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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/77353

    Title: 心靈、因果、與責任:以台灣為基地建構具東亞學術主體性的全球網絡---(子計畫八)伊本西納的身心靈整合論的形上學探索
    Other Titles: An Investigation on the Metaphysical Foundation of Ibn Sina’s Integral Theory of Body, Mind and Spirit
    Authors: 蔡源林
    Contributors: 宗教研究所
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2015-08-04 16:37:53 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 中世紀伊斯蘭的心靈哲學,上承古希臘柏拉圖、亞里士多德以降的身心二元論及靈魂不朽的基本理路,但卻在伊斯蘭的「獨一神論」(Tawhid)的神學前提之下,開啟了不同於古希臘、亦不同於中國、印度等亞洲思想傳統的獨特心靈哲學。首次促成希伯來一神論與希臘二元論形上學兩種思想體系的綜合者,為出身於中亞的哲學家與醫學家伊本․西納(Ibn Sina,980-1037)。伊本․西納著作涵蓋自然哲學、醫學、倫理學、邏輯、形上學,在西方哲學史上為亞里士多德之後第二位百科全書式的思想大師,其畢生最重要的兩部傳世巨著為醫學百科全書《醫典》(Qanun al-Tibb),以及形上學巨構《治療論》(Kitab al-Shifa’),本研究將通過對伊本․西納這兩部巨著及其他相關原典的分析,探索其如何理解身、心、靈三個界面之間互動與協調的因果關係。 本計畫第一年處理伊本․西納的身心靈整合論與希臘哲學身心二元論的傳承關係,以及其如何引入伊斯蘭獨一神論來解決亞里士多德身心整合的難題,又如何回應伊斯蘭神學的反自然因果律之挑戰;第二年探索伊本․西納的心靈哲學與醫學、倫理學、律法學與救贖論的關聯,以便更完整的論述其形上學體系的實踐層面;第三年則透過前兩年與古典及現代心靈哲學、法學與腦神經科學的對話成果,對伊本․西納的身心靈整合的形上學體系提出批判性與創造性的詮釋,並針對上述學科所面臨的重大議題,提出立基於伊斯蘭哲學觀點的解決之道。
    The Islamic philosophy of mind inherited the Platonic and Aristotelian traditions of body-mind dualism and the immortality of the soul in Late Antique and reconstructed them within the theological framework of the Islamic doctrine of Tawhid. So it departed from the Hellenic traditions and also made a distinction with other Asian ones. The Central Asian philosopher and physician Ibn Sina (or Avicenna, 980-1037) was the first towering figure who made a creative synthesis of the Hebrew monotheism and the Greek dualistic metaphysics. Ibn Sina’s works cover a wide range of subjects, such as natural philosophy, medicine, ethics, logic and metaphysics, so that he has been regarded as the second encyclopedic master after Aristotle in the history of philosophy. My three-year project based upon his two masterpieces, Qanun al-Tibb (The Canon of Medicine) and Kitab al-Shifa’ (The Book of the Healing), and other relevant original works attempts to make a critical and creative interpretation of his integral theory of body, mind and spirit and explore its metaphysical foundation. In the first year, I trace the intellectual lineages of Ibn Sina’s integral theory along the two streams of the classical Greek body-mind dualism and the Islamic dialectic theology (Kalam). The latter was brought by Ibn Sina to resolve the problem derived from the ambiguous arguments regarding the nature of the soul by Aristotle. I also elaborate Ibn Sina’s critique on the Muslim theologians’ refutations of natural causation in favor of God’s creation through free will. In the second year, I investigate the relationship between Ibn Sina’s philosophy of mind on the one hand and his medical science, ethics, Islamic law and soteriology on the other hand. In the last year, I conclude my critical interpretation on the basis of my inter-disciplinary dialogues with my teammates in the areas of the modern philosophy of mind, neuroscience and jurisprudence in the previous two years. I try to shed new light on the crucial issues of body-mind relationship debated in modern sciences in terms of the Islamic viewpoint.
    Relation: NSC102-2420-H004-015-MY3
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[宗教研究所] 國科會研究計畫

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