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    Title: 臺灣無家者的污名: 針對其日常生活實踐戰術的分析
    Other Titles: The stigma of being homeless in Taiwan: An analysis of the tactics of their everyday life practice
    Authors: 邱琪瑄
    Chiu, Vicki Chi-Hsuan
    Contributors: 新聞學研究
    Keywords: 日常生活理論;污名;無家者;戰術
    everyday life theory;homeless;stigma;tactics
    Date: 2024-01
    Issue Date: 2024-02-29 09:34:55 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 遊民又雅稱無家者、街友,指的是居無定所、棲息街頭的人。過去研究發現,對於突破無家者的污名化現象,教育的效果有限,要扭轉社會大眾的偏見需要長期的努力,去改變潛在的社會價值觀。成功的日常生活實踐及戰術操作,不僅可以消除無家者的污名現象,同時也與社會產生互動。雖然國內已有若干探討弱勢者去污名化手法及方式的研究,然而並無針對無家者此一族群進行全面且長期的參與觀察研究。
    本文運用污名及日常生活理論,採取質化研究取徑,以參與觀察法、文獻分析法、敘說分析法三大研究方法進行資料的蒐集與分析。研究發現,臺灣無家者日常生活實踐及戰術操作方式可分為空間碎片的爭取與占用、結合異己、下有對策、符號挪用、二度創作、敘事框架的轉化等六大戰術。本研究以主體能動性的展現、個體轉變的行為傾向、空間位置等三大效應,分析臺灣無家者的日常實踐及其戰術操作。這六大戰術除了運用多元的空間位置外,亦展示一定的主體能動性,以及無家者或多或少正向的轉變行為。
    The homeless refers to people who live on the streets without a fixed place. Studies have found that education has a limited effect on breaking through the stigma of being homeless. To reverse public prejudice requires long-term efforts to change the underlying social values. Successful everyday practices and tactics not only remove the stigma of homelessness, but also allow homeless people to interact with society. Although there have been several studies in Taiwan on de-stigmatization techniques and methods of disadvantaged people, there is no comprehensive and long-term participant observation study on the homeless.
    This paper is mainly divided into the following two research purposes: 1) Discuss the tactical operation methods of homeless people in Taiwan in daily life practice. 2) Analyze the effects of tactical operations in daily life practices of homeless people in Taiwan.
    This paper uses the theory of stigma and everyday life, adopts the method of qualitative research, and collects and analyzes the data by three methodologies: participatory observation, literature analysis and narrative analysis. This study finds that the everyday life practice and tactical operation of the homeless in Taiwan can be divided into six tactics: strive for space fragmentation, combination of dissidents, countermeasures, symbol appropriation, secondary creation, and transformation of the narrative frame.
    Relation: 新聞學研究, 158, 1-55
    Data Type: article
    DOI link: https://doi.org/10.30386/MCR.202401.0001
    DOI: 10.30386/MCR.202401.0001
    Appears in Collections:[Mass Communication Research] Articles

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