由於南海情勢自2002年11月中國與東協達成「南海各方行為宣言」後，原先緊張情勢已經大約降溫，各相關聲索國共同呼籲擱置對南海主權的主張，並共同開發南海資源，從而以促進合作為要務。不過，私底下各國仍舊繼續保持佔有的優勢。而由印尼外交部透過第二軌道外交方式，已經主辦十餘年的非正式南海潛在性爭端解決會議（簡稱南海會議）面臨必須轉型的挑戰；同時因為原贊助者也停止繼續挹注；再加上主持人年事已邁，均加深南海問題的不確定性。本計畫便是著眼於南海新情勢變化對我國所產生的新挑戰為主軸，此外，我國甫於2007年12月底完成的太平島機場跑道，勢將改變南海的戰略格局與我國在南海的戰略地位，對於我國南海戰略將是進入歷史新的一頁。本計畫的目的在於深入探討南海新戰略形勢，對周邊聲索國的南海政策進行系統性研究，並對我國應該如何具體發展新安全戰略，落實我國南海戰略的新部署，以及可能擁有的優勢戰略地位和挑戰深入分析；一方面提供國內學術圈深入研究新情勢的起點，同時也將分析新發展的政策方向提供決策之參酌。期望我國南海政策方向重新出發，也重新定位台灣在區域內的戰略形勢。 Since China and ASEAN reached an agreement on the “Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea” in November 2002, tension among all claimants has been effectively reduced. All claimants except Taiwan shift from their original territorial claims over islands and reefs in the South China Sea to advocating joint exploitation of maritime resources. The main direction in the region seems to pursuing for “cooperation” rather than “competition”. In 2005, after China-ASEAN summit, the South China Sea was identified as the “sea of friendship”. It is imperative to note that the successful workshop process on “the Managing Potential Conflicts in the South China Sea” has faced a new round of challenge. Not only has the function of the workshop as a dialogue platform been replaced by the track one official fora, but also the original sponsor of the workshop - Asia-Pacific Ocean Cooperation Programme of the Canadian International Development Agency, CIDA – decided to stop funding the process. Over the past decade, Taiwan’s inertia on the South China Sea has found itself being isolated and even neglected in regional processes. As Taiwan has completed construction of its airstrip in the Taiping Island (Itu Aba Island) in December 2007, many believe that it is going to change the strategic landscape of South China Sea for many years and give Taiwan a new strategic niche in the Spratly Islands. Based upon strategic evolution of new developing trends, this project application tries to pursue what new strategic picture in the South China Sea may evolve. The purpose of this project is to examine implications of new developing trends in the South China Sea for Taiwan’s security strategy. The research agenda of this project will contribute to analyzing strategy and policy of all claimants and intends to search for Taiwan’s new role and best strategy up-to-date. It is a hope that the outcome of this research would be able to contribute to policy-making in Taiwan and generate great momentum for further debates on the South China Sea policy in Taiwan and the region.