English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 110387/141319 (78%)
Visitors : 46965681      Online Users : 561
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/59516


    Title: 政府支出與內生成長:開放經濟下的分析
    Government Spending and Endogenous Growth in a Small Open Economy
    Authors: 尤律鈞
    Contributors: 張俊仁
    蕭明福

    尤律鈞
    Keywords: 內生成長
    小型開放體系
    政府基礎建設支出
    租稅中立
    Date: 2012
    Issue Date: 2013-09-02 17:18:47 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本研究主要依循Devereux et al.(1996、2000)中所提到的中間財不完全競爭的內生成長模型,但由於Devereux et al.文獻中的模型為一封閉體系,故為了將其改為開放體系,我們導入Osang and Turnovsky(2000)對於開放體系的相關設定,並在政府支出具生產性的特性下,建構一個小型開放經濟體系的內生成長模型。其主要用於探討在進口型關稅(Tariff on the imported consumption goods)、投資型關稅(Tariff on the investment goods)、政府支出以及固定成本的變動下,對長期均衡的經濟成長率、一國經常帳與產出比例的相對變動效果之方向;此外,在租稅中立的設定下,當進口型關稅提高,除了會使投資型關稅降低外,我們亦探討此情形下,長期均衡的經濟成長率的變動效果。故依據本文的分析,我們可以得到以下之結果:

    一、
    (ⅰ)如果不考慮勞動內生,發現進口型關稅對長期均衡的經濟成長率而言是具中立性的;對投資型關稅而言,則會帶給經濟成長率一負面的影響。
    (ⅱ)在考慮勞動內生之下,不論是課徵何種關稅,皆會帶給長期均衡的經濟成長率一負面的影響。
    (ⅲ)當政府進行擴張性支出時,不論是否考慮勞動內生,皆會給長期均衡的經濟成長率一正面的影響。
    (ⅳ)當固定成本有所改變時,不論是否考慮勞動內生,皆會給長期均衡的經濟成長率一負面的影響。



    二、
    (ⅰ)如果不考慮勞動內生,發現進口型關稅對經常帳與產出比而言是具中立性的;對投資型關稅而言,則會帶給經常帳與產出比一正面的影響。
    (ⅱ)在考慮勞動內生下,不論課徵何種關稅,對經常帳與產出比例而言,皆無法判斷其效果的方向。
    (ⅲ)在政府的擴張性支出方面,不論是否考慮政府支出,皆無法判斷其對經常帳與產出比例的影響方向。

    三、
    在租稅中立下,當進口型關稅稅率提高,投資型關稅會受其影響並隨之下降。對政策制定者而言,可得:
    (ⅰ)如果不考慮勞動內生,會發現進口型關稅的提高對長期均衡的經濟成長率有一正向的效果。
    (ⅱ)在考慮勞動內生下,進口型關稅提高的效果是無法確定的。
    Reference: 一、 中文部分

    陳怡甄(2008),《最適政府支出組成-不完全競爭總體模型》,中央大學經濟學
    研究所碩士論文。
    黃靖華(2012),《最適非線性所得稅與內生成長:開放經濟的分析》,政治大學
    經濟研究所碩士論文。

    二、 英文部分

    Ahmed, S. (1986), “ Temporary and permanent government spending in an open economy : Some evidence for the United Kingdom,” Journal of Monetary Economics , Vol.17 , pp. 197-224.

    Aschauer, D.A. (1989), “ Is public expenditure productive?” Journal of Monetary Economy, Vol. 23, pp. 177-200.

    Balassa, B. (1967), “Trade liberalization among industrial countries: objectives and alternative,” McGraw-Hill for Council on Foreign Relations , New York .

    Barro, R.J. (1990), “Government spending in a simple model of endogenous growth,” Journal of Political Economy ,Vol.98 , pp.103-125.


    Bénassy, J.P. (1996), “Monopolistic competition, increasing returns to specialization and output persistence,” Economics Letters , Vol.52 , pp.187-191.

    Benhabib, J. and Farmer, R.E. (1994), “Indeterminacy and increasing returns,” Journal of Economic Theory , Vol.63 , pp.19-41.

    Brock, P.L. and Turnovsky, S.J. (1993), “The growth and welfare consequences of differential tariffs,” International Economic Review , Vol.34 , pp.765-794.

    Chang, J. J. , Hung, H. W. , Shieh, J. Y. and Lai, C. C. (2007), “Optimal fiscal policies, congestion and over-entry,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics , Vol.109 , pp.137-151.

    Chang, J. J. and Hung, H. W. (2012), “Product market competition and economic growth : The role of increasing returns to production specialization,” Theoretical Economics Letters , Vol.2 , pp.233-238.

