Massage, moxibustion and gymnastics (daoyin; lit. “guiding and pulling”) are all popular methods for healings and preserving health in both traditional and modern Chinese societies. By analyses of health handbooks this project is aimed at a survey of the practices of these medical therapies and bodily techniques and the ways of their circulation in Ming-Qing society. The first question to be raised is why massage and moxibustion, despite their celebrity by the laity, were gradually marginalized from the learned medical landscape and highly despised by the royal physicians and scholarly doctors in late imperial China. For explanation I suggest that the rising status of “Confucian doctors”, the changing theories of pediatrics, the medical competition between elite doctors, popular healers and folk therapists, and Confucian gender segregation, all help to reshape the boundaries between learned and popular medicine and should be detailed with priority. Secondly, the influences from Daoist, Buddhist and sectarianism in which massage, moxibustion and gymnastics were likely practiced should also be taken into account. Thirdly, I will focus on the transmission of massage, moxibustion and gymnastics as healing arts by examining and comparing the different forms of their texts – ranging from manuscript, engraved print and modern typeset print. In doing so it will help to clarify how they were circulated in the society from below, as well as show the gap between oral and written traditions, secretly transmitted and open knowledge. Last but not least, as some of these techniques-oriented texts are illustrated, either delicately or vulgarly, it will be interesting to compare these text and illustration and see what kind of roles they have played in the transmission of massage, moxibustion and gymnastics in Ming-Qing China.