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    Title: 歷史修正主義與新民族主義:日本修改教科書爭議的政治效應
    Other Titles: Historical Revisionism and Neo-nationalism: The Political Impact of Textbook Controversies in Japan
    Authors: 羅志平
    Lo, Chih-Ping
    Keywords: 歷史修正主義;教科書;南京大屠殺;慰安婦
    Historical revisionism;Textbook;Nanking Massacre;Comfort women
    Date: 2006-02
    Issue Date: 2016-05-09 14:01:00 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 歷史修正主義是後現代的文化現象,原本是學術研究的一種方法或觀點,但在二十世紀末以後卻被刻意誤用,尤其是民族主義者變本加厲的操弄,結果不但模糊了歷史的真相,也使國際關係變得更複雜。本文先以日本修改歷史教科書所引起的爭議為例,闡釋歷史修正主義一詞的意義、起源,以及當今人們的誤用,然後再以「南京大屠殺」和「慰安婦」等歷史遺留的問題為例,分析歷史修正主義與民族主義的合流,藉此解釋困擾中日關係的因素。國際關係固然複雜,但是若能摒棄民族主義的偏見,歷史的「事實」還是可以重建,不會只是一種「觀點」。
    Historical revisionism is a phenomenon of in post-modern world culture. It was originally a methodology or a viewpoint, which is adopted by scholars in the field of history. However, its purposive misinterpretation by nationalists has caused not only confusions between facts and falsehood, but also a deterioration of relationships among Asian states since the late 20th century. This article starts with the common misunderstanding, and as a result the misuse of ”historical revisionism”. Both the ”Nanking Massacre” and the ”Comfort Women”, two unsolved historical issues within the Sino-Japanese diplomacy, are also included in this discussion. The paper points out that it is possible to develop a clear picture of what is so called historical ”truth” if we go beyond the nationalist partiality.
    Relation: 問題與研究, 45(1), 81-106
    Issues & studies
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[問題與研究 TSSCI] 期刊論文

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