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    Title: 國立大學自主治理之制度設計
    Authors: 劉宗德
    Contributors: 法律系
    Keywords: 大學自主治理;大學自主治理委員會;績效管理;自主治理評鑑
    university self-governance;the university selfgovernance committee;performance management;evaluation of self-governance
    Date: 2013.07
    Issue Date: 2014-01-28 14:30:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 國家經由大學法創設大學之基本制度,並建立「校務會議—
    校長」之分權模式,且對大學預算、會計、審計、人事等法
    領域課予綿密之法令制約,長期以來國立大學被定位為行政
    機關,導致減損大學財務、會計及人事自主,不利大學績效
    責任。近年,日、韓、新加坡及香港早已改採如美國高教之
    「多元治理」方式,以經營公立大學。有關大學經營專業或
    公共議題之重大事務,交由具校外參與者之理事會決定,該
    等理事會不僅補強學術、產業之專業,亦有助大學校務發展
    與社會、企業及國際脈動相結合。
    本研究擬分二大面向進行:(一)於不影響國立大學教
    職員退撫及任用權益之前提下,聚焦處理「國立大學自主治
    理制度」法制化相關議題,以不修法為前提,避免不必要之
    大規模改革及法規增修,以減低校內外政策成本。(二)因
    應國立大學之特色及發展需求,研究其自主治理制度建立之
    可行性與相關配套措施。期能於全球化變動快速之時代,透
    過組織內部程序之彈性化,達成大學自主治理之設計目的。
    最後,透過文獻分析、各國法制比較研究等方法,逐步釐清
    爭點,檢視「國立大學自主治理制度」此一政策建議之適法
    性與可行性,參照國外立法、理論及實踐經驗,比較分析,
    以期擴展對此一問題理解之廣度及深度。
    Many states have created the basic system on their
    national universities through enacting related laws,
    which have established a decentralized model dividing
    powers between Principal and Council. State laws have
    also put strict legal restrictions concerning on
    budget, accounting, auditing, personnel etc, and as
    the reverse of the medal national university was long
    seen as an administrative organization, reducing its
    autonomy on many aspects, such as finance, accounting
    and personnel. However, this would cause undesirable
    effect on performance accountability of university.
    In recent years, Japan, Korea, Singapore and Hong
    Kong have already changed to American higher
    education model, known as a 'multiple control
    model', in order to manage their national
    universities. Through authorizing a council of
    external participants to decide important issues
    which relate to management or public affairs of
    university, university can improve its academic and
    industrial potentials, on the other hand it makes
    possible to keep university walking along with local
    society, business and international society.
    The main focus of this study is put on two points
    below: (a) Under the condition that the existing
    system concerning retirement and appointment of
    national University staff should not be affected,
    this study investigates related legal issues of 'The
    national university self-governance system '.
    Amendment of laws is here basically not considered,
    in order to avoid unnecessary large-scale reforms and
    reduce internal and external policy costs. (b) To
    match characteristics and needs of development of
    national universities, this study researches on
    feasibility of self-governance system and its related
    measures. At this time of globalization, any changes
    are made rapidly, so the main goal of self-governance
    system can only be achieved through increasing
    flexibility of internal procedures. At last, through
    analyzing literatures and using comparative legal
    study method, this study clarifies the issues on
    feasibility and legitimacy of 'national university
    self-governance system', referring to foreign
    legislations, theories, and practices.
    Relation: 行政院國家科學委員會
    計畫編號:NSC101-2410-H004-035
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[法律學系] 國科會研究計畫

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