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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/65122

    Title: 1989年中國與捷克斯洛伐克抗議活動中 媒體角色之比較分析
    A Comparative Analysis of Media Role in 1989 Protests in China and Czechoslovakia
    Authors: 梅斯勒
    Miessler, Jan
    Contributors: 朱立
    Chu, Leonard
    Miessler, Jan
    Keywords: 1989
    Rude Pravo
    Svobodne Slovo
    regime change
    mass media
    role of journalists
    People`s Daily
    World Economic Herald
    Rude Pravo
    Svobodne Slovo
    comparative analysis
    political parallelism
    media discourse
    Date: 2013
    Issue Date: 2014-04-01 11:23:59 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 這篇論文比較了中國與捷克斯洛伐克的媒體在1989年的抗議事件中所扮演的角色,政權對媒體機構的控制、記者對事件的態度,以及媒體在事發之前、當中與之後對事件本身的揭露,探討影響媒體對中國北京民主運動、捷克斯洛伐克絲絨革命的報導範圍之關鍵因素,並比較其對於抗議結果的影響。分析指出,媒體與記者在抗議事件中扮演了模糊但重要的角色,而影響此角色定位的關鍵因素大致在於媒體與政權的核心政治權力關係親近、西方式媒體專業專業思想的日益擴展,以及1980年代末中國與捷克的不同政治文化。事實上,兩個國家中官方媒體記者至少能暫時打破政權的機制,成了對立於目前仍舊普遍的、對媒體系統之比較研究的政治平行觀點的論述,指出政權轉變過程中政治與媒體關係之重要性。
    The thesis focuses on a Communist regime`s control over the media institutions, the attitudes of the journalists towards the protests, and the media discourses before, during and after the protests in China and Czechoslovakia in 1989. It presents and debates key factors that influenced domestic media coverage of China’s Tiananmen protests and Czechoslovakia’s Velvet Revolution by comparing and discussing their impact on the outcomes of the protests.
    The analysis suggests that the media and journalists played somewhat contradictory or ambivalent but important roles during the protest events. The main factors influencing those roles were proximity of the given media organization to the centre of regime`s political power, the proliferation of Western-style media professionalism, and differences in the Chinese and Czech political culture in the end of 1980s. The fact that in both countries, the journalists of the official media were able at least temporarily to break free from the regime`s control mechanisms serves as an argument against the hypothesis of political parallelism that is still prevalent in the comparative research on media systems and points out the importance of focusing on the relationship between political power and media during regime transformation.
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