近年來全球環境變遷、氣候異常現象，使得台灣天然災害頻率增加、強度增強。由於台灣山坡地地質脆弱，坡度陡峭，河川湍急短促，加上颱風、豪雨頻繁，屢屢釀成土石流失、崩塌及土石流等天然災害，再加上台灣約有73%的人口是居住在有三種以上災害可能衝擊之地區。地震與颱洪災害是台灣最常面對的。特別是在921 地震後土石鬆軟，颱風挾帶之豐沛雨量，不僅造成山崩、土石流災害，並亦沖毀道路橋樑中斷道路及部落間的連繫，也造成農業、交通設備的巨大經濟損失。 鑒於台灣位於極易受災的地區，如何協助地方政府鄉鎮層級災害防救任務協調與執行能力之提升，以降低國土環境之脆弱性，並提高災害防救第一線—鄉鎮市層級之回復力，已成為重要的研究課題。近年來，國外已累積有不少探討脆弱度（vulnerability）及回復力（resilience）之研究，將脆弱度及回復力觀念運用於探討環境管理之相關研究，亦已成國際上新興之研究趨勢。反觀國內，有關脆弱度及回復力觀念尚屬起步階段，而將此觀念運用於空間規劃與防救災管理之研究仍相當有限。因此，本研究第一年嘗試運用回復力觀念，來建立鄉鎮區層級可操作之評估指標與模式，第二年則以高雄市鄉鎮區進行實證研究。希望透過本研究，能夠建立具體可操作、並適用於本土之評估指標與模式，藉由整合不同層級空間研究之其他子計畫，將可提供各級政府制定相關空間規劃政策（國土規劃、城鄉計畫、都市計畫、農村規劃等）及災害防救政策之參考。 With the phoneme of climate change, Taiwan will face morefrequently and severe natural disasters. Due to the weak geology, steepslope, high gradient and rapid velocity of stream, Taiwan was usually suffered from soil erosion, landslide and debris flow during the typhoon and torrential rainfall season. Earthquake, typhoon and flood are the most common natural disasters in Taiwan. Taiwan may be the most vulnerable area in the world, because 73% of the people live in the places where at least 3 natural hazards may impact. The 921 earthquake in 1999 caused softy of soils and sands which led to debris flow whenever there is heavy rainfall. Since Taiwan is located in disasters vulnerable area, how to reduce vulnerabilities and enhance resilience thus become very important issues for spatial planning and management in different level governments should consider some measures to reduce vulnerabilities and enhance resilience. In the past few years, many researches focused on vulnerability and resilience. Applying the concepts of vulnerability and resilience on spatial planning and management are very popular recently. However, vulnerability and resilience related studies just started in Taiwan. Very few researches have done to apply these concepts on management system of urban disaster. Therefore, this study tries to applying these concepts to township level spatial planning and management and establishes assessment resilience indictors and model in the first year. In the second year, this study will chose Kaohsiung metropolitan as case study area. This study will finally establish a proper resilience assessment model which is suitable in urban level. Through this kind of research as well as others in different spatial levels, they will provide some principles and strategies for future spatial planning and disaster management policies.