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    题名: Nonverbal Communication Skills in Young Children with Autism
    作者: 姜忠信
    Chiang.Chung-Hsin;Soong,Wei-Tsuen;Lin,Tzu-Ling;Sally J. Rogers
    贡献者: 心理系
    日期: 2008.05
    上传时间: 2014-07-22 12:01:28 (UTC+8)
    摘要: Objective:The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18–20-month-old, and 22 13–15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early Social Communication Scales [Mundy et al. 1996, Early social communication scales (ESCS)] were used to test three types of nonverbal communicative skills, i.e., joint attention, requesting, and social interaction. Both frequency and proportion analyses were done in group comparisons. Results (1) Two- to three-year-old children with autism displayed deficits in joint attention ability, especially high-level skills. (2) The deficit in terms of frequency of communication was marked even compared with typically developing infants with younger mental age. (3) Young children with autism had different nonverbal communication profile compared with all three comparison groups. Conclusion Early social-communicative difficulties in autism involve early triadic communications involving joint attention and possibly dyadic turn-taking skills, which has implications for both early screening and early intervention.
    關聯: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,38,1898-1906
    数据类型: article
    显示于类别:[心理學系] 期刊論文

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