English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Post-Print筆數 : 27 |  Items with full text/Total items : 96274/126892 (76%)
Visitors : 32292031      Online Users : 294
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/73592


    Title: 青少年由寄養家庭轉安置機構經驗之初探
    Exploring the Experiences of Teenagers who Drifting from Foster Families to Residential Care Facilities
    Authors: 蔡舒涵
    Tsai, Shu Han
    Contributors: 謝美娥
    Hsieh, Mei O
    蔡舒涵
    Tsai, Shu Han
    Keywords: 轉安置
    寄養家庭
    安置機構
    家外安置
    青少年
    replacement
    foster family
    residential care facilities
    out-of-home care
    teenagers
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2015-03-02 10:17:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 家外安置是兒童保護服務中重要的一環,許多研究資料顯示,兒少因著不同因素在許多安置機構中流盪的情形日漸頻繁,當中尤以寄養家庭轉換至安置機構居多。本研究藉由質性研究的方法,探討青少年從寄養家庭轉換到安置機構的經驗,包含他們如何看待兩種安置環境的異同,與自己的轉安置經驗,以及在轉安置過程中面臨的困境與因應策略。透過研究希望了解:第一,青少年如何看待寄養家庭與安置機構兩種不同安置環境所提供服務之差異。第二,了解青少年的轉安置經驗,及他們在轉換過程中的主觀感受。第三,從生態系統理論與因應理論觀點,分析青少年轉安置原因,以及在轉換過程中面對的問題與因應方式。本研究更同時訪談轉安置青少年與服務過轉安置青少年的社工人員,以提高資料的多元性。
    依據研究目的,研究者以立意取樣的方式,挑選台北市、新北市與新竹縣共四所兒童少年安置及教養機構中,符合條件的青少年與社工人員共十四位進行一對一的深度訪談,研究結果如下列幾點:
    一、轉安置青少年認為寄養家庭與安置機構在三個層面上有所差異,(一)物質生活與規範層面;(二)角色關係層面,又區分為照顧者方面與同住同儕方面;(三)情緒層面。
    二、青少年認為轉安置對他們的影響包含正向與負向兩者,(一)負向影響:出現自我實現預言、感到自卑與自責、失去安全感、產生情緒疏離、難以建立穩定親密關係、出現兩極化的人際互動型態、改變人際關係、影響學校課業、未來社經地位低、人際關係疏離、社會支持系統薄弱;(二)正向影響:淡化不幸感受、減少偏差行為、發展個人優勢、培養樂觀心態。
    三、從生態系統觀點探討青少年轉安置的原因,包含(一)微視系統:青少年具嚴重偏差行為、寄養父母照顧負荷沉重、寄養父母對青少年有刻板印象、寄養家庭不當對待;(二)外部系統:社會局進行家庭重整失敗、法院轉向安置、
    寄養床位不足、寄養年限規範;(三)鉅視系統:寄養家庭較適合幼童的社會價值觀、獨立生活準備的價值觀。
    四、青少年轉安置後面臨的困境主要有三個方面,(一)機構生活方面:不適應機構作息與規範、不適應團體生活、對機構的期待與現實落差大;(二)學校方面:人際關係差、課業壓力沉重;(三)個人情緒方面:因機構污名化到自卑、離開寄養家庭出現分離焦慮、人際關係不佳引發情緒困擾。
    五、青少年面對轉安置困境所採取的因應策略,可區分為「問題焦點」與「情感焦點」兩大項:(一)問題焦點:直接表現攻擊或偏差行為、運用問題解決技巧、尋求重要他人協助、間接逃避問題、忽視問題、抱持樂觀看法,及忍耐不採取任何行動;(二)情感焦點:直接談論壓力來源以抒發情緒、從事嗜好轉移注意力、哭泣、情緒抒離、自我傷害,及不採取任何行動。
    六、本研究針對家外安置服務體系、實務工作方向、政府政策及未來研究此四方面提出建議,作為未來相關領域的機構和社工人員服務與研究之參考。
    Out-of-home caring is crucial in one of the child protection services, however previous studies have shown that the number of drifting youngsters is increasing. Most of them drift between foster families and residential care facilities. As results, we focused on the drifting experiences of teenagers by using qualitative analysis. The experiences include the differences between two environments and their own moving experiences, difficulties, and solutions.
