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    Title: 教廷與中華民國之外交關係 (一九四二年至二○一二年): 歷史、挑戰與前景
    The Diplomatic Relations between the Holy See and the Republic of China from 1942 to 2012: History, Challenges, and Perspectives
    Authors: 鄭天龍
    Védrenne, Landry
    Contributors: 杜筑生
    Tou, Chou Seng
    鄭天龍
    Védrenne, Landry
    Keywords: 中華民國
    教廷
    中華人民共和國
    中梵外交關係
    梵蒂岡大使館
    宗教自由
    挑戰
    困境
    僵局
    Republic of China
    Holy See
    People’s Republic of China
    Sino-Vatican diplomatic relations
    Apostolic Nunciature
    religious freedom
    challenges
    dilemmas
    stalemate
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2012-10-30 10:32:35 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 教廷與中華民國之外交關係
    (一九四二年至二○一二年): 歷史、挑戰與前景
    Diplomatic relations between the Republic of China (ROC) and the Holy See were established in 1942. However, after a devastating civil war, the Chinese Communists gained control of Mainland China in 1949 and established the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in Beijing. As a consequence, the Nationalist government of the ROC was forced to move from Nanking to Taipei, Taiwan. The Papal representative continued to remain at his post but the Communist government expelled him in 1951. In the following year, the Holy See decided to relocate its Apostolic Nunciature to Taipei and maintain its ties with the ROC. The tensions in the Strait between the two Chinese governments have put the Sino-Vatican relations to several tests. Indeed, the Vatican desires to normalize its relations with the PRC but is also confronted with two major issues imposed by Beijing which requests the direction of the Catholic Church in China and the end of the Holy See’s recognition of Taipei. It would strike a serious blow to Taipei if the Supreme government of the Catholic Church decides to break off diplomatic relations. It will also create a fragile position for Taiwan on the international diplomatic stage since the Holy See, at present, is the only European ally to officially recognize the ROC government. The relations of the Holy See with Taiwan are characterized by a mutually productive and cooperative partnership, especially in the promotion of human rights, culture, world peace and advocacy of religious freedom and alleviation of global poverty. This thesis aims to clarify the triangular situation between the Vatican, the ROC and the PRC and to show the challenges as well as the dilemmas the Holy See is confronted with in order to normalize its relations with China. First, this study explains the international status of the Holy See and its specific mission. Then, through a diachronic analysis, this thesis traces the evolution of Sino-Vatican relations to later on identify the difficulties the Holy See has to face across the Taiwan Strait. Then, it will analyze the efforts of Pope Benedict XVI to initiate a rapprochement with China and all the issues that have to be solved before negotiating any diplomatic ties. Based on this analysis, this thesis will show that the PRC and the Holy See are still at a stalemate and that the Vatican won’t move its Nunciature from Taipei in the foreseeable future.
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    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    亞太研究英語碩士學位學程(IMAS)
    99926014
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0099926014
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[亞太研究英語博/碩士學位學程(IDAS/IMAS) ] 學位論文

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