本文以湖北省藕鎮為個案，採用民族誌的調查路徑，以探討網吧產業嵌入農村之後對留守兒童的社會交往所產生的影響問題。研究發現，農村人口的城市流動導致了農村的空心化，而網吧產業正好「乘虛而入」，爭奪孩子們的市場。心智未成熟的留守兒童由於缺少自控能力，很難經受住誘惑，而將大量的時間和精力都耗在了網路世界裡，儘管他們體驗了到「快樂」，消解了他們的孤獨與無聊，但是他們的社會交往活動也被捲入到了遊戲產業鏈之中。這不僅影響了他們與大人們之間的交流，而且也深刻影響到了他們社會交往中社會資本的建構，導致其社會資本出現了弱勢積累的問題。這使他們無心讀書而陸陸續續退學之後，開始了他們流動的打工生活。 The paper that takes Ou Town in Hubei Province as a case, studies the influence on the socialization of left-behind children after the intrusion of the Internet café industry into rural areas by ethnographic investigation. This study figures out a large number of migrant workers crowding into urban areas left nothing but the hollowing-out in rural regions. Unfortunately, the Internet café industry makes use of this chance to scramble for the children's market. Mentally immature left-behind children find it hard to resist the temptation because of lack of self-control, so that they waste massive amount of time and energy in the virtue world. Despite they have experienced the ＂pleasure＂, and relieved from loneliness and boredom, their interaction activities have also been involved in the online game industry chain. This does not only exert impacts on the communication among people, but also on the construction of social capital in their social interaction, which leads to the disadvantaged accumulation of social capital. The group affected by the network, inadvertently learns at school and drops out one after another, ending up in their flow-life work from one city to another.