文章批判性地評述了2006年以來中國公民社會研究的中文文獻。上世紀九○年代初一些西方學者和中國學者的早期研究，為中國公民社會研究設置了特定的理論視野。近年來的研究在這些視野中發展了新的理論，對中國公民社會與國家的結構性關係、公民社會的發展路徑給出了新的回答，對多元治理、網路輿論等新變革進行了理論解讀。這些研究加深了我們對中國政治和社會變革的理解，推進了中國公民社會研究的發展。然而，中國公民社會研究還需充實理論基礎，加強對現實變革的體認，從而走出理論研究缺乏、微觀研究不足、研究的現實解釋力欠缺等困境。 This article provides a critical review of Chinese literature on civil society research in China since 2006. Western and Chinese researchers in the early 1990s offered certain theoretical perspectives for Chinese civil society research. However, research conducted over recent years has developed some new theories out of these horizons, providing new theoretical perspectives on the structural relationship between Chinese civil society and the state, the developmental route of civil society, and theoretical interpretations of new developments, such as multigovernance and network public opinion. This research helps to enhance scholars’ understanding of China’s political and social changes and facilitate Chinese civil society research. However, Chinese civil society research still needs to strengthen its theoretical foundation and enhance understanding of ongoing changes in order to overcome various hurdles in Chinese civil society studies, such as a lack of theory-oriented research, insuf cient micro-level research, and limited explanatory power.