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    政大機構典藏 > 教育學院 > 教育學系 > 學位論文 >  Item 140.119/54255
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/54255


    Title: 兩性在婚前戀愛關係不公平下的儲存公平策略選擇
    Gender choices of the equity restoring strategies in underbenefited premarital romantic relationships
    Authors: 徐子晨
    Hsu, Tzu Chen
    Contributors: 陳婉真
    徐子晨
    Hsu, Tzu Chen
    Keywords: 不公平
    儲存公平
    inequity
    equity restoring
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:30:06 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「公平」概念始於西方的社會交換和公平理論,據目前研究,已知公平感乃維繫親密關係滿意的關鍵。當個體覺得親密關係愈公平,會愈滿意、快樂,關係也會趨於穩定;而當個體在關係中因不公平而感到痛苦時,會尋求能提升公平感的因應方式,此即「儲存公平」。然目前西方與台灣皆尚未發展出儲存公平的量化工具,本研究係針對此點,以台灣未婚的大學生和研究生作為研究對象,回顧中西相關文獻,歸納出「和諧忍讓」、「直接溝通」、「自我成長」、「放棄關係」四個儲存公平策略,並編製成量表,經預試及正式施測後,量表的內部一致性α為 .820,解釋變異量百分比達56.718%,顯示信效度俱佳。本研究以儲存公平策略量表為工具,探討中華文化脈絡中的年輕未婚學生族群在面臨各種不公平情形時,兩性所採取的「儲存公平策略」是否產生差異。
      本研究以1200份問卷進行正式施測,以周玉慧和謝雨生(2009)的「夫妻支持授與受量表」篩選出340位不公平的樣本進行統計分析。本研究沿用原量表的分類方式,將不公平的狀態分為「情緒不公平」、「實質不公平」、「資訊不公平」,研究者並增設「整體不公平」。本研究發現,研究樣本在「情緒」、「實質」、「資訊」三向度不公平的感受程度具有顯著差異,在實質和資訊向度感覺最不公平。而男、女兩性對於不公平的感受程度沒有顯著差異;而在儲存公平策略選擇方面,男性在所有的不公平情境下,選擇「自我成長」與「和諧忍讓」傾向顯著最高;然而,女性在「整體不公平」和「資訊不公平」的情況下,選擇「自我成長」的傾向升為首位,「和諧忍讓」退至第二選擇。
      整體而言,本研究的貢獻乃發展儲存公平策略量表,研究結果並可供諮商輔導實務領域參考,而研究者也提出具體建議,供未來相關研究參考。
    Equity theory unveils the important role of equity – people rely on equity to decide whether to leave or stay in relationships. Many researches had already proved that “equity” is connected to satisfaction and happiness. Furthermore, “inequity”, according to social support theory, can be classified to emotional, tangible and informational, simulates people to find solutions to balance their relationships; and the solutions to gain equity are called “equity restoring”. This study aims to develop “Equity Restoring Strategy Scale” to discover how people cope with unequal situations in premarital romantic relationships, and to investigate if gender differences exist.
    Equity Restoring Strategy Scale is consisted of four strategies, which refer to self-growth, tolerance, leaving the field and communication. Analysis results exhibit that gender differences exist in strategy choosing. Male prefer both self-growth and tolerance in all kind of inequities, whereas female choose only self-growth when dealing informational inequity and global inequity.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    教育研究所
    98152008
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0098152008
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[教育學系] 學位論文

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