    This study is trying to understand several facts in child drifting. First, in the teenagers’ point of view what are the differences between two environments, foster families and residential care facilities? Second, we tried to understand their feelings and experiences in transition. In addition, we analyzed the reasons, difficulties and solutions of placement movement via ecological and coping theories. Moreover, by increasing the variability in this study, we also interviewed the drifted teenagers and social workers who worked with this particular field.
    For our research purpose, we purposely sampled 14 teenagers and social workers in the foster families and residential care facilities in Taipei, Hsinchu city, and Hsinchu County. After one-on-one interview, we found sex results, which include:
    First, the replaced teenagers noted that there are three differences between foster families and residential care facilities, material provided, morals and rules, and their relationships (both the person took care of them and roommates).
    Second, the replacement experiences provided both positive and negative influences. The negative influences are self-fulfilling prophecy, low self-esteem and self-blame, loss of sense of security, emotional alienation, difficulties in stable intimate relationships, polarized patterns of human interactions, changing relationships, affected school works, low social and economic status in the future, interpersonal alienation, and weak social supporting systems. On the other hand, the positive affections include faded unfortunate feelings, reduced deviant behavior, personal strengths developed, and optimism cultivation.
    Third, we investigated the reasons of teenagers’ replacement via ecosystems perspective through micro system, external systems, and macro system. In the reasons of micro system, we have shown serious deviant behavior teenagers, heavy loaded foster parents, stereotyped foster parents, and foster families mistreatment; in external systems, family with failed reorganized by Social Bureau, placement decision made by the court, inadequate beds in foster care, time limitation in foster family; in macroscopic system, the foster home is more suitable for the social values of younger children, and the preparation of living independently.
    In addition, we found three main difficulties in replaced teenager: In the aspect of organization, they have problems in getting used to the lives and norms in the facility, group life, and the gap between the expectations for the organization versus the reality. In school, they face with poor social relationships and heavy loading in school works. In emotional aspects, they have low self-esteem due to social stigma, separation anxiety when leaving the foster families, and poor interpersonal relationships which cause emotional distress.
    Furthermore, the solutions for replacement problems can be divided into two aspects, "problem" and "emotional." In problem aspect, they tend to show a direct attraction or deviant behavior, they used problem-solving skills, seeking for helps from others, evading the issue, ignoring the problem, having optimistic thoughts, and the patience of not taking any action. As for emotional aspect, they talked out the pressure by directly expressing the emotion, diverted attention by doing hobbits, cried, expressed emotions by self-hurting, and not to take any action.
    In conclusion, this study focused on and provided suggestions in the system of out-of-home replacement services, the practical direction of services, and future government policies and researches. Our researches can serve as a reference for the policies of related facilities and future social workers.
    Reference: 一、中文部分
    內政部 (2000)。《社會工作辭典》。台北:內政部社區發展雜誌。
    內政部北區兒童之家 (2008)。《95~97年度入家個案特性分析》。桃園。
    王宜芬 (2002)。《寄養家庭環境對先天成癮兒童行為發展之影響》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    王毓棻 (1985)。《台北市寄養父母困擾問題之研究》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    王嘉瑜 (2011)。《兒童及少年安置機構社會工作者處遇經驗之研究》。靜宜大學社會工作與兒童少年福利學系碩士論文。
    台灣兒童暨家庭扶助基金會 (2008)。《家扶基金會家庭寄養服務二十五週年特輯》。台北。
    田美惠 (2002)。《影響寄養家庭流失因素之探討》。慈濟大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    江承曉 (1991)。《青少年的生活壓力、因應行為與其身心健康之相關研究》。國立台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文。
    何依芳 (2003)。《寄養家庭的壓力與調適》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    何素秋 (1998)。《兒童寄養父母工作滿足與持續服務意願調查之研究》。靜宜大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    余瑞長 (2002)。《育幼機構受虐兒童之社會適應研究─以內政部北區兒童之家為例》。中正大學社會福利研究所碩士論文。
    余漢儀 (1995)。《兒童虐待─現象檢視與問題反思》。台北:巨流。
    余漢儀 (1998)。《兒童保護模式之探討:兼論社工決策及家外安置》。台北:行政院國科會科資中心。
    吳淑名 (2004)。《寄養兒童之親、師及其互動研究》。國立高雄師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
    吳淑惠 (2003)。《原住民寄養兒童生活適應之研究》。嘉義大學家庭教育研究所碩士論文。
    吳蕙玲 (2000)。《高雄地區育幼機構提供兒童福利服務工作中問題探討》。國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所碩士論文。
    李佩芬 (2007)。《寄養家庭主要照顧者持續從事寄養家庭服務歷程之探討》。東吳大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    李路加 (1994)。《處遇機構收容少年服務需求之研究》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    周慧香 (1992)。《社會工作過程對寄養兒童生活適應影響之研究》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    林玉潔 (2005)。《影響少年安置滿意度之相關因素探究─以機構安置為例》。台灣大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    林俐君 (2000)。《育幼機構院童成長脈絡之探討─以受刑人子女為例》。台灣大學社會研究所碩士論文。
    卓雅苹 (2004)。《非行兒少安置輔導處遇中社會工作者之服務經驗探究》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系碩士班碩士論文。
    邱方晞 (1986)。《育幼院兒童性別角色、人格特質、社會適應之研究》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    邱智慧 (1988)。《家庭模式兒童福利機構內兒童生活適應之研究》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    胡幼慧 (2008)。《質性研究:理論、方法及本土女性研究實例》。台北:巨流出版。
    紀怡如 (2002)。《國中生依附關係、壓力知覺與其因應策略之相關研究》。國立屏東師範學院教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
    翁毓秀、曾麗吟譯,Milligan, I.原著(2009)。《安置兒童照顧─協同合作實務》。台北:洪葉文化。
    張婌文 (2007)。《台北市少年機構安置服務之研究─以中長期安置機構為例》。銘傳大學公共事務研究所碩士論文。
    張宏哲、林哲立、邱曉君、顏菲麗譯,Jose B. Ashford, Craig W. LeCroy, and Kathy L. Lortie原著 (2007)。《人類行為與社會環境》。台北:雙葉書廊。
    張燕華 (1993)。《寄養父母對親職教育之需求研究》。台灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文。
    畢國蓮 (2006)。《歷經長期機構安置兒少保護個案結案後的生活經驗初探》。國立台灣大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    許瑋倫 (2007)。《不同安置型態下兒少安置環境觀感之研究》。台灣大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    陳向明 (2009)。《社會科學質的研究》。台北:五南出版社。
    陳彥君 (2005)。《寄養家庭照顧受性侵害兒童及少年之經驗探討》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    陳桂絨 (2000)。《復原力的發現:以安置於機構之兒少保護個案為例》。東吳大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    陳錫欽 (2004)。《寄養父母生活經驗之研究》。嘉義大學家庭教育研究所碩士論文。
    郭靜晃 (2004)。《兒童福利》。台北:揚智文化。
    曾怡芳 (2000)。《家庭寄養服務之社會工作處遇模式探討》。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    曾華源、王篤強、李自強、陳玫伶、張詩韻 (2004)。《少年安置及教養機構服務類型與需求整體規劃研究》。內政部兒童局委託。
    曾華源 (2006)。《法院裁定少年轉向安置機構輔導服務之研究》。內政部兒童局委託研究。
    彭淑華 (2006)。保護為名,權控為實?─少年安置機構工作人員的觀點分析,《東吳社會工作學報》,第15期,頁1-36。
    彭淑華 (2007)。安置機構:保護他(她)?傷害他(她)?─兒童少年保護工作人員眼中之機構虐待圖像,《東吳社會工作學報》,第16期,頁1-36。
    黃貞容 (2002)。《育幼機構安置服務院童權益維護指標之研究》。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    黃梅琪 (2005)。《受虐兒在我家─寄養父母主觀寄養照顧歷程之探討》。東吳大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    黃鈺倫 (2001)。《什麼是兒童的最佳利益?兒保社工員對受虐兒童安置返家之決策及影響因素》。東吳大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    黃碧霞 (2008)。〈台灣兒童保護制度及兒童保護新觀念〉,載於王明仁編著,《兒童保護的模式與服務》,頁43-58。台中:家扶基金會。
    黃錦敦 (2005)。《受虐少年接受寄養安置之適應歷程研究》。國立高雄師範大學輔導與諮商研究所回流教育班碩士論文。
    楊素雲 (2004)。《寄養家庭困擾因應之研究─提前終止後並持續寄養服務之角色適應》。東海大學社會工作研究所博士論文。
    楊葆茨 (1998)。《寄養兒童社會行為、社工處遇與安置穩定性、內外控信念之研究》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    楊馥榮 (2000)。《受虐兒童及少年的因應策略與社會適應之研究》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    廖秋芬 (1997)。《社會工作員對兒童保護案件處遇計畫的價值抉擇之研究》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    劉邦富 (2003)。〈兒童保護個案寄養安置服務之探討〉,《兒童福利期刊》,第4期,頁209-218。
    劉美芝 (2002)。《機構安置受虐兒童社會適應之研究》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    劉淑怡 (2008)。《受虐兒童及少年家外安置的抉擇─從兒童少年保護社會工作者觀點出發》。國立政治大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    劉德勝 (1983)。《台灣地區不同模式育幼院兒童的自我概念與生活適應》。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    衛生福利部統計處(2015)。《兒童及少年福利服務、兒童及少年保護處置情形》。衛生福利部統計處網頁〈http://www.mohw.gov.tw/cht/DOS/〉。
    潘美玲 (2000)。《中途之家受虐少女處遇模式的探討》。暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    潘淑滿 (2003)。《質性研究:理論與應用》。台北:心理出版社。
    蔡本源 (2006)。《兒童少年保護服務社會工作者家外安置倫理決策取向之相關研究》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    蔡明珠 (2006)。《影響安置少年院內生活主觀感受因素之研究─以花蓮縣少年安置機構為例》。慈濟大學社會工作學系碩士班碩士論文。
    蔡柏英 (2002)。《迢迢的回家路─高雄市受虐兒童安置於寄養家庭生活適應之探討》。高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩士論文。
    鄭貴華 (2001)。《身體受虐兒童對家庭重聚接受意願之探討─以內政部中區兒童之家為例》。東海大學社會工作研究所碩士論文。
    鄭麗珍 (2006)。〈生態系統觀點〉,載於宋麗玉等編著,《社會工作理論─處遇模式與案例分析》,頁249-280。台北:洪葉文化。
    簡春安、鄒平儀 (2004)。《社會工作研究法》。台北:巨流出版社。
    簡美蘭 (1994)。《探討一個青少年個案提前終止寄養的因素》。中正大學心理學研究所碩士論文。
    藍采風 (1977)。《寄養服務與社會工作》。台北:中華兒童福利基金會。
    羅舒璘 (2003)。《沒有父母陪伴的孩子─兩位在育幼機構女孩之內心世界》。台北師範學院教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文。
    蘇麗華、王明鳳 (1998)。〈台北市寄養服務工作的現況與展望〉,《社區發展季刊》,第84期,頁112-118。

    二、外文部分
    Bailey, S., J. Thoburn and H. Wakeham (2002).’ Using the “Looking After Children” Dimensions to Collect Aggregate Data on Well-Being’, Child and Family Social Work, 7 (3): 189-201.
    Baker, A. J. L. and P. Curtis (2006). ‘Prior Placements of Youth Admitted to Therapeutic Foster Care and Residential Treatment Centers: The Odyssey Project Population’, Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 23 (1): 38-60.
    Barber, J. G. and P. H. Delfabbro (2003). ’Placement Stability and the Psychosocial Well-Being of Children in Foster Care’, Research on Social Work Practice, 13 (4): 415-431.
    Berrick, J. D. (1998). ‘ When Children Cannot Remain Home: Foster Family Care and Kinship Care’, The Future of Children, 8 (1): 72-87.
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Bronfenbrenner, U. (1992).’ Ecological systems theory’. In R. Vasta (ed.), Six Theories of Child Development: Revised Formulations and Current Issue, pp. 187-249. London: Jessica Kingsley.
    Browne, D. C. (1998). ‘ The Relationship Between Problem Disclosure, Coping Strategies and Placement Outcome in Foster Adolescents’, Journal of Adolescence, 21 (5): 585-597.
    Browne, D. (2002). ‘ Coping Alone: Examining the Prospects of Adolescent Victims of Child Abuse Placed in Foster Care’, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30 (1): 57-66.
    Chamberlain, P., J. M. Price, J. B. Reid, J. Landsverk, P. A. Fisher and M. Stoolmiller (2006).’ Who Disrupts from Placement in Foster and Kinship Care?’, Child Abuse & Neglect, 30 (4): 409-424.
    Chapman, M. V., A. Wall and R. P. Barth (2004). ‘Children’s Voices: The Perceptions of Children in Foster Care’, American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 74 (3): 293-304.
    Chipungu, S. S. and T. B. Bent-Goodley (2004). ‘ Meeting the Challenges of Contemporary Foster Care, The Future of Children, 14 (1): 74-93.
    Christiansen, Q., T. Havik and N. Anderssen (2010). ‘ Arranging Stability for Children in Long-Term Out-of-Home Care’, Children and Youth Services Review, 32 (7): 913-921.
    Colton, M. (1988a). ‘Foster and Residential Care Practices Compared’, British Association of Social Work, 18 (1): 25-42.
    Colton, M. (1988b). ‘Determinants of Substitute Child Care Practice’, British Association of Social Work, 18 (2): 113-135.
    Colton, M. (1989). ‘Foster and Residential Children’s Perceptions of Their Social Environments’, British Association of Social Work, 19 (1): 217-234.
    Colton, M. and W. Hellinckx (1994). ‘Residential and Foster Care in the European Community: Current Trends in Policy and Practice’, British Journal of Social Work, 24 (5): 559-576.
    Crosson-Tower, C. (2007). Exploring Child Welfare: A Practice Perspective. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
    Delfabbro, P. H., J. G. Barber and Y. Bentham (2002). ‘Children’s Satisfaction With Out-of-Home Care in South Australia’, Journal of Adolescence, 25 (5): 523-533.
    Egelund, T., K. Vitus (2009). ‘Breakdown of Care: the Case of Danish Teenage Placements’, International Journal of Social Welfare, 18 (1): 45-56.
    Eggertsen, L. (2008). ‘Primary Factors Related to Multiple Placements for Children in Out-of-Home Care’, Child Welfare, 87 (6): 71-90.
    Fanshel, D. and H. Mass (1962). ‘ Factorial Dimensions of the Characteristics of Children in Placement and Their Families’, Child Development, 33 (1): 123-144.
    Fanshel, D. and E. Shinn (1978). Children in Foster Care: A Longitudinal Investigation. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Folkman, S. and R. S. Lazarus (1980). ‘ An Analysis of Coping in a Middle-Aged Community Sample’, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 21 (3): 219-230.
    Folkman, S. and R. S. Lazarus (1988). ‘ Coping as A Mediator of Emotion’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54 (3): 466-475.
    Frydenberg, E. and R. Lewis (1991). ‘Adolescent Styles and Strategies: Is There Functional and Dysfunctional Coping?’, Australian Journal of Counselling and Guidance, 1 (1): 35-42.
    Frydenberg, E. & and R. Lewis (1993). ‘Boys Play Sport and Girls Turn to Others: Age, Gender and Ethnicity as Determinants of Coping’, Journal of Adolescence, 16 (3): 252-266.
    George, V. (1998). Foster Care: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge and Kegan.
    Greene, R. R. (1999). ‘Ecological Perspective: An Eclectic Theoretical Framework for Social Work Practice’. In R. R. Greene (ed.), Human Behavior Theory and Social Work Practice, pp.259-308. New York, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.
    Hyde, J. and N. Kammerer (2009). ’Adolescents’ Perspectives on Placement Moves and Congregate Settings: Complex and Cumulative Instabilities in Out-of-Home Care’, Children and Youth Services Review, 31 (2): 265-273.
    James, S., J. Landsverk and D. J. Slymen (2004). ‘ Placement Movement in Out-of-Home Care: Patterns and Predictors’, Children and Youth Services Review, 26 (2): 185-206.
    Justice, B. (1988).’ Stress, Coping and Health Outcomes’, in M. L. Russell (ed.), Stress Management for Chronic Disease, pp.14-29. Pergamon Press.
    Kadushin, A. (1980). Child Welfare Services. New York: Macmillan.
    Kalland, M. and J. Sinkkonen (2001). ’Finnish Children in Foster Care: Evaluating the Breakdown of Long-Term Placements’, Child Welfare, 80 (5): 513-527.
    Kraus, J. (1973). ’ Predicting Success of Foster Placement for School-Age Children’, Social Work, 16 (1): 63-71.
    Lazarus, R. S. and S. Folkman (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York: Springer Pub.
    Lazarus, R. S. (1966). Psychological Stress and the Coping Process. McGraw-Hill.
    Little, M., A. Kohm and R. Thompson (2005). ‘The Impact of Residential Placement on Child Development: Research and Policy Implications’, International Journal of Social Welfare, 14 (3): 200-209.
    Martin, J. A. (2000). Foster Family Care: Theory and Practice. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
    Moffatt, P. G. and J. Thoburn (2001). ‘ Outcomes of Permanent Family Placement for Children of Minority Ethnic Origin’, Child and Family Social Work, 6 (1): 13-21.
    Moos, R. H. and J. A. Schaefer (1993). ‘ Coping Resources and Processes: Current Concepts and Measures’, in L. Goldberger and S. Breznitz (ed.), Handbook of Stress Theoretical and Clinical Aspects(2nd ed.), pp.234-257. New York:Macmillan.
    Morrison, J., P. Assoc and F. Mishna (2005). ‘Knowing the Child: An Ecological Approach to the Treatment of Children in Foster Care’, Clinical Social Work Journal, 34 (4): 467-481.
    Newton, R. R., A. J. Litrownik and J. A. Landsverk (2000). ‘ Children and Youth in Foster Care: Disentangling the Relationship Between Problem Behaviors and Number of Placements’, Child Abuse & Neglect, 24 (10): 1363-1374.
    Oosterman, M., C. Schuengel, N. W. Slot, R. A. R. Bullens and T. A. H. Doreleijers (2007). ‘ Disruptions in Foster Care: A Review and Meta-Analysis’, Children and Youth Services Review, 29 (1): 53-76.
    Palareti, Laura and C. Berti (2009). ‘ Different Ecological Perspectives for Evaluating Residential Care Outcomes: Which Window for the Black Box?’, Children and Youth Services Review, 31 (10): 1080-1085.
    Pardeck, J. T. (1983). ‘ An Empirical Analysis of Behavioral and Emotional Problem of Foster Children Related to Re-placement in Care’, Child Abuse & Neglect, 7 (1): 75-78.
    Pardeck, J. T. (1984). ‘Multiple Placement of Children in Foster Family Care: An Empirical Analysis’, Social Work, 29 (6): 506-509.
    Pardeck, J. T. (1985). ‘A Profile of the Child Likely to Experience Unstable Foster Care’, Adolescence, 20 (79): 689-695.
    Palmer, S. E. (1992). ‘ Including Birth Families in Foster Placement: A British-Canadian Comparison’, Children and Youth Services Review, 14 (5): 407-425.
    Palmer S. E. (1996). ‘Placement Stability and Inclusive Practice in Foster Care: An Empirical Study’, Children and Youth Services Review, 18 (7): 589-601.
    Penzerro, R. M. and L. Lein (1995). ‘ Burning Their Bridges: Disordered Attachment and Foster Care Discharge’, Child Welfare League of America, 74 (2): 351-366.
    Perry, B. L. (2006). ‘ Understanding Social Network Disruption: The Case of Youth in Foster Care’, Social Problem, 53 (3): 371-391.
    Piliavin, I., M. Sosin, A. H. Westerfelt and M. Matsueda (1990). ‘ Toward a Longitudinal Analysis of Homelessness’, Journal of Social Issues, 46 (4): 157-174.
    Popple, P. and F. Vecchiolla (2007). Child Welfare Social Work: An Introduction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
    Sallnäs, M., B. VinnerIjung and P. K. Westermark (2004). ’Breakdown of Teenage Placements in Swedish Foster and Residential Care’, Child and Family Social Work, 9 (2): 141-152.
    Sinclair, I. and K. Wilson (2003). ‘ Matches and Mismatches: The Contribution of Cares and Children to the Success of Foster Placements’, British Journal of Social Work, 33 (7): 871-884.
    Smith, D. K., E. Stormshak, P. Chamberlain and R. B. Whaley (2001). ‘ Placement Disruption in Treatment Foster Care’, Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 9 (3): 200-205.
    Staff, I. and E. Fein (1995). ‘ Stability and Change: Initial Findings in A Study of Treatment Foster Care Placements’, Children and Youth Services Review, 17 (3): 379-389.
    Stone, N. and S. Stone (1983). ‘ The Prediction of Successful Foster Placement’, Social Casework, 64 (1): 11-17.
    Swenson (1979). ‘Social Networks, Mutual Aid and the Life Model of Practices’. In C. B. Germain (ed.), Social Work Practice: People and Environments, pp.215-266. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
    Unrau, Y. A. (2007). ‘ Research on Placement Moves: Seeking the Perspective of Foster Children’, Children and Youth Services Review, 29 (1): 122-137.
    Unrau, Y. U., J. R. Seita and K. S. Putney (2008). ‘Former Foster Youth Remember Multiple Placement Moves: A Journey of Loss and Hope’, Children and Youth Services Review, 30 (11): 1256-1266.
    Walsh, J. A. and R. A. Walsh (1990). ‘ Studies of the Maintenance of Subsidized Foster Placements in The Casey Family Program’, Child Welfare, 69 (2): 99-114.
    Ward, H. (2009). ‘Patterns of Instability: Moves within the Care System, Their Reasons, Contexts and Consequences’, Children and Youth Services Review, 31(10): 1113-1118.
    Wilson, L. and J. Conroy (1999). ‘Satisfaction of Children in Out-of-Home Care’, Child Welfare League of America, 78 (1): 53-69.
    Wulczyn. F., J. Kogan and B. J. Harden (2003). ‘ Placement Stability and Movement Trajectories’, The Social Service Review, 77 (2): 212-236.
    Description: 碩士
    國立政治大學
    社會工作研究所
    97264001
    100
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097264001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[社會工作研究所 ] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    400101.pdf1621KbAdobe PDF621View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback