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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/73592

    Title: 青少年由寄養家庭轉安置機構經驗之初探
    Exploring the Experiences of Teenagers who Drifting from Foster Families to Residential Care Facilities
    Authors: 蔡舒涵
    Tsai, Shu Han
    Contributors: 謝美娥
    Hsieh, Mei O
    Tsai, Shu Han
    Keywords: 轉安置
    foster family
    residential care facilities
    out-of-home care
    Date: 2011
    Issue Date: 2015-03-02 10:17:17 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 家外安置是兒童保護服務中重要的一環,許多研究資料顯示,兒少因著不同因素在許多安置機構中流盪的情形日漸頻繁,當中尤以寄養家庭轉換至安置機構居多。本研究藉由質性研究的方法,探討青少年從寄養家庭轉換到安置機構的經驗,包含他們如何看待兩種安置環境的異同,與自己的轉安置經驗,以及在轉安置過程中面臨的困境與因應策略。透過研究希望了解:第一,青少年如何看待寄養家庭與安置機構兩種不同安置環境所提供服務之差異。第二,了解青少年的轉安置經驗,及他們在轉換過程中的主觀感受。第三,從生態系統理論與因應理論觀點,分析青少年轉安置原因,以及在轉換過程中面對的問題與因應方式。本研究更同時訪談轉安置青少年與服務過轉安置青少年的社工人員,以提高資料的多元性。
    Out-of-home caring is crucial in one of the child protection services, however previous studies have shown that the number of drifting youngsters is increasing. Most of them drift between foster families and residential care facilities. As results, we focused on the drifting experiences of teenagers by using qualitative analysis. The experiences include the differences between two environments and their own moving experiences, difficulties, and solutions.
    This study is trying to understand several facts in child drifting. First, in the teenagers’ point of view what are the differences between two environments, foster families and residential care facilities? Second, we tried to understand their feelings and experiences in transition. In addition, we analyzed the reasons, difficulties and solutions of placement movement via ecological and coping theories. Moreover, by increasing the variability in this study, we also interviewed the drifted teenagers and social workers who worked with this particular field.
    For our research purpose, we purposely sampled 14 teenagers and social workers in the foster families and residential care facilities in Taipei, Hsinchu city, and Hsinchu County. After one-on-one interview, we found sex results, which include:
    First, the replaced teenagers noted that there are three differences between foster families and residential care facilities, material provided, morals and rules, and their relationships (both the person took care of them and roommates).
    Second, the replacement experiences provided both positive and negative influences. The negative influences are self-fulfilling prophecy, low self-esteem and self-blame, loss of sense of security, emotional alienation, difficulties in stable intimate relationships, polarized patterns of human interactions, changing relationships, affected school works, low social and economic status in the future, interpersonal alienation, and weak social supporting systems. On the other hand, the positive affections include faded unfortunate feelings, reduced deviant behavior, personal strengths developed, and optimism cultivation.
    Third, we investigated the reasons of teenagers’ replacement via ecosystems perspective through micro system, external systems, and macro system. In the reasons of micro system, we have shown serious deviant behavior teenagers, heavy loaded foster parents, stereotyped foster parents, and foster families mistreatment; in external systems, family with failed reorganized by Social Bureau, placement decision made by the court, inadequate beds in foster care, time limitation in foster family; in macroscopic system, the foster home is more suitable for the social values of younger children, and the preparation of living independently.
    In addition, we found three main difficulties in replaced teenager: In the aspect of organization, they have problems in getting used to the lives and norms in the facility, group life, and the gap between the expectations for the organization versus the reality. In school, they face with poor social relationships and heavy loading in school works. In emotional aspects, they have low self-esteem due to social stigma, separation anxiety when leaving the foster families, and poor interpersonal relationships which cause emotional distress.
    Furthermore, the solutions for replacement problems can be divided into two aspects, "problem" and "emotional." In problem aspect, they tend to show a direct attraction or deviant behavior, they used problem-solving skills, seeking for helps from others, evading the issue, ignoring the problem, having optimistic thoughts, and the patience of not taking any action. As for emotional aspect, they talked out the pressure by directly expressing the emotion, diverted attention by doing hobbits, cried, expressed emotions by self-hurting, and not to take any action.
    In conclusion, this study focused on and provided suggestions in the system of out-of-home replacement services, the practical direction of services, and future government policies and researches. Our researches can serve as a reference for the policies of related facilities and future social workers.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097264001
    Data Type: thesis
    Appears in Collections:[社會工作研究所 ] 學位論文

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