4, 2010, available at
    Wikipedia (2011), “Rare Earth Element,” Wikipedia Eencyclopedia, April 28, 2011, available at
    “Why Does China's Rare Earth Sell So Cheaply?” People’s Daily Online, September 7, 2009, available at
    Yasushi, W. (2010), “Japan’s Search for Alternative Rare Earths Supply,” in the Sixth International Rare Earths Conference, Hong Kong, China, November 27, 2010, available at
    Yin, J. H. (2010), “Rare Earth Market Is Expected To Become Better,” China Metal Bulletin, 8, pp. 24–25. (In Chinese)
    Zhan, H. C. (2010a), “China Rare Earth Resources, Market and Environment Concerns,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, December 21, 2010, available at
    Zhan, H. C. (2010b), “China Rare Earth Industry: Resources, Domestic Market and Environment,” in The Sixth International Rare Earths Conference, Hong Kong, China, November 27, 2010, available at
    Zhan, H. C. (2011a), “The Changing Role of China within The Global Rare Earth Market,” in The Chinese Society of Rare Earths, February 16, 2011, available at
    Zhan, H. C. (2011b), “The Development and Policies of China Rare Earth Industry,” RECHINAONLINE, April 7, 2010, available at
    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097925022
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    社群 sharing

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback