本研究旨在藉由震災事故，探討個人對重大災變事件的意義化歷程。研究對象為「九二一」受創者，以受災程度的不同，選擇四名受災程度不同的參與者進行深度訪談，以探討影響意義建構的因素，以及創傷後的意義轉變，對個體適應的影響。結果發現影響個人意義建構內容的因素，包括情緒、事件在個人生命歷程中的意涵、事件在文化脈絡中的意涵、對個人重要的生命主題，以及個人的認知形式。這些因素造就了個人對於創傷事件所形塑意義內容的主體性，也突顯出認知改變的需要與可能。創傷事件撼動個人原有的認知系統，造成認知改變，而此認知失衡後的再平衡，可能即為成長的契機。 The purpose of this study was to discuss the process of meaning-making and its effect on adaptation when people confronted with major traumatic events. The depth interviews were conducted and the participants in this study were survivors from 921 earthquake. Four participants were recruited as the interviewees by different levels of traumatic experience. Results were showed that the content of meaning-making could be affected by emotion, meaning of events in human life, meaning of events in the culture, personal essential themes, and personal cognitive style. The subjectivity of the content of meaning-making is implicated the possibility of cognitive change. Traumatic events can shack personal cognitive construct, and make it to be enhanced or be changed. The opportunity for personal growth could be reopened in the re-balancing of cognitive constructs.