English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 96274/126892 (76%)
Visitors : 32348647      Online Users : 297
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/52845


    Title: 以建構主義的觀點分析兩岸關係
    A constructivist analysis of cross-strait relations
    Authors: 何得中
    Sebastian Hambach
    Contributors: 袁易
    Yuan, I
    何得中
    Sebastian Hambach
    Keywords: 建構主義
    兩岸關係
    一個中國
    言語行為
    現狀
    constructivism
    Cross-Strait relations
    one China
    speech acts
    status quo
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-04-17 09:30:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to analyze changes and constants of the Cross-Strait relationship since 1949 on the basis of a constructivist framework of International Relations theory. After having introduced basic assumptions of rule-based constructivism, mainly following Nicholas Onuf, the thesis argues that the Cross-Strait relationship can be analyzed as a social construct that has mainly been governed by the “one China” rule, which is designed and influenced by speech acts performed by relevant agents in Taiwan, China, the US, as well as academia.

    A summary of the historic context of Cross-Strait relationship developments (1949-2000) which highlights the circumstances of the creation of the “one China” rule as well as gradual challenges to it, is followed by a comparison between the approaches of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and the Kuomintang (KMT) of constructing this relationship between 2000-2008 and 2008-2011, respectively. Due to the DPP's and KMT's very different ideologies, and their antithetic definitions of Taiwan's relationship to China, there were distinct variations in their performances of speech acts, that are analyzed in the context of three discursive examples and which, together with related practices, aimed either at weakening (DPP) or strengthening (KMT) the “one China” rule as a cornerstone for Taiwan's relationship to China.

    Despite attempts by Taiwanese agents during the two consecutive DPP administrations to break the “one China” rule, it remains an important aspect of the Cross-Strait relationship as it is sustained, to different degrees, by agents in China, the US and the current KMT government. However, due to their adjustments over time and the development of Taiwan's democratic system, a new “status quo” rule has steadily gained momentum. Therefore, the thesis argues, that it will be crucial to see how the preferences of the Taiwanese populace with respect to their home's relationship to China will evolve in the future and how the relevant agents will respond to these developments.
    Reference: 1. ACHARYA, Amitav (1999): “International Relations Theory and Cross-Strait Relations,” Paper presented at The International Forum on Peace and Security in the Taiwan-Strait, Taipei, Taiwan, July 26-28, 1999, via: http://www.taiwansecurity.org/IS/Acharya-International-Relations-Theory-and-Cross-Strait-Relations.htm (accessed: 11 April 2011).
    2. ADLER, Emanuel (1997): “Seizing the Middle Ground: Constructivism in World Politics,” in: European Journal of International Relations, 3, 319-363.
    3. ANDRADE, Tonio (2008): How Taiwan Became Chinese. New York: Columbia University Press.
    4. AUSTIN, John L. (1962): How to Do Things With Words. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    5. BERNKOPF TUCKER, Nancy / Bonnie GLASER (2011): “Should the United States Abandon Taiwan?” in: The Washington Quarterly, 34, 4, 23-37.
    6. BROWN, Melissa J. (2004): Is Taiwan Chinese? The Impact of Culture, Power, and Migration on Changing Identities. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    7. BUSH, Richard, C. (2004): At Cross Purposes: U.S.-Taiwan Relations Since 1942. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
    8. BUZAN, Barry, Charles JONES, Richard LITTLE (1993): The Logic of Anarchy: Neorealism to Structural Realism. New York: Columbia University Press.
    9. CHAO, Chien-min / Chih-chia HSU (2006): “China Isolates Taiwan,” in: Friedman, Edward (ed.): China's Rise, Taiwan's Dilemmas and International Peace. London: Routledge, 41-67.
    10. CHAO, Chien-min / Bruce J. DICKSON (2002): “Introduction: Assessing the Lee Teng-hui Legacy,” in: Dickson, Bruce / Chao Chien-min (eds.): Assessing the Lee Teng-hui Legacy in Taiwan's Politics: Democratic Consolidation and External Relations. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 3-26.
    11. CHAO, Linda / Ramon H. MYERS (1994): “The First Chinese Democracy: Political Development of the Republic of China on Taiwan,” in: Asian Survey, 34, 3, 213-230.
    12. CHECKEL, Jeffrey T. (1998): “The Constructivist Turn in International Relations Theory,” in: World Politics, 50, 2, 324-348.
