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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/123681

    Title: 奇蹟的背後:台灣的人類發展與不平等(1960-2012年)
    Behind the miracle: human development and inequality in Taiwan, 1960-2012
    Authors: 郝凱揚
    Hawkins, Nicholas B.
    Contributors: 李為楨

    Lee Wei-chen
    Li Fu-chung

    Hawkins, Nicholas B.
    Keywords: 人類發展
    Human development
    Economic miracle
    United Nations
    World Bank
    Date: 2014
    Issue Date: 2019-06-03 13:04:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 台灣因第二次世界大戰後的卓越經濟發展而著名:這就是常常被提及的經濟「奇蹟」。台灣的經濟成就不勝枚舉,舉凡有迅速的工業化、持續多年的百分之六到七的GDP成長率、特高的儲蓄率、健全的基礎設施投資、高度的教育及健康水準等等。更令人敬佩的是,成長的益處普遍由大眾共享:台灣於奇蹟期間一直維持著相當低的不平等程度。
    Taiwan is famous for its spectacular economic growth after World War II, which has often been called a “miracle.” The list of Taiwan’s economic achievements is long: it includes rapid industrialization, sustained annual GDP growth of six to seven percent, high savings rates, strong investment in infrastructure, and high levels of education and health, to name a few. Even more impressively, the benefits of growth were widely shared: Taiwan had very low levels of inequality throughout the miracle.
    Many studies have sought to explain the causes of Taiwan’s economic miracle. The conventional view, as expressed by the World Bank, gives a great deal of credit to government policies that ensured a stable macroeconomic environment for growth. Others have offered cultural explanations for East Asia’s economic success, citing the Confucian emphasis on hard work and education. Some even suggest that East Asian development was facilitated by authoritarian government.
    This thesis argues that such explanations focus too much on the role of experts and give short shrift to the contributions of ordinary people. Also, they tend to speak of development as if it refers only to economic growth, when it really ought to mean increased well-being. There are many ways to define well-being, but the key point is that people deserve the right to decide what sort of well-being they want to pursue. It is wrong to praise Taiwan’s leaders for achieving high growth while ignoring the fact that Taiwan’s economic miracle took place during a period of political repression and martial law, and it is also wrong to assume that GDP growth necessarily improves people’s lives. In the first chapter, I explore human development as an improvement on the traditional income-centered approach to economic development. In the second chapter, I critique the mainstream views of Taiwan’s economic miracle and offer some alternative explanations of Taiwan’s success. In the final chapter, I examine whether various aspects of well-being have continued to improve in the years after the miracle.
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    Description: 碩士
    Source URI: http://thesis.lib.nccu.edu.tw/record/#G0097158018
    Data Type: thesis
    DOI: 10.6814/THE.NCCU.Taiwan.001.2019.A04
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Taiwan History] Theses

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