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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/51996


    Title: 選制變遷之效應---分析方法的探討及對我國立委選制變遷影響之研究(II)
    Other Titles: Consequences of Electroal System Change---Methodology and Its Application to the Study of Taiwan's Shift to the Mixed-Member Majoritarian System
    Authors: 黃紀
    Contributors: 行政院國家科學委員會
    國立政治大學政治學系
    Keywords: 選舉制度;選制變遷之效應;因果推論;立委選舉;分裂投票
    electoral systems, consequences of electoral system change, causal analysis, , Legislative Yuan elections, split-ticket voting
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2011-11-14 16:52:16 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 民主國家的憲政結構規範了權力的分配、行使與互動的整體架構,而與之搭配的選舉制度(electoral system),往往決定了誰能進入該權力結構內扮演何種角色,因此有舉足輕重的影響力。2005年六月國民大會完成複決修憲,其內容除了廢除國大、公投入憲之外,最引人矚目的莫過於立委席次減半、任期改為四年,以及立委選舉由目前之「單記不可讓渡制」改為「單一選區兩票制」等,這不僅對我國之立委選舉制度是一大變革,而且對於政黨消長、競選策略、選民之投票行為,以及立法院生態、行政與立法之關係、政策形成與後果等都勢必影響深遠。2007年的第七屆立委選舉將首次適用新選制,因此堪稱是台灣民主發展過程中舉足輕重的一次關鍵選舉,值得深入研究。本三年期研究計畫的目標有二。一、在研究設計與方法方面:從方法學的角度檢視文獻中常見的選制變遷效應分析方法,評估其因果推論上之優缺點,進而提出一套最適宜評估我國選制變遷效果的研究設計與分析方法。本計畫第一年期將循著「質量並用研究法」中之QUAL+QUAN設計,在學理的關照下,發展兼顧質性與量化研究的設計。亦即進行案例內質的比較歷史研究,以及量的定群(panel)再訪設計等。二、在應用分析方面:將上述設計應用至2007年的第七屆立委選舉及後續發展。本計畫第二、三年期,不但將2007年新制立委選舉與先前「單記不可讓渡制」選制下的立委選舉進行案例內的比較,追索其演變過程之軌跡(process tracing),而且以台灣的2004與2007年之定群再訪資料和日本1994年選制變遷前後之眾議院選舉定群再訪資料相互比較,以推論我國立委選制變革之影響。
    The constitutional structure defines the allocation of power and the relationships among political institutions. However, it is the electoral system nested inside the constitutional structure that determines who will be chosen to take the various political positions and exercise the power of authoritative value allocation. In May of 2005, an election was held to select the National Assembly delegates, who will vote on constitutional amendments proposed by the Legislative Yuan in August 2004. In the following month, the National Assembly overwhelmingly passed the constitutional amendments which, among other things, reduce the seats of the Legislative Yuan from 225 to 113, and change its electoral system from the single nontransferable vote (SNTV) into the mixed-member majoritarian (MMM) system. This change is expected to produce significant effects not only on the current multi-party system, their interrelationship, and campaign strategies, but also on the electorate』s voting behavior and choices. This proposed research project intends to assess the political consequences of Taiwan』s electoral system change of the Legislative Yuan election in 2007. The purpose of this three-year research project is twofold. 1. To develop a research design that best fits the objective of assessing the effects of electoral system change in Taiwan. During the first year of the project, I will develop a research design based on the mixed research methods which combine both qualitative (QUAL) and quantitative (QUAN) data to answer the research question. 2. To apply the research design to compare the 7th Legislative Yuan election to be held in late 2007 based on the MMM system with the previous five elections based on the SNTV system. Besides the within-case comparison for process tracing, this project also plans to compare Japan』s transition in 1994 from SNTV to MMM system with Taiwan』s experiences.
    Relation: 基礎研究
    學術補助
    研究期間:9708~ 9807
    研究經費:1202仟元
    Source URI: http://grbsearch.stpi.narl.org.tw/GRB/result.jsp?id=1342270&plan_no=NSC96-2414-H004-042-SS3&plan_year=97&projkey=PF9706-0399&target=plan&highStr=*&check=0&pnchDesc=%E9%81%B8%E5%88%B6%E8%AE%8A%E9%81%B7%E4%B9%8B%E6%95%88%E6%87%89---%E5%88%86%E6%9E%90%E6%96%B9%E6%B3%95%E7%9A%84%E6%8E%A2%E8%A8%8E%E5%8F%8A%E5%B0%8D%E6%88%91%E5%9C%8B%E7%AB%8B%E5%A7%94%E9%81%B8%E5%88%B6%E8%AE%8A%E9%81%B7%E5%BD%B1%E9%9F%BF%E4%B9%8B%E7%A0%94%E7%A9%B6
    Data Type: report
    Appears in Collections:[政治學系] 國科會研究計畫

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