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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/114335

    Title: 混合式選制下的投票思維:台灣與日本國會選舉變革經驗的比較
    Voting Behavior under Mixed Electoral System: A Comparison between Taiwan and Japan during the Electoral Transition
    Authors: 王鼎銘
    Wang, Ding-Ming
    Keywords: 混合式選制;日本眾議員選舉;台灣立法委員選舉;一致與分裂投票;投票穩定與變遷
    Mixed system;Japan House Election;Taiwan Legislative Election;strait-and split-ticket voting;voting stability and change
    Date: 2009-11
    Issue Date: 2017-11-02 16:14:38 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 邇來以融合「單一選區多數決制」與「比例代表制」兩種選制精神的「混合式選制」(Mixed or Hybrid Systems),深受各界的重視。相關的研究除針對混合選制的內涵進行概念性界定與歸類,另外亦聚焦於該選制與多元社會的發展關連、與選民策略性分裂投票行爲的連結、對既有選舉文化及政黨競爭策略的互動、甚或對政黨體系形塑的影響等。本文則是透過「日本選舉研究」(JES)與「台灣選舉與民主化調查」(TEDS)所彙整的個體層次民調資料,比較台日兩國分別從「單記非讓渡投票制」變革爲「單一選區兩票並立制」後,選民投票思維乃至政黨體系發展等的差異。
    Mixed or Hybrid electoral system, a combination of single-member district with plurality (SMD) and proportional representation (PR), has drawn a lot of attention from all over the world in the past few years. Recent studies have focused on its characters and classifications, its impact on the diversified social development, the connection with strategic voting behavior, the interaction with the campaign strategy and party competition, and the formulation of new party system. Based on the survey conducted by Japanese Election Study (JES) and Taiwanese Election and Democratization Study (TEDS), we compare the dynamic voting behaviors between Japan and Taiwan, since both of them follow the same routine of electoral transformation from SNTV to Mixed system.
    The results show there do have some difference, especially the ticket splitting of the two ballots and the voting stability during system transition, between two countries. From the cross sectional data analysis, we find KMT and DPP received more consistent support in two separate ballots, comparing with the major parties in Japan. As for the panel data results, the convergence to major parties is confirmed in both countries while the trend is more obvious in Taiwan once again. In short, we find the small parties in Taiwan have relative little room for competition, comparing with those in Japan, under new Mixed system. The formulation of two party system is quite noticeable in Taiwan.
    Relation: 選舉研究 , 16(2) , 101-130
    Data Type: article
    DOI 連結: http://dx.doi.org/10.6612%2ftjes.2009.16.02.101-130
    DOI: 10.6612/tjes.2009.16.02.101-130
    Appears in Collections:[選舉研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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