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    政大機構典藏 > 學術期刊 > 問題と研究 > 期刊論文 >  Item 140.119/104432
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nccur.lib.nccu.edu.tw/handle/140.119/104432


    Title: 日米同盟関係の変遷と今後の東アジア地域の秩序 美日同盟關係的演變與東亞區域秩序的未來
    Other Titles: 美日同盟關係的演變與東亞區域秩序的未來(Evolution of the U.S.-Japan Alliance and Future of East Asia)
    Authors: 楊鈞池
    Keywords: 美日關係;美日安保條約;美日同盟;日本自民黨;日本民主黨;U.S.-Japan Relation;U.S.-Japan Security Treaty;U.S.-Japan Alliance;Liberal Democracy Party (Japan);Japan Democratic Party
    Date: 2011-06
    Issue Date: 2016-12-02 15:21:57 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 日米安全保障条約は2010 年に改定から50 周年を迎えたが、1960年代以降の日米安全保障体制の変遷は、おおむね4 つの段階に分けられる。まず、単なる二国間の経済貿易関係が、政治的なパートナー関係に発展し制度的な調整メカニズムを構築するまでである。1990 年代以降は地域レベルにおいて軍事同盟関係の構築に尽力した。21 世紀に入り、日米同盟関係は世界的な争点における協力に乗り出すが、2009 年に民主党が政権の座に就くと、日本政府は「東アジア共同体」をより重視し、アジア隣国との友好関係を強化する必要があるとの認識を示した。そして、日米関係は「対等な日米関係」を目指し、日本により大きな自主権をもたらしたが、鳩山前首相の主張した「日 本・中国・米国」の正三角形の等距離関係は、その実践において非常に大きな争議を醸し出し、鳩山前首相は極めて重大な政治的代償を支払うこととなった。そして民主党政権のもとでの日米関係は悪化し、東アジア地域の秩序に多大な影響をもたらしている。 2010年是美日修訂安保條約後50周年,從1960年代起,美日安保體系的演變大致可以區分為四個階段:從原本只是偏重於雙邊的經貿關係,逐漸朝向政治夥伴關係,以及建立制度性的協商機制;到了1990年代起則致力於在區域層級建立軍事同盟關係;進入2000年以來,美日同盟關係更跨向全球議題的合作。但是2009年日本民主黨執政後,由於民主黨政府較重視「東亞共同體」,認為日本有必要強化與亞洲鄰國的友好關係;至於美日關係則朝向「對等的美日關係」,讓日本有更大的自主權。然而鳩山前首相的「日本、中國、美國」三角等距離關係在實踐上卻出現相當大的爭議,鳩山前首相甚至因此而付出沉重的政治代價。而日本民主黨執政時期美日同盟關係陷入低潮的影響,對東亞區域秩序產生相當大的影響。On January 19, 1960, U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter and Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi signed a historic treaty, in which U.S. gained basing rights in exchange for securing the Japanese homeland. Since the 1960s, the evolutions of U.S.-Japan security system can be roughly divided into four phases: from the original sole emphasis on bilateral economic and trade relations to the gradual establishment of political partnership and a system of consultation mechanisms. After the 1990s, U.S. and Japan tried to establish a military alliance at the regional level, an alliance that progressed towards cooperation on global issues after entry into the new millennium. However, when the Democratic Party of Japan came into power in 2009, its higher emphasis on 'East Asian Community' oriented Japan towards strengthening friendly relations with its Asian neighbors. Hence, U.S.-Japan relations face a new landscape: one in which the new Japanese government wants more autonomy. However, Prime Minister Hotoyama's 'Japan-China-U.S.' equidistant triangular relationship has generated considerable controversy in practice, leading Prime Minister Hatoyama to pay a heavy political price. The ham-handed diplomacy of the ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the downturn in US-Japan alliance have a considerable impacts on the regional order in East Asia.
    On January 19, 1960, U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter and Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi signed a historic treaty, in which U.S. gained basing rights in exchange for securing the Japanese homeland. Since the 1960s, the evolutions of U.S.-Japan security system can be roughly divided into four phases: from the original sole emphasis on bilateral economic and trade relations to the gradual establishment of political partnership and a system of consultation mechanisms. After the 1990s, U.S. and Japan tried to establish a military alliance at the regional level, an alliance that progressed towards cooperation on global issues after entry into the new millennium. However, when the Democratic Party of Japan came into power in 2009, its higher emphasis on 'East Asian Community' oriented Japan towards strengthening friendly relations with its Asian neighbors. Hence, U.S.-Japan relations face a new landscape: one in which the new Japanese government wants more autonomy. However, Prime Minister Hotoyama's 'Japan-China-U.S.' equidistant triangular relationship has generated considerable controversy in practice, leading Prime Minister Hatoyama to pay a heavy political price. The ham-handed diplomacy of the ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the downturn in US-Japan alliance have a considerable impacts on the regional order in East Asia.
    Relation: 問題と研究,40-2,63-91
    Data Type: article
    Appears in Collections:[問題と研究] 期刊論文

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