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|Other Titles: ||The Relationship between Zhou Enlai and Peng Zhen (1928-1976)|
|Issue Date: ||2015-02-09 16:44:13 (UTC+8)|
Zhou Enlai and Peng Zhen were both very important political figures in the history of the Chinese Communist Party. Before the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Zhou and Peng did not have very pleasant political interactions. During the Rectification Movement in mid-1940s, Zhou was harshly criticized. Peng was one of the most active campaigners, and deeply involved in the struggle meetings targeted at Zhou. In spite of this negative experience in interaction, the relationship between Zhou and Peng developed smoothly from 1949 to the eve of the eruption of the Cultural Revolution. During which, Zhou mainly acted as premier of the government while Peng mainly served as the No. 2 leader of the Party Central Secretariat in charge of the Party’s daily works on behalf of the Party Center from 1956. The first reason that Zhou valued Peng is that the latter was in Mao Zedong’s good graces, and was entrusted by him to play a very crucial political role in elite politics and to handle the daily affairs of the Party Center. Secondly, in sharp contrast to Zhou and other Party leaders within the so-called First Front leadership, in early 1960s, Peng and Mao had shared considerable consensus over the issues regarding the policies of economic adjustment after the disastrous Great Leap Forward. To Zhou, Peng’s related political performance was very impressive. Thirdly, Zhou appreciated that Peng devoted himself to doing his best to support Zhou to run the Party-state. They not only cooperated well but also created much mutual respect and trust during the above political operations and interactions. On no account can the reality be ignored that Mao was the most crucial factor affecting the relationship between Zhou and Peng. When Peng gradually lost his graces from Mao, and the Supreme Leader expressed his dissatisfaction with Peng much more explicitly, Zhou had no choice but give up his political support toward Peng during the unfolding of the Cultural Revolution. Although Zhou once tried to ease Peng’s sufferings after his political purge, he did not seem to be active in his support of Peng to return to the political stage during the turbulent campaign.
|Relation: ||國立政治大學歷史學報, No.42, pp.261-302|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[外交學系] 期刊論文|
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