English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 85748/114395 (75%)
Visitors : 22905766      Online Users : 121
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    政大機構典藏 > 文學院 > 中國文學系 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/71574
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/71574


    Title: 試論奠基歌仔戲活戲養分的「真本歌仔」《山伯英台》
    Other Titles: On the Foundation of Improvisation in Taiwanese Koa-á Opera: "Genuine Koa-á," Shanbo and Yintai
    Authors: 蔡欣欣
    Tsai, Hsin-Hsin
    Contributors: 中文系
    Keywords: 真本歌仔;《山伯英臺》;插曲;(斬手)頭;作活戲
    "genuine koa-á";Shanbo and Yintai;chhah khek (episodic aria);cham thâu (performance routines);improvisation
    Date: 2013-09
    Issue Date: 2014-11-20 11:31:14 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 部分資深歌仔戲藝人,提及在啟蒙學戲階段,由師傅以代代相傳的「真本歌仔」,作為訓練唸白、作韻、唱腔、作表等表演技藝的基礎教材,通過記誦熟背與模仿演練,成為奠定「腹內」功底與即興「作活戲」的養分。這類「真本歌仔」源自於「歌子冊」說唱文本,繼承傳統民間歌謠「四句聯唱念」形式,在藝人加工錘鍊與舞臺實踐演出後,逐漸形成劇情固定、段落分明、唱詞定型的文本,以「文戲」與「古路戲」為主;而二戰後競爭激烈的內台歌子戲劇壇,更發展出由演員靠腹內自編自演,或特邀編劇來構思編排,以「八句聯對答」為訴求的「真本歌子戲」。本文中以「真本歌仔」《山伯英臺》為具體研究對象,分析戲齣中如〈嘆五更〉、〈思君歌〉、〈哭尪歌〉、〈買菜歌〉與〈十二碗菜〉等「插曲」唱段,其可由藝人自行發揮應用,或純就豐富表演與調劑情需要穿插在戲齣中;然亦可以搭配特定情節或場景,展示抒情或敘事的功能性,甚至可作為表演套路的特定唱段,發展出如〈草橋結拜〉、〈學堂拜先生〉〈遊西湖賞花〉、〈英臺病相思請醫〉、〈山伯病相思開藥方〉、〈王婆開店〉、〈英臺刺繡〉與〈安童哥買菜〉等各類「(斬手)頭」,通過習藝模仿到「刻模子」定型,可套用或活用到相關戲齣情節中。
    When senior performers of Taiwanese Koa-á Opera recalled their early years of apprenticeship, they often mentioned a manuscript of ”genuine koa-á,” which was passed down in their troupes from generation to generation. The genuine koa-á had to be memorized by heart and practiced constantly. It was regarded as the essential training for theatrical competence (such as reciting, rhyming, singing, and acting) that nourished a performer's virtuosity and artistry to improvise. The ”genuine koa-á” originated from ”koa-á chheh” (a booklet of koa-á verses used for acting and singing), with the traditional narrative form of ”sì-kù-liân” (the ”four verse stanza” for singing and reciting). It was integrated with the performers' artistry and expertise and gradually became texts with fixed plots, accompanying music and lyrics. Among these texts, the ”kóo lōo” repertoire (historical drama and stories of heroes) and the ”bûn” repertoire (lyrical drama) are the more important ones. With the keen competition within the ”indoor stage” Taiwanese Folk Opera after WWII, the troupes further developed a new type of ”genuine koa-á” that featured eight-verse stanzas, composed by the performers themselves or professional playwrights.This study analyzes several episodic arias (chhah khek) from the ”genuine koa-á” Shanbo and Yintai. The performers make use of these episodic arias when circumstances call for refined acting or humorous effect. Alternatively, the episodic arias serve to complement certain scenario or specific type-scene. Either lyrical or narrative, they become components of performance formulas (cham thâu). When a performer masters the content of cham thâu and has them imprinted mentally, he or she can apply them onto related or similar drama plots.
    Relation: 民俗曲藝, 181, 97-166
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[中國文學系] 期刊論文

    Files in This Item:

    File Description SizeFormat
    97-166.pdf7313KbAdobe PDF505View/Open


    All items in 政大典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    社群 sharing

    著作權政策宣告
    1.本網站之數位內容為國立政治大學所收錄之機構典藏,無償提供學術研究與公眾教育等公益性使用,惟仍請適度,合理使用本網站之內容,以尊重著作權人之權益。商業上之利用,則請先取得著作權人之授權。
    2.本網站之製作,已盡力防止侵害著作權人之權益,如仍發現本網站之數位內容有侵害著作權人權益情事者,請權利人通知本網站維護人員(nccur@nccu.edu.tw),維護人員將立即採取移除該數位著作等補救措施。
    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - Feedback