    13. CHEN, Yi-shen / HSUEH Hua-yuan / LI Ming-juinn / HU Ching-shan (2005): Taiwan's International Status: History and Theory. Taipei: Taiwan Advocates.
    14. CHENG, Marc Chia-Ching (2008): “The U.S. Perception of Taiwan's Sovereignty and the Future of Cross-Strait Relations,” in: Issues & Studies, 44, 3, 71-97.
    15. CHU, Shulong (2011): “Communication for Better Understanding and Improvement of Cross-Taiwan Strait Relations, Brookings North East Asia Commentary,” 50, via: http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2011/
    06_cross_strait_shulong.aspx (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    16. CLOUGH, Ralph N. (1993): “Chiang Ching-Kuo's Policies Toward Mainland China and the Outside World,” in: Leng, Shao-Chuan (ed.) (1993): Chiang Ching-Kuo's Leadership in the Development of the Republic on Taiwan. Lanham: University Press of America, 133-162.
    17. COPPER, John F. (ed.) (2002): Taiwan in Troubled Times: Essays on the Chen Shui-bian Presidency. London: World Scientific.
    18. COPPER, John F. (2011): “Why We Need Taiwan,” in: The National Interest, via: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/why-we-need-taiwan-5815 (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    19. DAVISON, Gary Marvin (2003): A Short History of Taiwan: The Case for Independence. Westport: Praeger.
    20. DELISLE, Jacques (2008): “Vicious Cycles and Virtuous Circles: International Contexts, Taiwanese Democracy and Cross-Strait Relations,” in: Yuan, I (ed.): Cross-Strait at the Turning Point: Institution, Identity and Democracy. Taipei: Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, 373-423.
    21. DICKSON, Bruce J. (2002): “Taiwan's Challenge to U.S. Foreign Policy,” in: Dickson, Bruce / Chao Chien-min (eds.): Assessing the Lee Teng-hui Legacy in Taiwan's Politics: Democratic Consolidation and External Relations. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 264-285.
    22. DITTMER, Lowell (2006): “Taiwan as a Factor in China's Quest for National Identity,” Journal of Contemporary China, 15, 49, 671-686.
    23. DIKÖTTER, Frank (2010): “Forging National Unity: Ideas of Race in China,” via: http://www.worlddialogue.org/content.php?id=489 (accessed: 2011-10-29).
    24. FRIEDMAN, Edward (2006): “China's Dilemma on Using Military Force,” in: Friedman, Edward (ed.): China's Rise, Taiwan's Dilemmas and International Peace. London: Routledge, 205-226.
    25. GOLDSTEIN, Steven M. / Randall SCHRIVER (2001): “An Uncertain Relationship: The United States, Taiwan and the Taiwan Relations Act,” in: Edmonds, Richard Louis / Steven M. Goldstein (eds.): Taiwan in the Twentieth Century: A Retrospective View. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 147-172.
    26. GLASER, Bonnie (2010): Building Trust Across the Taiwan Strait: A Role for Military Confidence-building Measures. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies.
    27. HAO, Zhidong (2010): Whither Taiwan and Mainland China: National Identity, the State, and Intellectuals. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
    28. HARRISON, Mark (2006): Legitimacy, Meaning and Knowledge in the Making of Taiwanese Identity. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    29. HARTZELL, Richard W. / Roger C.S. LIN (2007): “The Status of the Republic of China on Taiwan as a Government in Exile,” via: http://www.taiwankey.net/
    dc/rocexile.htm (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    30. HSIAO, Russell (2011): “Taiwan Pivots in the South China Sea,” China Brief, 11, 11, via: http://www.jamestown.org/programs/chinabrief/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=38067&cHash=a532245963039aa11786b9d1ca5d332e (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    31. HSIAU, A-chin (2005): “The Indigenization of Taiwanese Literature: Historical Narrative, Strategic Essentialism, and State Violence,” in: John Makeham / Hsiau A-chin (eds.): Cultural, Ethnic, and Political Nationalism in Contemporary Taiwan: Bentuhua. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, p. 125-155.
    32. HSU, S. Philip (2010): “Reappraising the Debate and Practice of US Strategic Ambiguity/Clarity in Cross-Strait Relations,” in: The Pacific Review, 23, 2, 139-162.
    33. HSUEH, Hua-yuan / TAI Pao-tsun / CHOU Mei-li (2005): Is Taiwan Chinese? A History of Taiwanese Nationality. Taipei: Taiwan Advocates.
    34. HUANG, Jing / Xiaoting LI (2010): Inseparable Separation: The Making of China's Taiwan Policy. Singapore: World Scientific.
    35. JACOBS, J. Bruce (2006): “One China, Diplomatic Isolation and a Separate Taiwan,” in: Friedman, Edward (ed.): China's Rise, Taiwan's Dilemmas and International Peace. London: Routledge, 85-109.
    36. JACOBS, J. Bruce / I-hao Ben LIU (2007): “Lee Teng-hui and the Idea of 'Taiwan',” in: The China Quarterly, 190, 375-393.
    37. KLOTZ, Audie / Cecelia LYNCH (2007): Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
    38. KLOTZ, Audie / Deepa PRAKASH (eds.) (2008): Qualitative Methods in International Relations: A Pluralist Guide. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    39. KUBÁLKOVÁ, Vendulka, Nicholas ONUF, Paul KOWERT (eds.) (1998): International Relations in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
    40. KUBÁLKOVÁ, Vendulka (ed.) (2001): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
    41. KUBÁLKOVÁ, Vendulka (2001): “A Constructivist Primer,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka (ed.): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 56-76.
    42. KRATOCHWIL, Friedrich (1989): Rules, Norms, and Decisions: On the Conditions of Practical and Legal Reasoning in International Relations and Domestic Affairs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    43. KUO, Julian J. (2002): “Cross-Strait Relations: Buying Time Without Strategy,” in: Dickson, Bruce / Chao Chien-min (eds.): Assessing the Lee Teng-hui Legacy in Taiwan's Politics: Democratic Consolidation and External Relations. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 204-217.
    44. LENG, Shao-Chuan (ed.) (1993): Chiang Ching-Kuo's Leadership in the Development of the Republic on Taiwan. Lanham: University Press of America.
    45. LIN, Jih-wen (2002): “Transition Through Transaction: Taiwan's Constitutional Reforms in the Lee Teng-hui Era,” in: American Asian Review, 20, 2, 123-155.
    46. MEI, Fu S. (2011): “Taiwan's Defense White Paper Shows New Candor on Challenges Ahead,” in: China Brief, 11, 16, via: http://www.jamestown.org/
    programs/chinabrief/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=38360&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=25&cHash=2cb0380d3e0301fadcea86b1d132de95 (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    47. MO, Ta-hua (2002): “The Prototype, Categorization, and Debates of Constructivism: Onuf, Kratochwil, and Wendt,” in: Issues & Studies, 41, 5, 111-148. (Chinese)
    48. MYERS, Ramon H. / Jialin ZHANG (2006): The Struggle Across the Taiwan Strait: The Divided China Problem. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press.
    49. NATHAN, J. Andrew / Helena V. S. HO (1993): “Chiang Ching-Kuo's Decision for Political Reform,” in: Leng, Shao-Chuan (ed.) (1993): Chiang Ching-Kuo's Leadership in the Development of the Republic on Taiwan. Lanham: University Press of America, 31-61.
    50. NOBLE, Gregory W. (1999): “Opportunity Lost: Partisan Incentives and the 1997 Constitutional Revisions in Taiwan,” in: The China Journal, 41, 89-114.
    51. ONUF, Nicholas (1989): World of Our Making: Rules and Rule in Social Theory and International Relations. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.
    52. ONUF, Nicholas (1998): “Constructivism: A User's Manual,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka, Nicholas Onuf, Paul Kowert (eds.): International Relations in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 58-78.
    53. ONUF, Nicholas (2001): “Speaking of Policy,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka (ed.) (2001): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 77-94.
    54. ONUF, Nicholas (2002): “Worlds of Our Making: The Strange Career of Constructivism in International Relations,” in: Puchala, Donald J. (ed.): Visions of International Relations: Assessing an Academic Field. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 119-141.
    55. PETTMAN, Ralph (2001): “Commonsense Constructivism and Foreign Policy: A Critique of Rule-Oriented Constructivism,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka (ed.) (2001): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 249-265.
    56. PHILLIPS, Steven E. (2003): Between Assimilation and Independence: The Taiwanese Encounter Nationalist China, 1945-1950. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    57. QIANG, Xin (2010): “Beyond Power Politics: Institution-Building and Mainland China's Taiwan Policy Transition,” in: Journal of Contemporary China, 19, 65, 525-539.
    58. SCHUBERT, Gunter (2002): China's Struggle for the Nation: Dimensions of Nationalist Thought in the People's Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hongkong at the Turn to the 21st Century. Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde. (German)
    59. SEARLE, John R. (1969): Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    60. SHENG, Lijun (2001): China's Dilemma: The Taiwan Issue. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
    61. SHIH, Chih-yu (2009): “The Political Psychology of Cross-Strait Relations: Identity and Image in Political Sentiment Analysis,” in: Bau, Tzong-Ho, Wu Yu-Shan (eds.): Revisiting Theories on Cross-Strait Relations, 195-215. (Chinese)
    62. SHIH, Ming (2003): Taiwan Is not a Part of China: The Four-hundred Year History of the Development of Taiwan's Society. Taipei: Avanguard. (Chinese)
    63. SMITH, Steve (2001): “Foreign Policy Is What States Make of It: Social Construction and International Relations Theory,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka (ed.): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 38-55.
    64. SU, Chi / CHENG An-kuo (eds.) (2002): “One China, with Respective Interpretations:” A Historical Account of the Consensus of 1992. Taipei: National Policy Foundation. (Chinese).
    65. STANFORD PROGRAM ON INTERNATIONAL AND CROSS-CULTURAL EDUCATION (2004): Introduction to Sovereignty: A Case Study of Taiwan. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    66. SUTTER, Robert (2008): “Emerging American Debate and Implications for U.S. China Policy,” in: Yuan, I (ed.): Cross-Strait at the Turning Point: Institution, Identity and Democracy. Taipei: Institute of International Relations, National Chengchi University, 25-36.
    67. SWAINE, Michael D. (2011): “China, Taiwan, U.S.: Status Quo Challenged,” in: The National Interest, via: http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/us-provoking-china-over-taiwan-5996 (accessed: 2011-11-20).
    68. WACHMAN, Alan M. (1994): Taiwan: National Identity and Democratization. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe.
    69. WANG, Horng-Luen (2004): “National Culture and Its Discontents: The Politics of Heritage and Language in Taiwan, 1949-2003,” in: Comparative Studies in Society and History, 46, 4, 786-815.
    70. WANG, Gabe T. (2006): China and the Taiwan Issue: Impending War at Taiwan Strait. Lanham: University Press of America.
    71. WANG, Hongying / LU Yeh-Chung (2008): “The Conception of Soft Power and Its Policy Implications: A Comparative Study of China and Taiwan,” in: Journal of Contemporary China, 17, 56, 425-447.
    72. WEBER, Cynthia (2010): International Relations Theory: A Critical Introduction. 3rd Ed. New York: Routledge.
    73. WENDT, Alexander (1992): “Anarchy is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics,” in: International Organization, 46, 2, 391-425.
    74. WENDT, Alexander (1999): Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    75. WU, Der-yuan Maxwell (2005a): “Canada and the Global Diffusion of 'One China,'” in: Lecours, André (ed.): New Institutionalism: Theory and Analysis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 319-340.
    76. WU, Yu-Shan (2000): “Theorizing on Relations Across the Taiwan Strait: Nine Contending Approaches,” in: Journal of Contemporary China, 9, 25, 407-428.
    77. WU, Yu-Shan (2005b): “Taiwan's Domestic Politics and Cross-Strait Relations,” in: The China Journal, 53, 35-60.
    78. WU, Yu-Shan (2007): “Taiwan's Developmental State: After the Economic and Political Turmoil,” in: Asian Survey, 47, 6, 977-1001.
    79. YUAN, I (1995): “Cooperation under Anarchy: Paradoxes of the Intra-Chinese Rapprochement,” in: Issues & Studies, 31, 2, 54-66.
    80. ZEHFUSS, Maja (2001): “Constructivism and Identity: A Dangerous Liaison,” in: European Journal of International Relations, 7, 3, 315-348.
    81. ZEHFUSS, Maja (2002): Constructivism in International Relations: The Politics of Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    82. ZHAO, Suisheng (2002): “Reunification Strategy: Beijing Versus Lee Teng-hui,” in: Dickson, Bruce / Chao Chien-min (eds.): Assessing the Lee Teng-hui Legacy in Taiwan's Politics: Democratic Consolidation and External Relations. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 218-240.
    83. ZHENG, Shiping (2001): “Making Sense of the Conflict Between Mainland China and Taiwan,” in: Kubálková, Vendulka (ed.): Foreign Policy in a Constructed World. Armonk: M.E. Sharpe, 203-226.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    98926024
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098926024
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    602401.pdf2073KbAdobe PDF1375View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback