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|Other Titles: ||The Changing Us-China Relation and a New Security Structure in the Asia Pacific|
|Issue Date: ||2012-11-30 15:10:47 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||歐巴馬總統上臺後，對於亞洲改採積極態度，意圖扭轉布希政府因忽視而產生對美國不利的戰略環境。面對全球金融危機所造成的國力衰退，美國體會到無論在國際議題上或是雙邊關係上，都有必須要與中國進行合作的壓力。美中關係在2009年度過短暫的「蜜月期」，11月歐巴馬第一次以總統身份出訪中國，簽署「美中聯合聲明」，試圖規範未來兩國之間互動的一些根本原則，雙方關係可謂達到新的初試高點。 2010年美中之間出現多次的磨擦，甚至在下半年間，出現多次的軍事對峙戲碼，但是幾乎同時間，美中之間高層官員來回協商，並在整體形勢的需求之下，雙方均體認到必須要盡速化解掉軍事對峙的緊繃氣氛，運用外交協商更有效的共同面對許多國際議題的挑戰。本計劃的目的在於進行深入評估美中關係現階段的定位，以及對於亞太安全體系的實質影響。美中之間的合作與競爭態勢愈來與明顯，實際上，雙方非常清楚未來必須要採取更多合作，降低對峙與衝突的可能性，雙方現正在重新調整相互定位中。美國已經強勢運用其硬實力，重新鏈結亞太安全體系，除了雙邊同盟關係之外，也積極介入東亞區域整合的多邊架構，這將導致亞太新安全結構的出現。|
Global financial tsunami has since 2008 challenged the existing global and regional orders. China was expected to take more responsibility by the international community. In coping with the unprecedented scale of challenge, China has been at the center of international financial relief. On the contrary, the supremacy of the United States has relatively declined as a result of the financial crisis at home. Under the broader context of power shift, the US-China relation is now entering into a complex situation. It is clear that more cooperation and consultation on international issues between the two are more desirable. At the peak of the global financial tsunami, President Obama came to the office in January 2009. The national power of the US was weakened and thus American options on foreign policy were substantially limited. At the end of 2009, during President Obama’s first visit to Asia, a clear and friendly gesture to the region was shaped. The US-China summit concluded with the US-China Joint Statement, which stressed establishment and deepening of bilateral strategic mutual trust. The US was seeking for more Chinese cooperation in bilateral, regional and global issues. Many believe that the bilateral relationship was going to march through a cozy period of time, as new friendly was established between Obama and Hu Jintao. Basically, the US was thinking of setting a new tone with a forthcoming message to China. The bilateral relation could become more comprehensive. Quite surprisingly into 2010, the relationship however turned sourced. Following through a number of issues popped up, the US government announced to approve the arms sales deal to Taiwan and agreed to welcome Dalai Lama visiting the US. The Chinese government reacted with a strong protest on those political issues which have been considered as breaching integrity of sovereignty. In responding to arms sales deal to Taiwan, Beijing immediately announced to cease military exchange with the US indefinitely canceling several rounds of official visits. Although the bilateral Strategic Economic Dialogue continues, military exchange was called to a halt. Then, on 23 July 2010, US State Secretary Hilary Clinton highlighted in the occasion of ASEAN Regional Forum ministerial meeting that “the US has a national interest in freedom of navigation…” Chinese responded with criticism as if the US is trying to interfere in the South China Sea disputes and internationalize the issues, which China can not accept. As the US-China’s military exchange was putting on halt, both the US and China announced to conduct different scale of military exercises to express certain dissatisfactory gesture to each other. This two-year research project is thus trying to examine the extent of US Asia policy and fundamental change of the US-China relation over the past two years since the beginning of the global financial tsunami and China’s foreign policy focuses. Under the Obama Administration, a more cooperative approach toward China is desirable. It would lead to US’s keen interest in engaging in the regional security frameworks and multilateral platform.
|Data Type: ||report|
|Appears in Collections:||[國際關係研究中心] 國科會研究計畫|
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