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Jingming Daoism and Local Jiangxi Society in the Ming Dynasty
Wang, Richard G.
Jingming dao 淨明道(The Pure and Bright Way [of Loyalty and Filiality];Liu Yuanran 劉淵然;Shi'er zhenjun 十二真君(Twelve Perfected Lords);temple network;lineage
|Issue Date: ||2019-11-29 09:23:00 (UTC+8)|
From the perspective of such local religious practices as the domiciles of the Shi'er zhenjun 十二真君 (Twelve Perfected Lords), the worship of their sacred sites, seasonal festival celebrations regarding Jingming zhongxiao dao (The Pure and Bright Way of Loyalty and Filiality) or simply Jingming dao, the response of the local Jiangxi Jingming dao tradition towards Liu Yuanran's 劉淵然 Jingming genealogy artificially reconstructed by elite Daoists, the Daoist temple networks of Nanchang and Ruizhou prefectures that span ten counties and one subprefecture, and local incense worship, this essay investigates Jingming dao of the Ming and situates it within the patterns of local Jiangxi society. Applying anthropological approaches and methodology to the social history of Daoism, the author of this study concludes that there was never any concrete transmission of Jingming liturgical methods during the Ming in the region in which Jingming dao originated and prevailed. Since the Ming, Jingming dao on the one hand referred to the Daoist movement that revered Xu zhenjun 許真君 (Perfected Lord Xu [i.e. Xu Xun 許遜]) and emphasized ideas of loyalty and filiality. On the other hand, it denoted the local Jiangxi deity worship of the Shi'er zhenjun, which included Xu Xun as a protective god of Jiangxi. Reflected in seasonal festivals, this Daoist movement associated with Jiangxi local deity worship was enlivened and prolonged through Jingming dao temple networks. In this sense, all Daoist priests active within the Daoist temple networks were considered Jingming Daoists, and the local patrons and lineages involved in the worship of the Jiangxi protective god Xu zhenjun constituted Jingming dao followers and communities. Jingming dao was both an open-ended and localized movement in the Ming, a characteristic which significantly distinguished it from other Daoist schools or lineages.
|Relation: ||華人宗教研究, 10, 59-168|
|Data Type: ||article|
|Appears in Collections:||[華人宗教研究] 期刊論文|
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