題目：由「成聖」看荀子的「為學步驟」荀子很注重「為學」。對他??，為學關係到一個人是?是人，而為學的最終目的就在成為聖人。但關於聖人，有時他由「知」有時由「?」?規定。這?一致引起他「為學之具體步驟」的最後一步是止於「?」或「知」的問題。學者都沒注意到荀子在此可能有「?一致」的問題。本研究擬由荀子對「聖人」的瞭解?解決此問題。此中，如何?解「知通統?」及「知與?的關係」最為重要。基本上，各有二解，而依荀子的「聖人」乃「以?著知」（解決他「聖人」?一致的問題），綜合<勸學篇>提出的為學四步驟，可以結?：對荀子而言，以「成聖」為最終目的的為學知步驟為：1. 誦?貫?諸經典及學?文制? 2. 思?貫通經典之道?及把握通貫統攝一?事?之?，即禮之所以為禮之?（統?）（第一義之「知通??」） 3. ?學古聖先賢?依統??應事及以之?化「性?」之「性」 4. 遇事即當下能依統??應事（第二義之「知通統?」）；能如此即表示：通曉于事而?為事變所惑，即「?之乃知之」。最後一步驟實含「?之乃知之」一意，就解決荀學看似有的那「止於知」或「止於?」的問題。 From Chen-Sheng (Becoming a sage) to see the Steps of Study in Hsuen Tze For Hsuen Tze, study is very important, which refers to whether one is human or not. The ultimate end of study is to become a sage, but, with regard to sage, sometimes he defines it with “practice”, sometimes “understanding.” This makes his views about sage and that of the last step of study inconsistent. This study is purposed to resolve this inconsistency through making a comprehensive understanding and making a deep analysis on his concept of “sage”. As to this, his concept of Che Tun Tung-Lei and that of the relation between practice and knowing are the keys. Basically, we can take two possible ways to understand each. And, according to the conclusion that for him sage discloses what he understands about Li through practicing it, we know the 4 steps of study is as follows: (1) reading and going through the classical books and Li, (2) catching the principle/ Tung-Lei which undergoing through all things through thinking well, (3) to cultivat the Hsin of Hsin-er according to Li, and (4) Doing all things well in accordance with Li or Tung-Lei.The last step is the practice that reveals what the sage knows about Li/ Tung-Lei, that is to say, it is practice at the same time knowing. Through this, the abovementioned “inconsistency” problem is resolved.