    Devereux, M.B. , Head, A.C. and Lapham, B.J. (1996), “Monopolistic competition, increasing returns, and the effects of government spending,” Journal of Money ,Credit and Banking , Vol.28 , pp. 233-254.

    Devereux, M.B. , Head, A.C. and Lapham, B.J. (2000), “Government spending and welfare with returns to specialization,” Scandinavian Journal of Economics , Vol.102 , pp.547-561.


    Dixit, A.K. and Stiglitz, J.E. (1977), “Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity,” American Economic Review , Vol.67 , pp.297-308.

    Dixon, H. (1987), “A simple model of imperfect competition with Walrasian Features,” Oxford Economic Papers , Vol.39 , pp.134-160.

    Eicher, T. and Turnovsky, S.J. (2000), “Scale, Congestion and Growth,” Economics , Vol. 67 , Issue.267, pp.232-256.

    Ethier, W.J. (1982), “National and international returns to scale in modern theory of international trade,” American Economic Review , Vol.72 , pp.389-405.

    Futagami, K., Morita, Y., and Shibata, A. (1993), “Dynamic Analysis of an Endogenous Growth Model with Public Capital,” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics ,Vol,95 , pp.607-625.

    Guo, J.T., and Lansing K.J. (1999), “Optimal taxation of capital income with imperfectly competitive product markets,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol.23 , pp.967-995.

    Harrison, A. (1996), “Openness and growth: a time-series, cross-section analysis for developing countries,” Journal of Development Economics , Vol.48 , pp.419-447.



    Jacobides, M.G. (2005), “Industry change through vertical disintegration: How and Why markets emerged in mortgage banking,” Academy of Management Journal,Vol.48 , pp.465-498.

    Guo, J.T. and Lansing, K.J. (1999), “Optimal taxation of capital income with imperfectly competitive product markets,” Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control , Vol.23 , pp.967-995.

    Langlois, R.N. (2002), “Modularity in technology and organization,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization , Vol.49 , pp.19-37.

    Lucas, R.E. (1988), “On the mechanics of economic development,” Journal of Monetary Economics , Vol.22 , pp.3-42.

    Molana, H. and Moutos, T. (1992), “A note on taxation , imperfect competition and the balanced budget multiplier,” Oxford Economic Papers , Vol.43 , pp.68-74.

    Osang, T. and Pereira, A. (1996), “Import tariffs and growth in a small open economy,” Journal of Public Economics , Vol.60 , pp.45-71.

    Osang, T. and Turnovsky, S.J. (2000), “Differential tariffs, Growth, and welfare in a small open economy,” Journal of Development Economics , Vol.62 , pp.315-342.


    Romer, P.M. (1986), “Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth,” Journal of Political Economy , Vol.94 , pp.1002-1037.

    Sanchez, R. and Mahoney, J.T. (1996), “Modularity , flexibility , and knowledge management in product and organization design, ” Strategic Management Journal , Vol.17 , pp.63-76.

    Solow, R.M. (1956), “A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth,” Quarterly Journal of Economics , Vol.70 , pp.65-94.

    Startz, R. (1989), “Monopolistic Competition as a Foundation for Keynesian Macroeconomic Models,” Quarterly Journal of Economics , Vol.104 , pp.737-52.

    Turnovsky, S.J. (1996), “Fiscal Policy, Growth, and Macroeconomic Performance in a Small Open Economy,” Journal of International Economics , Vol.40 , pp.41-66.

    Turnovsky, S.J. (1997a), “Fiscal Policy in a Growing Economy with Public Capital,” Macroeconomic Dynamics , pp.1,615-639.

    Turnovsky, S.J. (1997b), “Equilibrium growth in a small open economy facing an imperfect world capital market,” Review of Development Economics , Vol.1 , pp.1-22.


    Turnovsky, S.J. (1999), “Fiscal policy and growth in a small open economy with elastic labor supply,” Canadian Journal of Economics , Vol.32 , pp.1191-1214.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    經濟學系
    100258004
    101
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0100258004
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    800401.pdf874KbAdobe PDF2121View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告 Copyright Announcement
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    The digital content of this website is part of National Chengchi University Institutional Repository. It provides free access to academic research and public education for non-commercial use. Please utilize it in a proper and reasonable manner and respect the rights of copyright owners. For commercial use, please obtain authorization from the copyright owner in advance.

    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    NCCU Institutional Repository is made to protect the interests of copyright owners. If you believe that any material on the website infringes copyright, please contact our staff(nccur@nccu.edu.tw). We will remove the work from the repository and investigate your claim.
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback